Acoustic scattering from layered seafloors exhibits dependence on both the mean geoacoustic layering, as well as the roughness properties of each layer. Several theoretical treatments of this environment exist, including the small roughness perturbation approximation, the Kirchhoff approximation, and three different versions of the small slope approximation. All of these models give different results for the scattering cross section and coherent reflection coefficient, and there is currently no way to distinguish which model is the most correct. In this work, an integral equation for scattering from a layered seafloor with rough interfaces is presented, and compared with small roughness perturbation method, and two of the small slope approximations. It is found that the most recent small slope approximation by Jackson and Olson [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 147(1), 56-73 (2020)] is the most accurate when the root-mean-square (rms) roughness is large, and some models are in close agreement with each other when the rms roughness is small.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics