Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) for alcohol and other drug use among adolescents: Evaluation of a pediatric residency curriculum

Sheryl A. Ryan, Shara Martel, Michael Pantalon, Steve Martino, Jeanette Tetrault, Stephen F. Thung, Steven L. Bernstein, Peggy Auinger, Michael L. Green, David A. Fiellin, Patrick G. Oconnor, Gail Donofrio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the integration of a screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) curriculum for alcohol and other drug use into a pediatric residency program. Pediatric and medicine/pediatric residents in an adolescent medicine rotation located in an urban teaching hospital participated in the study. Main outcome measures were pre-and post-training knowledge scores, performance of the Brief Negotiation Interview (BNI), training satisfaction, and adoption of the BNI into clinical practice. Thirty-four residents were trained. Significant pre-to post-training improvements were seen in knowledge scores (P <.001) and performance as measured by the BNI Adherence Scale (P <.001). Residents reported high satisfaction immediately post-training and at 30 days on a 1-5 Likert scale: mean 1.41 to 1.59 (1=very satisfied) (P=0.23). Over a 9-month period, 53% of residents documented performing at least 1 BNI, of which 2/3 reported 2 BNIs in a subsequent clinical setting. The results show that integrating a SBIRT curriculum into a pediatric residency program increases residents knowledge and skills.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-260
Number of pages10
JournalSubstance Abuse
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Ryan, S. A., Martel, S., Pantalon, M., Martino, S., Tetrault, J., Thung, S. F., Bernstein, S. L., Auinger, P., Green, M. L., Fiellin, D. A., Oconnor, P. G., & Donofrio, G. (2012). Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) for alcohol and other drug use among adolescents: Evaluation of a pediatric residency curriculum. Substance Abuse, 33(3), 251-260. https://doi.org/10.1080/08897077.2011.640182