Scenario Partitioning Methods for Two-Stage Stochastic Generation Expansion Under Multi-Scale Uncertainty

Bining Zhao, Jesse Bukenberger, Mort Webster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Generation Expansion Planning (GEP) can inform regulation, electricity market design, and regional system planning by identifying adaptive investment strategies. Relevant uncertainties include hourly variability in load and renewable generation and decadal-scale uncertainty in technology, markets, and regulation. A multi-stage and multi-scale stochastic GEP model that represents these uncertainties at sufficient resolution becomes intractable. We present an approach for representing this multi-scale uncertainty, and compare it to existing methods, applied to a two-stage stochastic GEP model with a cumulative carbon emission target. For long-term uncertainty, we compare partitioning methods, which reduce the number of decision variables but retain all scenarios, to representative scenario methods, which retain only a subset of the original scenarios. For short-term uncertainty, we compare methods that select representative weeks based on distance metrics in the parameter space to methods that use the covariance of outcomes across feasible decisions to select weeks. We find that scenario reduction methods struggle to find the appropriate investment levels for variable renewable generation and consequently produce more costly plans than scenario partitioning methods. While simple approximating methods perform well with larger models, covariance-based approximations have the best performance overall.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2371-2383
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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