Seafloor hydrothermal activity and spreading rates: the eocene carbon dioxide greenhouse revisited

James Kasting, Steven M. Richardson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A suggestion has been made that enhanced rates of hydrothermal activity during the Eocene could have caused a global warming by adding calcium to the ocean and pumping CO2 into the atmosphere (Owen and Rea, 1984). This phenomenon was purported to be consistent with the predictions of the CO2 geochemical cycle model of Berner, Lasaga and Garrels (1983) (henceforth BLAG). In fact, however, the BLAG model predicts only a weak connection between hydrothermal activity and atmospheric CO2 levels. By contrast, it predicts a strong correlation between seafloor spreading rates and pCO2, since the release rate of CO2 from carbonate metamorphism is assumed to be proportional to the mean spreading rate. The Eocene warming can be conveniently explained if the BLAG model is extended by assuming that the rate of carbonate metamorphism is also proportional to the total length of the midocean ridges from which the spreading originates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2541-2544
Number of pages4
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume49
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1985

Fingerprint

Greenhouses
hydrothermal activity
Carbon Dioxide
Eocene
seafloor
carbon dioxide
Carbonates
Global warming
metamorphism
geochemical cycle
carbonate
seafloor spreading
Calcium
global warming
pumping
warming
calcium
rate
atmosphere
ocean

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

@article{45ddf88b8b204e089e575651ff435dd2,
title = "Seafloor hydrothermal activity and spreading rates: the eocene carbon dioxide greenhouse revisited",
abstract = "A suggestion has been made that enhanced rates of hydrothermal activity during the Eocene could have caused a global warming by adding calcium to the ocean and pumping CO2 into the atmosphere (Owen and Rea, 1984). This phenomenon was purported to be consistent with the predictions of the CO2 geochemical cycle model of Berner, Lasaga and Garrels (1983) (henceforth BLAG). In fact, however, the BLAG model predicts only a weak connection between hydrothermal activity and atmospheric CO2 levels. By contrast, it predicts a strong correlation between seafloor spreading rates and pCO2, since the release rate of CO2 from carbonate metamorphism is assumed to be proportional to the mean spreading rate. The Eocene warming can be conveniently explained if the BLAG model is extended by assuming that the rate of carbonate metamorphism is also proportional to the total length of the midocean ridges from which the spreading originates.",
author = "James Kasting and Richardson, {Steven M.}",
year = "1985",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/0016-7037(85)90122-X",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "49",
pages = "2541--2544",
journal = "Geochmica et Cosmochimica Acta",
issn = "0016-7037",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "12",

}

Seafloor hydrothermal activity and spreading rates : the eocene carbon dioxide greenhouse revisited. / Kasting, James; Richardson, Steven M.

In: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 49, No. 12, 01.01.1985, p. 2541-2544.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Seafloor hydrothermal activity and spreading rates

T2 - the eocene carbon dioxide greenhouse revisited

AU - Kasting, James

AU - Richardson, Steven M.

PY - 1985/1/1

Y1 - 1985/1/1

N2 - A suggestion has been made that enhanced rates of hydrothermal activity during the Eocene could have caused a global warming by adding calcium to the ocean and pumping CO2 into the atmosphere (Owen and Rea, 1984). This phenomenon was purported to be consistent with the predictions of the CO2 geochemical cycle model of Berner, Lasaga and Garrels (1983) (henceforth BLAG). In fact, however, the BLAG model predicts only a weak connection between hydrothermal activity and atmospheric CO2 levels. By contrast, it predicts a strong correlation between seafloor spreading rates and pCO2, since the release rate of CO2 from carbonate metamorphism is assumed to be proportional to the mean spreading rate. The Eocene warming can be conveniently explained if the BLAG model is extended by assuming that the rate of carbonate metamorphism is also proportional to the total length of the midocean ridges from which the spreading originates.

AB - A suggestion has been made that enhanced rates of hydrothermal activity during the Eocene could have caused a global warming by adding calcium to the ocean and pumping CO2 into the atmosphere (Owen and Rea, 1984). This phenomenon was purported to be consistent with the predictions of the CO2 geochemical cycle model of Berner, Lasaga and Garrels (1983) (henceforth BLAG). In fact, however, the BLAG model predicts only a weak connection between hydrothermal activity and atmospheric CO2 levels. By contrast, it predicts a strong correlation between seafloor spreading rates and pCO2, since the release rate of CO2 from carbonate metamorphism is assumed to be proportional to the mean spreading rate. The Eocene warming can be conveniently explained if the BLAG model is extended by assuming that the rate of carbonate metamorphism is also proportional to the total length of the midocean ridges from which the spreading originates.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0022266463&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0022266463&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0016-7037(85)90122-X

DO - 10.1016/0016-7037(85)90122-X

M3 - Article

C2 - 11539654

AN - SCOPUS:0022266463

VL - 49

SP - 2541

EP - 2544

JO - Geochmica et Cosmochimica Acta

JF - Geochmica et Cosmochimica Acta

SN - 0016-7037

IS - 12

ER -