SEARCH for BLAZAR FLUX-CORRELATED TEV NEUTRINOS in ICECUBE 40-STRING DATA

C. F. Turley, D. B. Fox, K. Murase, A. Falcone, M. Barnaba, S. Coutu, D. F. Cowen, G. Filippatos, C. Hanna, A. Keivani, C. Messick, P. Mészáros, M. Mostafá, F. Oikonomou, I. Shoemaker, M. Toomey, G. Tešić

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We present a targeted search for blazar flux-correlated high-energy (en ϵ >1 TeV) neutrinos from six bright northern blazars, using the public database of northern hemisphere neutrinos detected during IC40 40-string operations of the IceCube neutrino observatory (2008 April to 2009 May). Our six targeted blazars are subjects of long-term monitoring campaigns by the VERITAS TeV γ-ray observatory. We use the publicly available VERITAS light curves to identify periods of excess and flaring emission. These predefined intervals serve as our active temporal windows in a search for an excess of neutrinos, relative to Poisson fluctuations of the near-isotropic atmospheric neutrino background, which dominates at these energies. After defining the parameters of an optimized search, we confirm the expected Poisson behavior with Monte Carlo simulations prior to testing for excess neutrinos in the actual data. We make two searches: one for excess neutrinos associated with the bright flares of Mrk 421 that occurred during the IC40 run, and one for excess neutrinos associated with the brightest emission periods of five other blazars (Mrk 501, 1ES 0806+524, 1ES 1218+304, 3C 66A, and WComae), all significantly fainter than the Mrk 421 flares. We find no significant excess of neutrinos from the preselected blazar directions during the selected temporal windows. We derive 90% confidence upper limits on the number of expected flux-associated neutrinos from each search. These limits are consistent with previous point-source searches and Fermi GeV fluxcorrelated searches. Our upper limits are sufficiently close to the physically interesting regime that we anticipate that future analyses using already-collected data will either constrain models or yield discovery of the first blazarassociated high-energy neutrinos.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number117
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume833
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 10 2016

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neutrinos
observatory
energy
blazars
point source
Northern Hemisphere
monitoring
flares
observatories
simulation
point sources
light curve
confidence
rays
strings
intervals
parameter
public
flaring

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Turley, C. F. ; Fox, D. B. ; Murase, K. ; Falcone, A. ; Barnaba, M. ; Coutu, S. ; Cowen, D. F. ; Filippatos, G. ; Hanna, C. ; Keivani, A. ; Messick, C. ; Mészáros, P. ; Mostafá, M. ; Oikonomou, F. ; Shoemaker, I. ; Toomey, M. ; Tešić, G. / SEARCH for BLAZAR FLUX-CORRELATED TEV NEUTRINOS in ICECUBE 40-STRING DATA. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2016 ; Vol. 833, No. 1.
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Turley, CF, Fox, DB, Murase, K, Falcone, A, Barnaba, M, Coutu, S, Cowen, DF, Filippatos, G, Hanna, C, Keivani, A, Messick, C, Mészáros, P, Mostafá, M, Oikonomou, F, Shoemaker, I, Toomey, M & Tešić, G 2016, 'SEARCH for BLAZAR FLUX-CORRELATED TEV NEUTRINOS in ICECUBE 40-STRING DATA', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 833, no. 1, 117. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/833/1/117

SEARCH for BLAZAR FLUX-CORRELATED TEV NEUTRINOS in ICECUBE 40-STRING DATA. / Turley, C. F.; Fox, D. B.; Murase, K.; Falcone, A.; Barnaba, M.; Coutu, S.; Cowen, D. F.; Filippatos, G.; Hanna, C.; Keivani, A.; Messick, C.; Mészáros, P.; Mostafá, M.; Oikonomou, F.; Shoemaker, I.; Toomey, M.; Tešić, G.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 833, No. 1, 117, 10.12.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - SEARCH for BLAZAR FLUX-CORRELATED TEV NEUTRINOS in ICECUBE 40-STRING DATA

AU - Turley, C. F.

AU - Fox, D. B.

AU - Murase, K.

AU - Falcone, A.

AU - Barnaba, M.

AU - Coutu, S.

AU - Cowen, D. F.

AU - Filippatos, G.

AU - Hanna, C.

AU - Keivani, A.

AU - Messick, C.

AU - Mészáros, P.

AU - Mostafá, M.

AU - Oikonomou, F.

AU - Shoemaker, I.

AU - Toomey, M.

AU - Tešić, G.

PY - 2016/12/10

Y1 - 2016/12/10

N2 - We present a targeted search for blazar flux-correlated high-energy (en ϵ >1 TeV) neutrinos from six bright northern blazars, using the public database of northern hemisphere neutrinos detected during IC40 40-string operations of the IceCube neutrino observatory (2008 April to 2009 May). Our six targeted blazars are subjects of long-term monitoring campaigns by the VERITAS TeV γ-ray observatory. We use the publicly available VERITAS light curves to identify periods of excess and flaring emission. These predefined intervals serve as our active temporal windows in a search for an excess of neutrinos, relative to Poisson fluctuations of the near-isotropic atmospheric neutrino background, which dominates at these energies. After defining the parameters of an optimized search, we confirm the expected Poisson behavior with Monte Carlo simulations prior to testing for excess neutrinos in the actual data. We make two searches: one for excess neutrinos associated with the bright flares of Mrk 421 that occurred during the IC40 run, and one for excess neutrinos associated with the brightest emission periods of five other blazars (Mrk 501, 1ES 0806+524, 1ES 1218+304, 3C 66A, and WComae), all significantly fainter than the Mrk 421 flares. We find no significant excess of neutrinos from the preselected blazar directions during the selected temporal windows. We derive 90% confidence upper limits on the number of expected flux-associated neutrinos from each search. These limits are consistent with previous point-source searches and Fermi GeV fluxcorrelated searches. Our upper limits are sufficiently close to the physically interesting regime that we anticipate that future analyses using already-collected data will either constrain models or yield discovery of the first blazarassociated high-energy neutrinos.

AB - We present a targeted search for blazar flux-correlated high-energy (en ϵ >1 TeV) neutrinos from six bright northern blazars, using the public database of northern hemisphere neutrinos detected during IC40 40-string operations of the IceCube neutrino observatory (2008 April to 2009 May). Our six targeted blazars are subjects of long-term monitoring campaigns by the VERITAS TeV γ-ray observatory. We use the publicly available VERITAS light curves to identify periods of excess and flaring emission. These predefined intervals serve as our active temporal windows in a search for an excess of neutrinos, relative to Poisson fluctuations of the near-isotropic atmospheric neutrino background, which dominates at these energies. After defining the parameters of an optimized search, we confirm the expected Poisson behavior with Monte Carlo simulations prior to testing for excess neutrinos in the actual data. We make two searches: one for excess neutrinos associated with the bright flares of Mrk 421 that occurred during the IC40 run, and one for excess neutrinos associated with the brightest emission periods of five other blazars (Mrk 501, 1ES 0806+524, 1ES 1218+304, 3C 66A, and WComae), all significantly fainter than the Mrk 421 flares. We find no significant excess of neutrinos from the preselected blazar directions during the selected temporal windows. We derive 90% confidence upper limits on the number of expected flux-associated neutrinos from each search. These limits are consistent with previous point-source searches and Fermi GeV fluxcorrelated searches. Our upper limits are sufficiently close to the physically interesting regime that we anticipate that future analyses using already-collected data will either constrain models or yield discovery of the first blazarassociated high-energy neutrinos.

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