School-Based Consultants as Change Facilitators: Adaptation of the Concerns-Based Adoption Model (CBAM) to Support the Implementation of Research-Based Practices

Andrew T. Roach, Thomas R. Kratochwill, Jennifer L. Frank

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The Concerns-Based Adoption Model (CBAM) is proposed as a heuristic for school-based consultants interested in identifying impact points for facilitating implementation of research-based practices and programs in classrooms and schools. The article begins with a discussion of the change facilitator's role in promoting changes in educational practices and a description of six essential strategies consultants can use to facilitate change. Background on CBAM's development and its applications in school environments also are provided. In addition, CBAM's three diagnostic frameworks (i.e., Stages of Concern, Levels of Use, and Innovation Configurations) are outlined and proposals for using CBAM assessment data to support educators' use of research-based practices are discussed. Limitations of the model and implications for further research are presented.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)300-320
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Educational and Psychological Consultation
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 1 2009


Cite this