Safety and utility of modified ultrafiltration in pediatric cardiac surgery

David A. Palanzo, Robert K. Wise, Karl R. Woitas, Akif Undar, Joseph B. Clark, John L. Myers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Modified ultrafiltration (MUF) is employed at the termination of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in pediatric and neonatal patients undergoing congenital heart surgery to reduce the accumulation of total body water thus increasing the concentration of red blood cells and the other formed elements in the circulation. Modified ultrafiltration has been reported to remove circulating pro-inflammatory mediators that result in systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) postoperatively. Methods: Four hundred patients undergoing cardiac surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass and weighing less than or equal to 12 kg were retrospectively evaluated for the effectiveness of MUF. After the termination of CPB, blood was withdrawn through the aortic cannula and passed through a hemoconcentrator attached to the blood cardioplegia set and returned to the patient through the venous cannula. The entire CPB circuit volume in addition to the patient’s circulating blood volume were concentrated until the hematocrit value displayed on the CDI cuvette within the MUF circuit reached 45% or there was no more volume to safely remove. At the same time a full unit of FFP can be infused as water is being removed, thus maintaining euvolemia. Results: MUF was performed in all 400 patients with no MUF-related complications. Following the conclusion of MUF, anecdotal observations included improved surgical hemostasis, improved hemodynamic parameters, decreased transfusion requirements, and decreased ventilator times. Conclusions: Complete MUF enables the clinician to safely raise the post-CPB hematocrit to at least 40% while potentially removing mediators that could result in SIRS. In addition a full unit of FFP can be administered while maintaining euvolemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPerfusion (United Kingdom)
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Safety Research
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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