Scalable web content attestation

Thomas Moyer, Kevin Butler, Joshua Schiffman, Patrick McDaniel, Trent Jaeger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The web is a primary means of information sharing for most organizations and people. Currently, a recipient of web content knows nothing about the environment in which that information was generated other than the specific server from whence it came (and even that information can be unreliable). In this paper, we develop and evaluate the Spork system that uses the Trusted Platform Module (TPM) to tie the web server integrity state to the web content delivered to browsers, thus allowing a client to verify that the origin of the content was functioning properly when the received content was generated and/or delivered. We discuss the design and implementation of the Spork service and its browser-side Firefox validation extension. In particular, we explore the challenges and solutions of scaling the delivery of mixed static and dynamic content to a large number of clients using exceptionally slow TPM hardware. We perform an in-depth empirical analysis of the Spork system within Apache web servers. This analysis shows Spork can deliver nearly 8,000 static or over 6,500 dynamic integrity-measured web objects per second. More broadly, we identify how TPM-based content web services can scale to large client loads with manageable overheads and deliver integrity-measured content with manageable overhead.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5740848
Pages (from-to)686-699
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Computers
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics


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