This chapter synthesized recent research on bullying and victimization in educational settings. The chapter drew on literature related to the impact of the school context, particularly school climate and school characteristics, on youths'involvement in bullying, as victims and perpetrators. This section of the chapter discussed studies on the effect of school size, class size, racial and ethnic minority composition, and school location on school bullying. School climate was also examined, specifically teachers'attitudes and students'perceptions of teachers'attitudes, and how such climates relate to school bullying. At the end of this section, school-based preventive intervention programs are described, highlighting the effective components of these programs. The second part of this chapter focused on peers'roles in school bullying. It also covered bystanders, peer clustering, peer ecology, and peer status, and how these impact school bullying involvement. This section concludes with the effectiveness of peer-based preventive intervention programs. The final section of the chapter provided recommendations for schools, parents, and youths. The research shared in this chapter utilized cross-sectional, longitudinal, qualitative, and quantitative research methodologies. It also incorporated research across multiple disciplines, including psychology, sociology, education, social work, and anthropology. The research n featured is also international to provide a broad overview of school bullying across the world.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Handbook on Bullying|
|Subtitle of host publication||Prevalence, Psychological Impacts and Intervention Strategies|
|Publisher||Nova Science Publishers, Inc.|
|Number of pages||15|
|State||Published - Oct 1 2014|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes