S-Adenosylmethionine Decarboxylase Degradation by the 26 S Proteasome Is Accelerated by Substrate-mediated Transamination

Azmi Yerlikaya, Bruce A. Stanley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The short-lived enzyme S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase uses a covalently bound pyruvoyl cofactor to catalyze the formation of decarboxylated S-adenosylmethionine, which then donates an aminopropyl group for polyamine biosynthesis. Here we demonstrate that S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase is ubiquitinated and degraded by the 26 S proteasome in vivo, a process that is accelerated by inactivation of S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase by substrate-mediated transamination of its pyruvoyl cofactor. Proteasome inhibition in COS-7 cells prevents the degradation of S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase antigen; however, even brief inhibition of the 26 S proteasome caused substantial losses of S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase activity despite accumulation of S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase antigen. Levels of the enzyme's substrate (S-adenosylmethionine) increased rapidly after 26 S proteasome inhibition, and this increase in substrate level is consistent with the observed loss of activity arising from an increased rate of inactivation by substrate-mediated transamination. Evidence is also presented that this substrate-mediated transamination accelerates normal degradation of S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase, as the rate of degradation of the enzyme was increased in the presence of AbeAdo (5′ -([(Z)-4-amino-2-butenyl]methylamino]-5′-deoxyadenosine) (a substrate analogue that transaminates the enzyme); conversely, when the intracellular substrate level was reduced by methionine deprivation, the rate of degradation of the enzyme was decreased. Ubiquitination of S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase is demonstrated by isolation of His-tagged AdoMetDC (S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase) from COS-7 cells co-transfected with hemagglutinin-tagged ubiquitin and showing bands that were immunoreactive to both anti-AdoMetDC antibody and anti-hemagglutinin antibody. This is the first study to demonstrate that AdoMetDC is ubiquitinated and degraded by the 26 S proteasome, and substrate-mediated acceleration of degradation is a unique finding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12469-12478
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 26 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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