SDSS-III: Massive spectroscopic surveys of the distant Universe, the MILKY WAY, and extra-solar planetary systems

Daniel J. Eisenstein, David H. Weinberg, Eric Agol, Hiroaki Aihara, Carlos Allende Prieto, Scott F. Anderson, James A. Arns, Eric Aubourg, Stephen Bailey, Eduardo Balbinot, Robert Barkhouser, Timothy C. Beers, Andreas A. Berlind, Steven J. Bickerton, Dmitry Bizyaev, Michael R. Blanton, John J. Bochanski, Adam S. Bolton, Casey T. Bosman, Jo BovyW. N. Brandt, Ben Breslauer, Howard J. Brewington, J. Brinkmann, Peter J. Brown, Joel R. Brownstein, Dan Burger, Nicolas G. Busca, Heather Campbell, Phillip A. Cargile, William C. Carithers, Joleen K. Carlberg, Michael A. Carr, Liang Chang, Yanmei Chen, Cristina Chiappini, Johan Comparat, Natalia Connolly, Marina Cortes, Rupert A.C. Croft, Katia Cunha, Luiz N. Da Costa, James R.A. Davenport, Kyle Dawson, Nathan De Lee, Gustavo F. Porto De Mello, Fernando De Simoni, Janice Dean, Saurav Dhital, Anne Ealet, Garrett L. Ebelke, Edward M. Edmondson, Jacob M. Eiting, Stephanie Escoffier, Massimiliano Esposito, Michael L. Evans, Xiaohui Fan, Bruno Femenía Castell, Leticia Dutra Ferreira, Greg Fitzgerald, Scott W. Fleming, Andreu Font-Ribera, Eric B. Ford, Peter M. Frinchaboy, Ana Elia García Pérez, B. Scott Gaudi, Jian Ge, Luan Ghezzi, Bruce A. Gillespie, G. Gilmore, Léo Girardi, J. Richard Gott, Andrew Gould, Eva K. Grebel, James E. Gunn, Jean Christophe Hamilton, Paul Harding, David W. Harris, Suzanne L. Hawley, Frederick R. Hearty, Joseph F. Hennawi, Jonay I. Gonzlez Hernndez, Shirley Ho, David W. Hogg, Jon A. Holtzman, Klaus Honscheid, Naohisa Inada, Inese I. Ivans, Linhua Jiang, Peng Jiang, Jennifer A. Johnson, Cathy Jordan, Wendell P. Jordan, Guinevere Kauffmann, Eyal Kazin, David Kirkby, Mark A. Klaene, G. R. Knapp, Jean Paul Kneib, C. S. Kochanek, Lars Koesterke, Juna A. Kollmeier, Richard G. Kron, Hubert Lampeitl, Dustin Lang, James E. Lawler, Jean Marc Le Goff, Brian L. Lee, Young Sun Lee, Jarron M. Leisenring, Yen Ting Lin, Jian Liu, Daniel C. Long, Craig P. Loomis, Sara Lucatello, Britt Lundgren, Robert H. Lupton, Bo Ma, Zhibo Ma, Nicholas MacDonald, Claude MacK, Suvrath Mahadevan, Marcio A.G. Maia, Steven R. Majewski, Martin Makler, Elena Malanushenko, Viktor Malanushenko, Rachel Mandelbaum, Claudia Maraston, Daniel Margala, Paul Maseman, Karen L. Masters, Cameron K. McBride, Patrick McDonald, Ian D. McGreer, Richard G. McMahon, Olga Mena Requejo, Brice Ménard, Jordi Miralda-Escudé, Heather L. Morrison, Fergal Mullally, Demitri Muna, Hitoshi Murayama, Adam D. Myers, Tracy Naugle, Angelo Fausti Neto, Duy Cuong Nguyen, Robert C. Nichol, David L. Nidever, Robert W. O'Connell, Ricardo L.C. Ogando, Matthew D. Olmstead, Daniel J. Oravetz, Nikhil Padmanabhan, Martin Paegert, Nathalie Palanque-Delabrouille, Kaike Pan, Parul Pandey, John K. Parejko, Isabelle Pâris, Paulo Pellegrini, Joshua Pepper, Will J. Percival, Patrick Petitjean, Robert Pfaffenberger, Janine Pforr, Stefanie Phleps, Christophe Pichon, Matthew M. Pieri, Francisco Prada, Adrian M. Price-Whelan, M. Jordan Raddick, Beatriz H.F. Ramos, I. Neill Reid, Celine Reyle, James Rich, Gordon T. Richards, George H. Rieke, Marcia J. Rieke, Hans Walter Rix, Annie C. Robin, Helio J. Rocha-Pinto, Constance M. Rockosi, Natalie A. Roe, Emmanuel Rollinde, Ashley J. Ross, Nicholas P. Ross, Bruno Rossetto, Ariel G. Snchez, Basilio Santiago, Conor Sayres, Ricardo Schiavon, David J. Schlegel, Katharine J. Schlesinger, Sarah J. Schmidt, Donald P. Schneider, Kris Sellgren, Alaina Shelden, Erin Sheldon, Matthew Shetrone, Yiping Shu, John D. Silverman, Jennifer Simmerer, Audrey E. Simmons, Thirupathi Sivarani, M. F. Skrutskie, Ane Slosar, Stephen Smee, Verne V. Smith, Stephanie A. Snedden, Keivan G. Stassun, Oliver Steele, Matthias Steinmetz, Mark H. Stockett, Todd Stollberg, Michael A. Strauss, Alexander S. Szalay, Masayuki Tanaka, Aniruddha R. Thakar, Daniel Thomas, Jeremy L. Tinker, Benjamin M. Tofflemire, Rita Tojeiro, Christy A. Tremonti, Mariana Vargas Magãa, Licia Verde, Nicole P. Vogt, David A. Wake, Xiaoke Wan, Ji Wang, Benjamin A. Weaver, Martin White, Simon D.M. White, John C. Wilson, John P. Wisniewski, W. Michael Wood-Vasey, Brian Yanny, Naoki Yasuda, Christophe Yèche, Donald G. York, Erick Young, Gail Zasowski, Idit Zehavi, Bo Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1142 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Building on the legacy of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-I and II), SDSS-III is a program of four spectroscopic surveys on three scientific themes: dark energy and cosmological parameters, the history and structure of the Milky Way, and the population of giant planets around other stars. In keeping with SDSS tradition, SDSS-III will provide regular public releases of all its data, beginning with SDSS Data Release 8 (DR8), which was made public in 2011 January and includes SDSS-I and SDSS-II images and spectra reprocessed with the latest pipelines and calibrations produced for the SDSS-III investigations. This paper presents an overview of the four surveys that comprise SDSS-III. The Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey will measure redshifts of 1.5 million massive galaxies and Lyα forest spectra of 150,000 quasars, using the baryon acoustic oscillation feature of large-scale structure to obtain percent-level determinations of the distance scale and Hubble expansion rate at z < 0.7 and at z ≈ 2.5. SEGUE-2, an already completed SDSS-III survey that is the continuation of the SDSS-II Sloan Extension for Galactic Understanding and Exploration (SEGUE), measured medium-resolution (R = λ/Δλ 1800) optical spectra of 118,000 stars in a variety of target categories, probing chemical evolution, stellar kinematics and substructure, and the mass profile of the dark matter halo from the solar neighborhood to distances of 100 kpc. APOGEE, the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment, will obtain high-resolution (R 30,000), high signal-to-noise ratio (S/N ≥ 100 per resolution element), H-band (1.51 μm < λ < 1.70 μm) spectra of 105 evolved, late-type stars, measuring separate abundances for 15 elements per star and creating the first high-precision spectroscopic survey of all Galactic stellar populations (bulge, bar, disks, halo) with a uniform set of stellar tracers and spectral diagnostics. The Multi-object APO Radial Velocity Exoplanet Large-area Survey (MARVELS) will monitor radial velocities of more than 8000 FGK stars with the sensitivity and cadence (10-40 m s -1, 24 visits per star) needed to detect giant planets with periods up to two years, providing an unprecedented data set for understanding the formation and dynamical evolution of giant planet systems. As of 2011 January, SDSS-III has obtained spectra of more than 240,000 galaxies, 29,000 z ≥ 2.2 quasars, and 140,000 stars, including 74,000 velocity measurements of 2580 stars for MARVELS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number72
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume142
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011

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planetary systems
universe
stars
radial velocity
planets
planet
extrasolar planets
quasars
baryons
halos
oscillation
galaxies
oscillations
solar neighborhood
chemical evolution
galactic evolution
substructures
dark energy
velocity measurement
signal-to-noise ratio

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Eisenstein, D. J., Weinberg, D. H., Agol, E., Aihara, H., Allende Prieto, C., Anderson, S. F., ... Zhao, B. (2011). SDSS-III: Massive spectroscopic surveys of the distant Universe, the MILKY WAY, and extra-solar planetary systems. Astronomical Journal, 142(3), [72]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-6256/142/3/72
Eisenstein, Daniel J. ; Weinberg, David H. ; Agol, Eric ; Aihara, Hiroaki ; Allende Prieto, Carlos ; Anderson, Scott F. ; Arns, James A. ; Aubourg, Eric ; Bailey, Stephen ; Balbinot, Eduardo ; Barkhouser, Robert ; Beers, Timothy C. ; Berlind, Andreas A. ; Bickerton, Steven J. ; Bizyaev, Dmitry ; Blanton, Michael R. ; Bochanski, John J. ; Bolton, Adam S. ; Bosman, Casey T. ; Bovy, Jo ; Brandt, W. N. ; Breslauer, Ben ; Brewington, Howard J. ; Brinkmann, J. ; Brown, Peter J. ; Brownstein, Joel R. ; Burger, Dan ; Busca, Nicolas G. ; Campbell, Heather ; Cargile, Phillip A. ; Carithers, William C. ; Carlberg, Joleen K. ; Carr, Michael A. ; Chang, Liang ; Chen, Yanmei ; Chiappini, Cristina ; Comparat, Johan ; Connolly, Natalia ; Cortes, Marina ; Croft, Rupert A.C. ; Cunha, Katia ; Da Costa, Luiz N. ; Davenport, James R.A. ; Dawson, Kyle ; De Lee, Nathan ; Porto De Mello, Gustavo F. ; De Simoni, Fernando ; Dean, Janice ; Dhital, Saurav ; Ealet, Anne ; Ebelke, Garrett L. ; Edmondson, Edward M. ; Eiting, Jacob M. ; Escoffier, Stephanie ; Esposito, Massimiliano ; Evans, Michael L. ; Fan, Xiaohui ; Femenía Castell, Bruno ; Dutra Ferreira, Leticia ; Fitzgerald, Greg ; Fleming, Scott W. ; Font-Ribera, Andreu ; Ford, Eric B. ; Frinchaboy, Peter M. ; García Pérez, Ana Elia ; Gaudi, B. Scott ; Ge, Jian ; Ghezzi, Luan ; Gillespie, Bruce A. ; Gilmore, G. ; Girardi, Léo ; Gott, J. Richard ; Gould, Andrew ; Grebel, Eva K. ; Gunn, James E. ; Hamilton, Jean Christophe ; Harding, Paul ; Harris, David W. ; Hawley, Suzanne L. ; Hearty, Frederick R. ; Hennawi, Joseph F. ; Gonzlez Hernndez, Jonay I. ; Ho, Shirley ; Hogg, David W. ; Holtzman, Jon A. ; Honscheid, Klaus ; Inada, Naohisa ; Ivans, Inese I. ; Jiang, Linhua ; Jiang, Peng ; Johnson, Jennifer A. ; Jordan, Cathy ; Jordan, Wendell P. ; Kauffmann, Guinevere ; Kazin, Eyal ; Kirkby, David ; Klaene, Mark A. ; Knapp, G. R. ; Kneib, Jean Paul ; Kochanek, C. S. ; Koesterke, Lars ; Kollmeier, Juna A. ; Kron, Richard G. ; Lampeitl, Hubert ; Lang, Dustin ; Lawler, James E. ; Le Goff, Jean Marc ; Lee, Brian L. ; Lee, Young Sun ; Leisenring, Jarron M. ; Lin, Yen Ting ; Liu, Jian ; Long, Daniel C. ; Loomis, Craig P. ; Lucatello, Sara ; Lundgren, Britt ; Lupton, Robert H. ; Ma, Bo ; Ma, Zhibo ; MacDonald, Nicholas ; MacK, Claude ; Mahadevan, Suvrath ; Maia, Marcio A.G. ; Majewski, Steven R. ; Makler, Martin ; Malanushenko, Elena ; Malanushenko, Viktor ; Mandelbaum, Rachel ; Maraston, Claudia ; Margala, Daniel ; Maseman, Paul ; Masters, Karen L. ; McBride, Cameron K. ; McDonald, Patrick ; McGreer, Ian D. ; McMahon, Richard G. ; Mena Requejo, Olga ; Ménard, Brice ; Miralda-Escudé, Jordi ; Morrison, Heather L. ; Mullally, Fergal ; Muna, Demitri ; Murayama, Hitoshi ; Myers, Adam D. ; Naugle, Tracy ; Neto, Angelo Fausti ; Nguyen, Duy Cuong ; Nichol, Robert C. ; Nidever, David L. ; O'Connell, Robert W. ; Ogando, Ricardo L.C. ; Olmstead, Matthew D. ; Oravetz, Daniel J. ; Padmanabhan, Nikhil ; Paegert, Martin ; Palanque-Delabrouille, Nathalie ; Pan, Kaike ; Pandey, Parul ; Parejko, John K. ; Pâris, Isabelle ; Pellegrini, Paulo ; Pepper, Joshua ; Percival, Will J. ; Petitjean, Patrick ; Pfaffenberger, Robert ; Pforr, Janine ; Phleps, Stefanie ; Pichon, Christophe ; Pieri, Matthew M. ; Prada, Francisco ; Price-Whelan, Adrian M. ; Raddick, M. Jordan ; Ramos, Beatriz H.F. ; Reid, I. Neill ; Reyle, Celine ; Rich, James ; Richards, Gordon T. ; Rieke, George H. ; Rieke, Marcia J. ; Rix, Hans Walter ; Robin, Annie C. ; Rocha-Pinto, Helio J. ; Rockosi, Constance M. ; Roe, Natalie A. ; Rollinde, Emmanuel ; Ross, Ashley J. ; Ross, Nicholas P. ; Rossetto, Bruno ; Snchez, Ariel G. ; Santiago, Basilio ; Sayres, Conor ; Schiavon, Ricardo ; Schlegel, David J. ; Schlesinger, Katharine J. ; Schmidt, Sarah J. ; Schneider, Donald P. ; Sellgren, Kris ; Shelden, Alaina ; Sheldon, Erin ; Shetrone, Matthew ; Shu, Yiping ; Silverman, John D. ; Simmerer, Jennifer ; Simmons, Audrey E. ; Sivarani, Thirupathi ; Skrutskie, M. F. ; Slosar, Ane ; Smee, Stephen ; Smith, Verne V. ; Snedden, Stephanie A. ; Stassun, Keivan G. ; Steele, Oliver ; Steinmetz, Matthias ; Stockett, Mark H. ; Stollberg, Todd ; Strauss, Michael A. ; Szalay, Alexander S. ; Tanaka, Masayuki ; Thakar, Aniruddha R. ; Thomas, Daniel ; Tinker, Jeremy L. ; Tofflemire, Benjamin M. ; Tojeiro, Rita ; Tremonti, Christy A. ; Vargas Magãa, Mariana ; Verde, Licia ; Vogt, Nicole P. ; Wake, David A. ; Wan, Xiaoke ; Wang, Ji ; Weaver, Benjamin A. ; White, Martin ; White, Simon D.M. ; Wilson, John C. ; Wisniewski, John P. ; Wood-Vasey, W. Michael ; Yanny, Brian ; Yasuda, Naoki ; Yèche, Christophe ; York, Donald G. ; Young, Erick ; Zasowski, Gail ; Zehavi, Idit ; Zhao, Bo. / SDSS-III : Massive spectroscopic surveys of the distant Universe, the MILKY WAY, and extra-solar planetary systems. In: Astronomical Journal. 2011 ; Vol. 142, No. 3.
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title = "SDSS-III: Massive spectroscopic surveys of the distant Universe, the MILKY WAY, and extra-solar planetary systems",
abstract = "Building on the legacy of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-I and II), SDSS-III is a program of four spectroscopic surveys on three scientific themes: dark energy and cosmological parameters, the history and structure of the Milky Way, and the population of giant planets around other stars. In keeping with SDSS tradition, SDSS-III will provide regular public releases of all its data, beginning with SDSS Data Release 8 (DR8), which was made public in 2011 January and includes SDSS-I and SDSS-II images and spectra reprocessed with the latest pipelines and calibrations produced for the SDSS-III investigations. This paper presents an overview of the four surveys that comprise SDSS-III. The Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey will measure redshifts of 1.5 million massive galaxies and Lyα forest spectra of 150,000 quasars, using the baryon acoustic oscillation feature of large-scale structure to obtain percent-level determinations of the distance scale and Hubble expansion rate at z < 0.7 and at z ≈ 2.5. SEGUE-2, an already completed SDSS-III survey that is the continuation of the SDSS-II Sloan Extension for Galactic Understanding and Exploration (SEGUE), measured medium-resolution (R = λ/Δλ 1800) optical spectra of 118,000 stars in a variety of target categories, probing chemical evolution, stellar kinematics and substructure, and the mass profile of the dark matter halo from the solar neighborhood to distances of 100 kpc. APOGEE, the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment, will obtain high-resolution (R 30,000), high signal-to-noise ratio (S/N ≥ 100 per resolution element), H-band (1.51 μm < λ < 1.70 μm) spectra of 105 evolved, late-type stars, measuring separate abundances for 15 elements per star and creating the first high-precision spectroscopic survey of all Galactic stellar populations (bulge, bar, disks, halo) with a uniform set of stellar tracers and spectral diagnostics. The Multi-object APO Radial Velocity Exoplanet Large-area Survey (MARVELS) will monitor radial velocities of more than 8000 FGK stars with the sensitivity and cadence (10-40 m s -1, 24 visits per star) needed to detect giant planets with periods up to two years, providing an unprecedented data set for understanding the formation and dynamical evolution of giant planet systems. As of 2011 January, SDSS-III has obtained spectra of more than 240,000 galaxies, 29,000 z ≥ 2.2 quasars, and 140,000 stars, including 74,000 velocity measurements of 2580 stars for MARVELS.",
author = "Eisenstein, {Daniel J.} and Weinberg, {David H.} and Eric Agol and Hiroaki Aihara and {Allende Prieto}, Carlos and Anderson, {Scott F.} and Arns, {James A.} and Eric Aubourg and Stephen Bailey and Eduardo Balbinot and Robert Barkhouser and Beers, {Timothy C.} and Berlind, {Andreas A.} and Bickerton, {Steven J.} and Dmitry Bizyaev and Blanton, {Michael R.} and Bochanski, {John J.} and Bolton, {Adam S.} and Bosman, {Casey T.} and Jo Bovy and Brandt, {W. N.} and Ben Breslauer and Brewington, {Howard J.} and J. Brinkmann and Brown, {Peter J.} and Brownstein, {Joel R.} and Dan Burger and Busca, {Nicolas G.} and Heather Campbell and Cargile, {Phillip A.} and Carithers, {William C.} and Carlberg, {Joleen K.} and Carr, {Michael A.} and Liang Chang and Yanmei Chen and Cristina Chiappini and Johan Comparat and Natalia Connolly and Marina Cortes and Croft, {Rupert A.C.} and Katia Cunha and {Da Costa}, {Luiz N.} and Davenport, {James R.A.} and Kyle Dawson and {De Lee}, Nathan and {Porto De Mello}, {Gustavo F.} and {De Simoni}, Fernando and Janice Dean and Saurav Dhital and Anne Ealet and Ebelke, {Garrett L.} and Edmondson, {Edward M.} and Eiting, {Jacob M.} and Stephanie Escoffier and Massimiliano Esposito and Evans, {Michael L.} and Xiaohui Fan and {Femen{\'i}a Castell}, Bruno and {Dutra Ferreira}, Leticia and Greg Fitzgerald and Fleming, {Scott W.} and Andreu Font-Ribera and Ford, {Eric B.} and Frinchaboy, {Peter M.} and {Garc{\'i}a P{\'e}rez}, {Ana Elia} and Gaudi, {B. Scott} and Jian Ge and Luan Ghezzi and Gillespie, {Bruce A.} and G. Gilmore and L{\'e}o Girardi and Gott, {J. Richard} and Andrew Gould and Grebel, {Eva K.} and Gunn, {James E.} and Hamilton, {Jean Christophe} and Paul Harding and Harris, {David W.} and Hawley, {Suzanne L.} and Hearty, {Frederick R.} and Hennawi, {Joseph F.} and {Gonzlez Hernndez}, {Jonay I.} and Shirley Ho and Hogg, {David W.} and Holtzman, {Jon A.} and Klaus Honscheid and Naohisa Inada and Ivans, {Inese I.} and Linhua Jiang and Peng Jiang and Johnson, {Jennifer A.} and Cathy Jordan and Jordan, {Wendell P.} and Guinevere Kauffmann and Eyal Kazin and David Kirkby and Klaene, {Mark A.} and Knapp, {G. R.} and Kneib, {Jean Paul} and Kochanek, {C. S.} and Lars Koesterke and Kollmeier, {Juna A.} and Kron, {Richard G.} and Hubert Lampeitl and Dustin Lang and Lawler, {James E.} and {Le Goff}, {Jean Marc} and Lee, {Brian L.} and Lee, {Young Sun} and Leisenring, {Jarron M.} and Lin, {Yen Ting} and Jian Liu and Long, {Daniel C.} and Loomis, {Craig P.} and Sara Lucatello and Britt Lundgren and Lupton, {Robert H.} and Bo Ma and Zhibo Ma and Nicholas MacDonald and Claude MacK and Suvrath Mahadevan and Maia, {Marcio A.G.} and Majewski, {Steven R.} and Martin Makler and Elena Malanushenko and Viktor Malanushenko and Rachel Mandelbaum and Claudia Maraston and Daniel Margala and Paul Maseman and Masters, {Karen L.} and McBride, {Cameron K.} and Patrick McDonald and McGreer, {Ian D.} and McMahon, {Richard G.} and {Mena Requejo}, Olga and Brice M{\'e}nard and Jordi Miralda-Escud{\'e} and Morrison, {Heather L.} and Fergal Mullally and Demitri Muna and Hitoshi Murayama and Myers, {Adam D.} and Tracy Naugle and Neto, {Angelo Fausti} and Nguyen, {Duy Cuong} and Nichol, {Robert C.} and Nidever, {David L.} and O'Connell, {Robert W.} and Ogando, {Ricardo L.C.} and Olmstead, {Matthew D.} and Oravetz, {Daniel J.} and Nikhil Padmanabhan and Martin Paegert and Nathalie Palanque-Delabrouille and Kaike Pan and Parul Pandey and Parejko, {John K.} and Isabelle P{\^a}ris and Paulo Pellegrini and Joshua Pepper and Percival, {Will J.} and Patrick Petitjean and Robert Pfaffenberger and Janine Pforr and Stefanie Phleps and Christophe Pichon and Pieri, {Matthew M.} and Francisco Prada and Price-Whelan, {Adrian M.} and Raddick, {M. Jordan} and Ramos, {Beatriz H.F.} and Reid, {I. Neill} and Celine Reyle and James Rich and Richards, {Gordon T.} and Rieke, {George H.} and Rieke, {Marcia J.} and Rix, {Hans Walter} and Robin, {Annie C.} and Rocha-Pinto, {Helio J.} and Rockosi, {Constance M.} and Roe, {Natalie A.} and Emmanuel Rollinde and Ross, {Ashley J.} and Ross, {Nicholas P.} and Bruno Rossetto and Snchez, {Ariel G.} and Basilio Santiago and Conor Sayres and Ricardo Schiavon and Schlegel, {David J.} and Schlesinger, {Katharine J.} and Schmidt, {Sarah J.} and Schneider, {Donald P.} and Kris Sellgren and Alaina Shelden and Erin Sheldon and Matthew Shetrone and Yiping Shu and Silverman, {John D.} and Jennifer Simmerer and Simmons, {Audrey E.} and Thirupathi Sivarani and Skrutskie, {M. F.} and Ane Slosar and Stephen Smee and Smith, {Verne V.} and Snedden, {Stephanie A.} and Stassun, {Keivan G.} and Oliver Steele and Matthias Steinmetz and Stockett, {Mark H.} and Todd Stollberg and Strauss, {Michael A.} and Szalay, {Alexander S.} and Masayuki Tanaka and Thakar, {Aniruddha R.} and Daniel Thomas and Tinker, {Jeremy L.} and Tofflemire, {Benjamin M.} and Rita Tojeiro and Tremonti, {Christy A.} and {Vargas Mag{\~a}a}, Mariana and Licia Verde and Vogt, {Nicole P.} and Wake, {David A.} and Xiaoke Wan and Ji Wang and Weaver, {Benjamin A.} and Martin White and White, {Simon D.M.} and Wilson, {John C.} and Wisniewski, {John P.} and Wood-Vasey, {W. Michael} and Brian Yanny and Naoki Yasuda and Christophe Y{\`e}che and York, {Donald G.} and Erick Young and Gail Zasowski and Idit Zehavi and Bo Zhao",
year = "2011",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1088/0004-6256/142/3/72",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "142",
journal = "Astronomical Journal",
issn = "0004-6256",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
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}

Eisenstein, DJ, Weinberg, DH, Agol, E, Aihara, H, Allende Prieto, C, Anderson, SF, Arns, JA, Aubourg, E, Bailey, S, Balbinot, E, Barkhouser, R, Beers, TC, Berlind, AA, Bickerton, SJ, Bizyaev, D, Blanton, MR, Bochanski, JJ, Bolton, AS, Bosman, CT, Bovy, J, Brandt, WN, Breslauer, B, Brewington, HJ, Brinkmann, J, Brown, PJ, Brownstein, JR, Burger, D, Busca, NG, Campbell, H, Cargile, PA, Carithers, WC, Carlberg, JK, Carr, MA, Chang, L, Chen, Y, Chiappini, C, Comparat, J, Connolly, N, Cortes, M, Croft, RAC, Cunha, K, Da Costa, LN, Davenport, JRA, Dawson, K, De Lee, N, Porto De Mello, GF, De Simoni, F, Dean, J, Dhital, S, Ealet, A, Ebelke, GL, Edmondson, EM, Eiting, JM, Escoffier, S, Esposito, M, Evans, ML, Fan, X, Femenía Castell, B, Dutra Ferreira, L, Fitzgerald, G, Fleming, SW, Font-Ribera, A, Ford, EB, Frinchaboy, PM, García Pérez, AE, Gaudi, BS, Ge, J, Ghezzi, L, Gillespie, BA, Gilmore, G, Girardi, L, Gott, JR, Gould, A, Grebel, EK, Gunn, JE, Hamilton, JC, Harding, P, Harris, DW, Hawley, SL, Hearty, FR, Hennawi, JF, Gonzlez Hernndez, JI, Ho, S, Hogg, DW, Holtzman, JA, Honscheid, K, Inada, N, Ivans, II, Jiang, L, Jiang, P, Johnson, JA, Jordan, C, Jordan, WP, Kauffmann, G, Kazin, E, Kirkby, D, Klaene, MA, Knapp, GR, Kneib, JP, Kochanek, CS, Koesterke, L, Kollmeier, JA, Kron, RG, Lampeitl, H, Lang, D, Lawler, JE, Le Goff, JM, Lee, BL, Lee, YS, Leisenring, JM, Lin, YT, Liu, J, Long, DC, Loomis, CP, Lucatello, S, Lundgren, B, Lupton, RH, Ma, B, Ma, Z, MacDonald, N, MacK, C, Mahadevan, S, Maia, MAG, Majewski, SR, Makler, M, Malanushenko, E, Malanushenko, V, Mandelbaum, R, Maraston, C, Margala, D, Maseman, P, Masters, KL, McBride, CK, McDonald, P, McGreer, ID, McMahon, RG, Mena Requejo, O, Ménard, B, Miralda-Escudé, J, Morrison, HL, Mullally, F, Muna, D, Murayama, H, Myers, AD, Naugle, T, Neto, AF, Nguyen, DC, Nichol, RC, Nidever, DL, O'Connell, RW, Ogando, RLC, Olmstead, MD, Oravetz, DJ, Padmanabhan, N, Paegert, M, Palanque-Delabrouille, N, Pan, K, Pandey, P, Parejko, JK, Pâris, I, Pellegrini, P, Pepper, J, Percival, WJ, Petitjean, P, Pfaffenberger, R, Pforr, J, Phleps, S, Pichon, C, Pieri, MM, Prada, F, Price-Whelan, AM, Raddick, MJ, Ramos, BHF, Reid, IN, Reyle, C, Rich, J, Richards, GT, Rieke, GH, Rieke, MJ, Rix, HW, Robin, AC, Rocha-Pinto, HJ, Rockosi, CM, Roe, NA, Rollinde, E, Ross, AJ, Ross, NP, Rossetto, B, Snchez, AG, Santiago, B, Sayres, C, Schiavon, R, Schlegel, DJ, Schlesinger, KJ, Schmidt, SJ, Schneider, DP, Sellgren, K, Shelden, A, Sheldon, E, Shetrone, M, Shu, Y, Silverman, JD, Simmerer, J, Simmons, AE, Sivarani, T, Skrutskie, MF, Slosar, A, Smee, S, Smith, VV, Snedden, SA, Stassun, KG, Steele, O, Steinmetz, M, Stockett, MH, Stollberg, T, Strauss, MA, Szalay, AS, Tanaka, M, Thakar, AR, Thomas, D, Tinker, JL, Tofflemire, BM, Tojeiro, R, Tremonti, CA, Vargas Magãa, M, Verde, L, Vogt, NP, Wake, DA, Wan, X, Wang, J, Weaver, BA, White, M, White, SDM, Wilson, JC, Wisniewski, JP, Wood-Vasey, WM, Yanny, B, Yasuda, N, Yèche, C, York, DG, Young, E, Zasowski, G, Zehavi, I & Zhao, B 2011, 'SDSS-III: Massive spectroscopic surveys of the distant Universe, the MILKY WAY, and extra-solar planetary systems', Astronomical Journal, vol. 142, no. 3, 72. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-6256/142/3/72

SDSS-III : Massive spectroscopic surveys of the distant Universe, the MILKY WAY, and extra-solar planetary systems. / Eisenstein, Daniel J.; Weinberg, David H.; Agol, Eric; Aihara, Hiroaki; Allende Prieto, Carlos; Anderson, Scott F.; Arns, James A.; Aubourg, Eric; Bailey, Stephen; Balbinot, Eduardo; Barkhouser, Robert; Beers, Timothy C.; Berlind, Andreas A.; Bickerton, Steven J.; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Blanton, Michael R.; Bochanski, John J.; Bolton, Adam S.; Bosman, Casey T.; Bovy, Jo; Brandt, W. N.; Breslauer, Ben; Brewington, Howard J.; Brinkmann, J.; Brown, Peter J.; Brownstein, Joel R.; Burger, Dan; Busca, Nicolas G.; Campbell, Heather; Cargile, Phillip A.; Carithers, William C.; Carlberg, Joleen K.; Carr, Michael A.; Chang, Liang; Chen, Yanmei; Chiappini, Cristina; Comparat, Johan; Connolly, Natalia; Cortes, Marina; Croft, Rupert A.C.; Cunha, Katia; Da Costa, Luiz N.; Davenport, James R.A.; Dawson, Kyle; De Lee, Nathan; Porto De Mello, Gustavo F.; De Simoni, Fernando; Dean, Janice; Dhital, Saurav; Ealet, Anne; Ebelke, Garrett L.; Edmondson, Edward M.; Eiting, Jacob M.; Escoffier, Stephanie; Esposito, Massimiliano; Evans, Michael L.; Fan, Xiaohui; Femenía Castell, Bruno; Dutra Ferreira, Leticia; Fitzgerald, Greg; Fleming, Scott W.; Font-Ribera, Andreu; Ford, Eric B.; Frinchaboy, Peter M.; García Pérez, Ana Elia; Gaudi, B. Scott; Ge, Jian; Ghezzi, Luan; Gillespie, Bruce A.; Gilmore, G.; Girardi, Léo; Gott, J. Richard; Gould, Andrew; Grebel, Eva K.; Gunn, James E.; Hamilton, Jean Christophe; Harding, Paul; Harris, David W.; Hawley, Suzanne L.; Hearty, Frederick R.; Hennawi, Joseph F.; Gonzlez Hernndez, Jonay I.; Ho, Shirley; Hogg, David W.; Holtzman, Jon A.; Honscheid, Klaus; Inada, Naohisa; Ivans, Inese I.; Jiang, Linhua; Jiang, Peng; Johnson, Jennifer A.; Jordan, Cathy; Jordan, Wendell P.; Kauffmann, Guinevere; Kazin, Eyal; Kirkby, David; Klaene, Mark A.; Knapp, G. R.; Kneib, Jean Paul; Kochanek, C. S.; Koesterke, Lars; Kollmeier, Juna A.; Kron, Richard G.; Lampeitl, Hubert; Lang, Dustin; Lawler, James E.; Le Goff, Jean Marc; Lee, Brian L.; Lee, Young Sun; Leisenring, Jarron M.; Lin, Yen Ting; Liu, Jian; Long, Daniel C.; Loomis, Craig P.; Lucatello, Sara; Lundgren, Britt; Lupton, Robert H.; Ma, Bo; Ma, Zhibo; MacDonald, Nicholas; MacK, Claude; Mahadevan, Suvrath; Maia, Marcio A.G.; Majewski, Steven R.; Makler, Martin; Malanushenko, Elena; Malanushenko, Viktor; Mandelbaum, Rachel; Maraston, Claudia; Margala, Daniel; Maseman, Paul; Masters, Karen L.; McBride, Cameron K.; McDonald, Patrick; McGreer, Ian D.; McMahon, Richard G.; Mena Requejo, Olga; Ménard, Brice; Miralda-Escudé, Jordi; Morrison, Heather L.; Mullally, Fergal; Muna, Demitri; Murayama, Hitoshi; Myers, Adam D.; Naugle, Tracy; Neto, Angelo Fausti; Nguyen, Duy Cuong; Nichol, Robert C.; Nidever, David L.; O'Connell, Robert W.; Ogando, Ricardo L.C.; Olmstead, Matthew D.; Oravetz, Daniel J.; Padmanabhan, Nikhil; Paegert, Martin; Palanque-Delabrouille, Nathalie; Pan, Kaike; Pandey, Parul; Parejko, John K.; Pâris, Isabelle; Pellegrini, Paulo; Pepper, Joshua; Percival, Will J.; Petitjean, Patrick; Pfaffenberger, Robert; Pforr, Janine; Phleps, Stefanie; Pichon, Christophe; Pieri, Matthew M.; Prada, Francisco; Price-Whelan, Adrian M.; Raddick, M. Jordan; Ramos, Beatriz H.F.; Reid, I. Neill; Reyle, Celine; Rich, James; Richards, Gordon T.; Rieke, George H.; Rieke, Marcia J.; Rix, Hans Walter; Robin, Annie C.; Rocha-Pinto, Helio J.; Rockosi, Constance M.; Roe, Natalie A.; Rollinde, Emmanuel; Ross, Ashley J.; Ross, Nicholas P.; Rossetto, Bruno; Snchez, Ariel G.; Santiago, Basilio; Sayres, Conor; Schiavon, Ricardo; Schlegel, David J.; Schlesinger, Katharine J.; Schmidt, Sarah J.; Schneider, Donald P.; Sellgren, Kris; Shelden, Alaina; Sheldon, Erin; Shetrone, Matthew; Shu, Yiping; Silverman, John D.; Simmerer, Jennifer; Simmons, Audrey E.; Sivarani, Thirupathi; Skrutskie, M. F.; Slosar, Ane; Smee, Stephen; Smith, Verne V.; Snedden, Stephanie A.; Stassun, Keivan G.; Steele, Oliver; Steinmetz, Matthias; Stockett, Mark H.; Stollberg, Todd; Strauss, Michael A.; Szalay, Alexander S.; Tanaka, Masayuki; Thakar, Aniruddha R.; Thomas, Daniel; Tinker, Jeremy L.; Tofflemire, Benjamin M.; Tojeiro, Rita; Tremonti, Christy A.; Vargas Magãa, Mariana; Verde, Licia; Vogt, Nicole P.; Wake, David A.; Wan, Xiaoke; Wang, Ji; Weaver, Benjamin A.; White, Martin; White, Simon D.M.; Wilson, John C.; Wisniewski, John P.; Wood-Vasey, W. Michael; Yanny, Brian; Yasuda, Naoki; Yèche, Christophe; York, Donald G.; Young, Erick; Zasowski, Gail; Zehavi, Idit; Zhao, Bo.

In: Astronomical Journal, Vol. 142, No. 3, 72, 09.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - SDSS-III

T2 - Massive spectroscopic surveys of the distant Universe, the MILKY WAY, and extra-solar planetary systems

AU - Eisenstein, Daniel J.

AU - Weinberg, David H.

AU - Agol, Eric

AU - Aihara, Hiroaki

AU - Allende Prieto, Carlos

AU - Anderson, Scott F.

AU - Arns, James A.

AU - Aubourg, Eric

AU - Bailey, Stephen

AU - Balbinot, Eduardo

AU - Barkhouser, Robert

AU - Beers, Timothy C.

AU - Berlind, Andreas A.

AU - Bickerton, Steven J.

AU - Bizyaev, Dmitry

AU - Blanton, Michael R.

AU - Bochanski, John J.

AU - Bolton, Adam S.

AU - Bosman, Casey T.

AU - Bovy, Jo

AU - Brandt, W. N.

AU - Breslauer, Ben

AU - Brewington, Howard J.

AU - Brinkmann, J.

AU - Brown, Peter J.

AU - Brownstein, Joel R.

AU - Burger, Dan

AU - Busca, Nicolas G.

AU - Campbell, Heather

AU - Cargile, Phillip A.

AU - Carithers, William C.

AU - Carlberg, Joleen K.

AU - Carr, Michael A.

AU - Chang, Liang

AU - Chen, Yanmei

AU - Chiappini, Cristina

AU - Comparat, Johan

AU - Connolly, Natalia

AU - Cortes, Marina

AU - Croft, Rupert A.C.

AU - Cunha, Katia

AU - Da Costa, Luiz N.

AU - Davenport, James R.A.

AU - Dawson, Kyle

AU - De Lee, Nathan

AU - Porto De Mello, Gustavo F.

AU - De Simoni, Fernando

AU - Dean, Janice

AU - Dhital, Saurav

AU - Ealet, Anne

AU - Ebelke, Garrett L.

AU - Edmondson, Edward M.

AU - Eiting, Jacob M.

AU - Escoffier, Stephanie

AU - Esposito, Massimiliano

AU - Evans, Michael L.

AU - Fan, Xiaohui

AU - Femenía Castell, Bruno

AU - Dutra Ferreira, Leticia

AU - Fitzgerald, Greg

AU - Fleming, Scott W.

AU - Font-Ribera, Andreu

AU - Ford, Eric B.

AU - Frinchaboy, Peter M.

AU - García Pérez, Ana Elia

AU - Gaudi, B. Scott

AU - Ge, Jian

AU - Ghezzi, Luan

AU - Gillespie, Bruce A.

AU - Gilmore, G.

AU - Girardi, Léo

AU - Gott, J. Richard

AU - Gould, Andrew

AU - Grebel, Eva K.

AU - Gunn, James E.

AU - Hamilton, Jean Christophe

AU - Harding, Paul

AU - Harris, David W.

AU - Hawley, Suzanne L.

AU - Hearty, Frederick R.

AU - Hennawi, Joseph F.

AU - Gonzlez Hernndez, Jonay I.

AU - Ho, Shirley

AU - Hogg, David W.

AU - Holtzman, Jon A.

AU - Honscheid, Klaus

AU - Inada, Naohisa

AU - Ivans, Inese I.

AU - Jiang, Linhua

AU - Jiang, Peng

AU - Johnson, Jennifer A.

AU - Jordan, Cathy

AU - Jordan, Wendell P.

AU - Kauffmann, Guinevere

AU - Kazin, Eyal

AU - Kirkby, David

AU - Klaene, Mark A.

AU - Knapp, G. R.

AU - Kneib, Jean Paul

AU - Kochanek, C. S.

AU - Koesterke, Lars

AU - Kollmeier, Juna A.

AU - Kron, Richard G.

AU - Lampeitl, Hubert

AU - Lang, Dustin

AU - Lawler, James E.

AU - Le Goff, Jean Marc

AU - Lee, Brian L.

AU - Lee, Young Sun

AU - Leisenring, Jarron M.

AU - Lin, Yen Ting

AU - Liu, Jian

AU - Long, Daniel C.

AU - Loomis, Craig P.

AU - Lucatello, Sara

AU - Lundgren, Britt

AU - Lupton, Robert H.

AU - Ma, Bo

AU - Ma, Zhibo

AU - MacDonald, Nicholas

AU - MacK, Claude

AU - Mahadevan, Suvrath

AU - Maia, Marcio A.G.

AU - Majewski, Steven R.

AU - Makler, Martin

AU - Malanushenko, Elena

AU - Malanushenko, Viktor

AU - Mandelbaum, Rachel

AU - Maraston, Claudia

AU - Margala, Daniel

AU - Maseman, Paul

AU - Masters, Karen L.

AU - McBride, Cameron K.

AU - McDonald, Patrick

AU - McGreer, Ian D.

AU - McMahon, Richard G.

AU - Mena Requejo, Olga

AU - Ménard, Brice

AU - Miralda-Escudé, Jordi

AU - Morrison, Heather L.

AU - Mullally, Fergal

AU - Muna, Demitri

AU - Murayama, Hitoshi

AU - Myers, Adam D.

AU - Naugle, Tracy

AU - Neto, Angelo Fausti

AU - Nguyen, Duy Cuong

AU - Nichol, Robert C.

AU - Nidever, David L.

AU - O'Connell, Robert W.

AU - Ogando, Ricardo L.C.

AU - Olmstead, Matthew D.

AU - Oravetz, Daniel J.

AU - Padmanabhan, Nikhil

AU - Paegert, Martin

AU - Palanque-Delabrouille, Nathalie

AU - Pan, Kaike

AU - Pandey, Parul

AU - Parejko, John K.

AU - Pâris, Isabelle

AU - Pellegrini, Paulo

AU - Pepper, Joshua

AU - Percival, Will J.

AU - Petitjean, Patrick

AU - Pfaffenberger, Robert

AU - Pforr, Janine

AU - Phleps, Stefanie

AU - Pichon, Christophe

AU - Pieri, Matthew M.

AU - Prada, Francisco

AU - Price-Whelan, Adrian M.

AU - Raddick, M. Jordan

AU - Ramos, Beatriz H.F.

AU - Reid, I. Neill

AU - Reyle, Celine

AU - Rich, James

AU - Richards, Gordon T.

AU - Rieke, George H.

AU - Rieke, Marcia J.

AU - Rix, Hans Walter

AU - Robin, Annie C.

AU - Rocha-Pinto, Helio J.

AU - Rockosi, Constance M.

AU - Roe, Natalie A.

AU - Rollinde, Emmanuel

AU - Ross, Ashley J.

AU - Ross, Nicholas P.

AU - Rossetto, Bruno

AU - Snchez, Ariel G.

AU - Santiago, Basilio

AU - Sayres, Conor

AU - Schiavon, Ricardo

AU - Schlegel, David J.

AU - Schlesinger, Katharine J.

AU - Schmidt, Sarah J.

AU - Schneider, Donald P.

AU - Sellgren, Kris

AU - Shelden, Alaina

AU - Sheldon, Erin

AU - Shetrone, Matthew

AU - Shu, Yiping

AU - Silverman, John D.

AU - Simmerer, Jennifer

AU - Simmons, Audrey E.

AU - Sivarani, Thirupathi

AU - Skrutskie, M. F.

AU - Slosar, Ane

AU - Smee, Stephen

AU - Smith, Verne V.

AU - Snedden, Stephanie A.

AU - Stassun, Keivan G.

AU - Steele, Oliver

AU - Steinmetz, Matthias

AU - Stockett, Mark H.

AU - Stollberg, Todd

AU - Strauss, Michael A.

AU - Szalay, Alexander S.

AU - Tanaka, Masayuki

AU - Thakar, Aniruddha R.

AU - Thomas, Daniel

AU - Tinker, Jeremy L.

AU - Tofflemire, Benjamin M.

AU - Tojeiro, Rita

AU - Tremonti, Christy A.

AU - Vargas Magãa, Mariana

AU - Verde, Licia

AU - Vogt, Nicole P.

AU - Wake, David A.

AU - Wan, Xiaoke

AU - Wang, Ji

AU - Weaver, Benjamin A.

AU - White, Martin

AU - White, Simon D.M.

AU - Wilson, John C.

AU - Wisniewski, John P.

AU - Wood-Vasey, W. Michael

AU - Yanny, Brian

AU - Yasuda, Naoki

AU - Yèche, Christophe

AU - York, Donald G.

AU - Young, Erick

AU - Zasowski, Gail

AU - Zehavi, Idit

AU - Zhao, Bo

PY - 2011/9

Y1 - 2011/9

N2 - Building on the legacy of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-I and II), SDSS-III is a program of four spectroscopic surveys on three scientific themes: dark energy and cosmological parameters, the history and structure of the Milky Way, and the population of giant planets around other stars. In keeping with SDSS tradition, SDSS-III will provide regular public releases of all its data, beginning with SDSS Data Release 8 (DR8), which was made public in 2011 January and includes SDSS-I and SDSS-II images and spectra reprocessed with the latest pipelines and calibrations produced for the SDSS-III investigations. This paper presents an overview of the four surveys that comprise SDSS-III. The Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey will measure redshifts of 1.5 million massive galaxies and Lyα forest spectra of 150,000 quasars, using the baryon acoustic oscillation feature of large-scale structure to obtain percent-level determinations of the distance scale and Hubble expansion rate at z < 0.7 and at z ≈ 2.5. SEGUE-2, an already completed SDSS-III survey that is the continuation of the SDSS-II Sloan Extension for Galactic Understanding and Exploration (SEGUE), measured medium-resolution (R = λ/Δλ 1800) optical spectra of 118,000 stars in a variety of target categories, probing chemical evolution, stellar kinematics and substructure, and the mass profile of the dark matter halo from the solar neighborhood to distances of 100 kpc. APOGEE, the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment, will obtain high-resolution (R 30,000), high signal-to-noise ratio (S/N ≥ 100 per resolution element), H-band (1.51 μm < λ < 1.70 μm) spectra of 105 evolved, late-type stars, measuring separate abundances for 15 elements per star and creating the first high-precision spectroscopic survey of all Galactic stellar populations (bulge, bar, disks, halo) with a uniform set of stellar tracers and spectral diagnostics. The Multi-object APO Radial Velocity Exoplanet Large-area Survey (MARVELS) will monitor radial velocities of more than 8000 FGK stars with the sensitivity and cadence (10-40 m s -1, 24 visits per star) needed to detect giant planets with periods up to two years, providing an unprecedented data set for understanding the formation and dynamical evolution of giant planet systems. As of 2011 January, SDSS-III has obtained spectra of more than 240,000 galaxies, 29,000 z ≥ 2.2 quasars, and 140,000 stars, including 74,000 velocity measurements of 2580 stars for MARVELS.

AB - Building on the legacy of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-I and II), SDSS-III is a program of four spectroscopic surveys on three scientific themes: dark energy and cosmological parameters, the history and structure of the Milky Way, and the population of giant planets around other stars. In keeping with SDSS tradition, SDSS-III will provide regular public releases of all its data, beginning with SDSS Data Release 8 (DR8), which was made public in 2011 January and includes SDSS-I and SDSS-II images and spectra reprocessed with the latest pipelines and calibrations produced for the SDSS-III investigations. This paper presents an overview of the four surveys that comprise SDSS-III. The Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey will measure redshifts of 1.5 million massive galaxies and Lyα forest spectra of 150,000 quasars, using the baryon acoustic oscillation feature of large-scale structure to obtain percent-level determinations of the distance scale and Hubble expansion rate at z < 0.7 and at z ≈ 2.5. SEGUE-2, an already completed SDSS-III survey that is the continuation of the SDSS-II Sloan Extension for Galactic Understanding and Exploration (SEGUE), measured medium-resolution (R = λ/Δλ 1800) optical spectra of 118,000 stars in a variety of target categories, probing chemical evolution, stellar kinematics and substructure, and the mass profile of the dark matter halo from the solar neighborhood to distances of 100 kpc. APOGEE, the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment, will obtain high-resolution (R 30,000), high signal-to-noise ratio (S/N ≥ 100 per resolution element), H-band (1.51 μm < λ < 1.70 μm) spectra of 105 evolved, late-type stars, measuring separate abundances for 15 elements per star and creating the first high-precision spectroscopic survey of all Galactic stellar populations (bulge, bar, disks, halo) with a uniform set of stellar tracers and spectral diagnostics. The Multi-object APO Radial Velocity Exoplanet Large-area Survey (MARVELS) will monitor radial velocities of more than 8000 FGK stars with the sensitivity and cadence (10-40 m s -1, 24 visits per star) needed to detect giant planets with periods up to two years, providing an unprecedented data set for understanding the formation and dynamical evolution of giant planet systems. As of 2011 January, SDSS-III has obtained spectra of more than 240,000 galaxies, 29,000 z ≥ 2.2 quasars, and 140,000 stars, including 74,000 velocity measurements of 2580 stars for MARVELS.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80052767135&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=80052767135&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/0004-6256/142/3/72

DO - 10.1088/0004-6256/142/3/72

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:80052767135

VL - 142

JO - Astronomical Journal

JF - Astronomical Journal

SN - 0004-6256

IS - 3

M1 - 72

ER -