Scale Time Offset Robust Modulation (STORM) -  is a high bandwidth waveform design that adds time-scale to embedded reference modulations using only time-delay . In an environment where each user has a specific delay and scale, identification of the user with the highest signal power and that user's phase is facilitated by the STORM processor. Both of these parameters are required in an efficient multiuser detection algorithm. In this paper, the STORM modulation approach is evaluated with a direct sequence spread quadrature phase shift keying (DS-QPSK) system. A misconception of the STORM time scale modulation is that a fine temporal resolution is required at the receiver. STORM will be applied to a QPSK code division multiaccess (CDMA) system by modifying the spreading codes. Specifically, the in-phase code will use a typical spreading code, and the quadrature code will use a time-delayed and time-scaled version of the in-phase code. Subsequently, the same temporal resolution in the receiver is required before and after the application of STORM. In this paper, the bit error performance of STORM in a synchronous CDMA system is evaluated and compared to theory, and the bit error performance of STORM incorporated in a single user WCDMA downlink is presented to demonstrate the applicability of STORM in a modern communication system.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology|
|State||Published - Aug 2011|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes