Search for transient optical counterparts to high-energy IceCube neutrinos with Pan-STARRS1

E. Kankare, M. Huber, S. J. Smartt, K. Chambers, K. W. Smith, O. McBrien, T. W. Chen, H. Flewelling, T. Lowe, E. Magnier, A. Schultz, C. Waters, R. J. Wainscoat, M. Willman, D. Wright, D. Young, M. G. Aartsen, M. Ackermann, J. Adams, J. A. Aguilar & 330 others M. Ahlers, M. Ahrens, C. Alispach, D. Altmann, K. Andeen, Tyler Brooks Anderson, I. Ansseau, G. Anton, C. Argüelles, J. Auffenberg, S. Axani, P. Backes, H. Bagherpour, X. Bai, A. Barbano, S. W. Barwick, V. Baum, R. Bay, J. J. Beatty, K. H. Becker, J. Becker Tjus, S. Benzvi, D. Berley, E. Bernardini, D. Z. Besson, G. Binder, D. Bindig, E. Blaufuss, S. Blot, C. Bohm, M. Börner, S. Böser, O. Botner, E. Bourbeau, J. Bourbeau, F. Bradascio, J. Braun, H. P. Bretz, S. Bron, J. Brostean-Kaiser, A. Burgman, R. S. Busse, T. Carver, C. Chen, E. Cheung, D. Chirkin, K. Clark, L. Classen, G. H. Collin, J. M. Conrad, P. Coppin, P. Correa, Douglas Cowen, R. Cross, P. Dave, J. P.A.M. De André, C. De Clercq, J. J. Delaunay, H. Dembinski, K. Deoskar, S. De Ridder, P. Desiati, K. D. De Vries, G. De Wasseige, M. De With, T. Deyoung, J. C. Díaz-Vélez, H. Dujmovic, M. Dunkman, E. Dvorak, B. Eberhardt, T. Ehrhardt, P. Eller, P. A. Evenson, S. Fahey, A. R. Fazely, J. Felde, K. Filimonov, C. Finley, A. Franckowiak, E. Friedman, A. Fritz, T. K. Gaisser, J. Gallagher, E. Ganster, S. Garrappa, L. Gerhardt, K. Ghorbani, T. Glauch, T. Glüsenkamp, A. Goldschmidt, J. G. Gonzalez, D. Grant, Z. Griffith, M. Gündüz, C. Haack, A. Hallgren, L. Halve, F. Halzen, K. Hanson, D. Hebecker, D. Heereman, K. Helbing, R. Hellauer, F. Henningsen, S. Hickford, J. Hignight, G. C. Hill, K. D. Hoffman, R. Hoffmann, T. Hoinka, B. Hokanson-Fasig, K. Hoshina, F. Huang, M. Huber, K. Hultqvist, M. Hünnefeld, R. Hussain, S. In, N. Iovine, A. Ishihara, E. Jacobi, G. S. Japaridze, M. Jeong, K. Jero, B. J.P. Jones, P. Kalaczynski, W. Kang, A. Kappes, D. Kappesser, T. Karg, M. Karl, A. Karle, U. Katz, M. Kauer, A. Keivani, J. L. Kelley, A. Kheirandish, J. Kim, T. Kintscher, J. Kiryluk, T. Kittler, S. R. Klein, R. Koirala, H. Kolanoski, L. Köpke, C. Kopper, S. Kopper, D. J. Koskinen, M. Kowalski, K. Krings, G. Krückl, N. Kulacz, S. Kunwar, N. Kurahashi, A. Kyriacou, M. Labare, J. L. Lanfranchi, M. J. Larson, F. Lauber, J. P. Lazar, K. Leonard, M. Leuermann, Q. R. Liu, E. Lohfink, C. J. Lozano Mariscal, L. Lu, F. Lucarelli, J. Lünemann, W. Luszczak, J. Madsen, G. Maggi, K. B.M. Mahn, Y. Makino, K. Mallot, S. Mancina, I. C. Mariş, R. Maruyama, K. Mase, R. Maunu, K. Meagher, M. Medici, A. Medina, M. Meier, S. Meighen-Berger, T. Menne, G. Merino, T. Meures, S. Miarecki, J. Micallef, G. Momenté, T. Montaruli, R. W. Moore, M. Moulai, R. Nagai, R. Nahnhauer, P. Nakarmi, U. Naumann, G. Neer, H. Niederhausen, S. C. Nowicki, D. R. Nygren, A. Obertacke Pollmann, A. Olivas, A. O'Murchadha, E. O'Sullivan, T. Palczewski, H. Pandya, D. V. Pankova, N. Park, P. Peiffer, C. Pérez De Los Heros, D. Pieloth, E. Pinat, A. Pizzuto, M. Plum, P. B. Price, G. T. Przybylski, C. Raab, A. Raissi, M. Rameez, L. Rauch, K. Rawlins, I. C. Rea, R. Reimann, B. Relethford, G. Renzi, E. Resconi, W. Rhode, M. Richman, S. Robertson, M. Rongen, C. Rott, T. Ruhe, D. Ryckbosch, D. Rysewyk, I. Safa, S. E. Sanchez Herrera, A. Sandrock, J. Sandroos, M. Santander, S. Sarkar, S. Sarkar, K. Satalecka, M. Schaufel, P. Schlunder, T. Schmidt, A. Schneider, J. Schneider, L. Schumacher, S. Sclafani, D. Seckel, S. Seunarine, M. Silva, R. Snihur, J. Soedingrekso, D. Soldin, M. Song, G. M. Spiczak, C. Spiering, J. Stachurska, M. Stamatikos, T. Stanev, A. Stasik, R. Stein, J. Stettner, A. Steuer, T. Stezelberger, R. G. Stokstad, A. Stößl, N. L. Strotjohann, T. Stuttard, G. W. Sullivan, M. Sutherland, I. Taboada, F. Tenholt, S. Ter-Antonyan, A. Terliuk, S. Tilav, L. Tomankova, C. Tönnis, S. Toscano, D. Tosi, M. Tselengidou, C. F. Tung, A. Turcati, R. Turcotte, C. F. Turley, B. Ty, E. Unger, M. A. Unland Elorrieta, M. Usner, J. Vandenbroucke, W. Van Driessche, D. Van Eijk, N. Van Eijndhoven, S. Vanheule, J. Van Santen, M. Vraeghe, C. Walck, A. Wallace, M. Wallraff, N. Wandkowsky, T. B. Watson, C. Weaver, M. J. Weiss, J. Weldert, C. Wendt, J. Werthebach, S. Westerhoff, B. J. Whelan, N. Whitehorn, K. Wiebe, C. H. Wiebusch, L. Wille, D. R. Williams, L. Wills, M. Wolf, J. Wood, T. R. Wood, K. Woschnagg, G. Wrede, D. L. Xu, X. W. Xu, Y. Xu, J. P. Yanez, G. Yodh, S. Yoshida, T. Yuan, J. Nordin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In order to identify the sources of the observed diffuse high-energy neutrino flux, it is crucial to discover their electromagnetic counterparts. To increase the sensitivity of detecting counterparts of transient or variable sources by telescopes with a limited field of view, IceCube began releasing alerts for single high-energy (Eνâ> â60 TeV) neutrino detections with sky localisation regions of order 1° radius in 2016. We used Pan-STARRS1 to follow-up five of these alerts during 2016-2017 to search for any optical transients that may be related to the neutrinos. Typically 10-20 faint (miP1âââ22.5 mag) extragalactic transients are found within the Pan-STARRS1 footprints and are generally consistent with being unrelated field supernovae (SNe) and AGN. We looked for unusual properties of the detected transients, such as temporal coincidence of explosion epoch with the IceCube timestamp, or other peculiar light curve and physical properties. We found only one transient that had properties worthy of a specific follow-up. In the Pan-STARRS1 imaging for IceCube-160427A (probability to be of astrophysical origin of ∼50%), we found a SN PS16cgx, located at 10.0′ from the nominal IceCube direction. Spectroscopic observations of PS16cgx showed that it was an H-poor SN at redshift zâ=â0.2895â ±â 0.0001. The spectra and light curve resemble some high-energy Type Ic SNe, raising the possibility of a jet driven SN with an explosion epoch temporally coincident with the neutrino detection. However, distinguishing Type Ia and Type Ic SNe at this redshift is notoriously difficult. Based on all available data we conclude that the transient is more likely to be a Type Ia with relatively weak Siâ» II absorption and a fairly normal rest-frame r-band light curve. If, as predicted, there is no high-energy neutrino emission from Type Ia SNe, then PS16cgx must be a random coincidence, and unrelated to the IceCube-160427A. We find no other plausible optical transient for any of the five IceCube events observed down to a 5σ limiting magnitude of miP1â≈â22 mag, between 1 day and 25 days after detection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA117
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume626
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019

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neutrinos
supernovae
explosion
light curve
energy
explosions
field of view
energy flux
footprint
time measurement
physical property
releasing
footprints
sky
astrophysics
physical properties
detection
telescopes
electromagnetism
radii

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Kankare, E., Huber, M., Smartt, S. J., Chambers, K., Smith, K. W., McBrien, O., ... Nordin, J. (2019). Search for transient optical counterparts to high-energy IceCube neutrinos with Pan-STARRS1. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 626, [A117]. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201935171
Kankare, E. ; Huber, M. ; Smartt, S. J. ; Chambers, K. ; Smith, K. W. ; McBrien, O. ; Chen, T. W. ; Flewelling, H. ; Lowe, T. ; Magnier, E. ; Schultz, A. ; Waters, C. ; Wainscoat, R. J. ; Willman, M. ; Wright, D. ; Young, D. ; Aartsen, M. G. ; Ackermann, M. ; Adams, J. ; Aguilar, J. A. ; Ahlers, M. ; Ahrens, M. ; Alispach, C. ; Altmann, D. ; Andeen, K. ; Anderson, Tyler Brooks ; Ansseau, I. ; Anton, G. ; Argüelles, C. ; Auffenberg, J. ; Axani, S. ; Backes, P. ; Bagherpour, H. ; Bai, X. ; Barbano, A. ; Barwick, S. W. ; Baum, V. ; Bay, R. ; Beatty, J. J. ; Becker, K. H. ; Becker Tjus, J. ; Benzvi, S. ; Berley, D. ; Bernardini, E. ; Besson, D. Z. ; Binder, G. ; Bindig, D. ; Blaufuss, E. ; Blot, S. ; Bohm, C. ; Börner, M. ; Böser, S. ; Botner, O. ; Bourbeau, E. ; Bourbeau, J. ; Bradascio, F. ; Braun, J. ; Bretz, H. P. ; Bron, S. ; Brostean-Kaiser, J. ; Burgman, A. ; Busse, R. S. ; Carver, T. ; Chen, C. ; Cheung, E. ; Chirkin, D. ; Clark, K. ; Classen, L. ; Collin, G. H. ; Conrad, J. M. ; Coppin, P. ; Correa, P. ; Cowen, Douglas ; Cross, R. ; Dave, P. ; De André, J. P.A.M. ; De Clercq, C. ; Delaunay, J. J. ; Dembinski, H. ; Deoskar, K. ; De Ridder, S. ; Desiati, P. ; De Vries, K. D. ; De Wasseige, G. ; De With, M. ; Deyoung, T. ; Díaz-Vélez, J. C. ; Dujmovic, H. ; Dunkman, M. ; Dvorak, E. ; Eberhardt, B. ; Ehrhardt, T. ; Eller, P. ; Evenson, P. A. ; Fahey, S. ; Fazely, A. R. ; Felde, J. ; Filimonov, K. ; Finley, C. ; Franckowiak, A. ; Friedman, E. ; Fritz, A. ; Gaisser, T. K. ; Gallagher, J. ; Ganster, E. ; Garrappa, S. ; Gerhardt, L. ; Ghorbani, K. ; Glauch, T. ; Glüsenkamp, T. ; Goldschmidt, A. ; Gonzalez, J. G. ; Grant, D. ; Griffith, Z. ; Gündüz, M. ; Haack, C. ; Hallgren, A. ; Halve, L. ; Halzen, F. ; Hanson, K. ; Hebecker, D. ; Heereman, D. ; Helbing, K. ; Hellauer, R. ; Henningsen, F. ; Hickford, S. ; Hignight, J. ; Hill, G. C. ; Hoffman, K. D. ; Hoffmann, R. ; Hoinka, T. ; Hokanson-Fasig, B. ; Hoshina, K. ; Huang, F. ; Huber, M. ; Hultqvist, K. ; Hünnefeld, M. ; Hussain, R. ; In, S. ; Iovine, N. ; Ishihara, A. ; Jacobi, E. ; Japaridze, G. S. ; Jeong, M. ; Jero, K. ; Jones, B. J.P. ; Kalaczynski, P. ; Kang, W. ; Kappes, A. ; Kappesser, D. ; Karg, T. ; Karl, M. ; Karle, A. ; Katz, U. ; Kauer, M. ; Keivani, A. ; Kelley, J. L. ; Kheirandish, A. ; Kim, J. ; Kintscher, T. ; Kiryluk, J. ; Kittler, T. ; Klein, S. R. ; Koirala, R. ; Kolanoski, H. ; Köpke, L. ; Kopper, C. ; Kopper, S. ; Koskinen, D. J. ; Kowalski, M. ; Krings, K. ; Krückl, G. ; Kulacz, N. ; Kunwar, S. ; Kurahashi, N. ; Kyriacou, A. ; Labare, M. ; Lanfranchi, J. L. ; Larson, M. J. ; Lauber, F. ; Lazar, J. P. ; Leonard, K. ; Leuermann, M. ; Liu, Q. R. ; Lohfink, E. ; Lozano Mariscal, C. J. ; Lu, L. ; Lucarelli, F. ; Lünemann, J. ; Luszczak, W. ; Madsen, J. ; Maggi, G. ; Mahn, K. B.M. ; Makino, Y. ; Mallot, K. ; Mancina, S. ; Mariş, I. C. ; Maruyama, R. ; Mase, K. ; Maunu, R. ; Meagher, K. ; Medici, M. ; Medina, A. ; Meier, M. ; Meighen-Berger, S. ; Menne, T. ; Merino, G. ; Meures, T. ; Miarecki, S. ; Micallef, J. ; Momenté, G. ; Montaruli, T. ; Moore, R. W. ; Moulai, M. ; Nagai, R. ; Nahnhauer, R. ; Nakarmi, P. ; Naumann, U. ; Neer, G. ; Niederhausen, H. ; Nowicki, S. C. ; Nygren, D. R. ; Obertacke Pollmann, A. ; Olivas, A. ; O'Murchadha, A. ; O'Sullivan, E. ; Palczewski, T. ; Pandya, H. ; Pankova, D. V. ; Park, N. ; Peiffer, P. ; Pérez De Los Heros, C. ; Pieloth, D. ; Pinat, E. ; Pizzuto, A. ; Plum, M. ; Price, P. B. ; Przybylski, G. T. ; Raab, C. ; Raissi, A. ; Rameez, M. ; Rauch, L. ; Rawlins, K. ; Rea, I. C. ; Reimann, R. ; Relethford, B. ; Renzi, G. ; Resconi, E. ; Rhode, W. ; Richman, M. ; Robertson, S. ; Rongen, M. ; Rott, C. ; Ruhe, T. ; Ryckbosch, D. ; Rysewyk, D. ; Safa, I. ; Sanchez Herrera, S. E. ; Sandrock, A. ; Sandroos, J. ; Santander, M. ; Sarkar, S. ; Sarkar, S. ; Satalecka, K. ; Schaufel, M. ; Schlunder, P. ; Schmidt, T. ; Schneider, A. ; Schneider, J. ; Schumacher, L. ; Sclafani, S. ; Seckel, D. ; Seunarine, S. ; Silva, M. ; Snihur, R. ; Soedingrekso, J. ; Soldin, D. ; Song, M. ; Spiczak, G. M. ; Spiering, C. ; Stachurska, J. ; Stamatikos, M. ; Stanev, T. ; Stasik, A. ; Stein, R. ; Stettner, J. ; Steuer, A. ; Stezelberger, T. ; Stokstad, R. G. ; Stößl, A. ; Strotjohann, N. L. ; Stuttard, T. ; Sullivan, G. W. ; Sutherland, M. ; Taboada, I. ; Tenholt, F. ; Ter-Antonyan, S. ; Terliuk, A. ; Tilav, S. ; Tomankova, L. ; Tönnis, C. ; Toscano, S. ; Tosi, D. ; Tselengidou, M. ; Tung, C. F. ; Turcati, A. ; Turcotte, R. ; Turley, C. F. ; Ty, B. ; Unger, E. ; Unland Elorrieta, M. A. ; Usner, M. ; Vandenbroucke, J. ; Van Driessche, W. ; Van Eijk, D. ; Van Eijndhoven, N. ; Vanheule, S. ; Van Santen, J. ; Vraeghe, M. ; Walck, C. ; Wallace, A. ; Wallraff, M. ; Wandkowsky, N. ; Watson, T. B. ; Weaver, C. ; Weiss, M. J. ; Weldert, J. ; Wendt, C. ; Werthebach, J. ; Westerhoff, S. ; Whelan, B. J. ; Whitehorn, N. ; Wiebe, K. ; Wiebusch, C. H. ; Wille, L. ; Williams, D. R. ; Wills, L. ; Wolf, M. ; Wood, J. ; Wood, T. R. ; Woschnagg, K. ; Wrede, G. ; Xu, D. L. ; Xu, X. W. ; Xu, Y. ; Yanez, J. P. ; Yodh, G. ; Yoshida, S. ; Yuan, T. ; Nordin, J. / Search for transient optical counterparts to high-energy IceCube neutrinos with Pan-STARRS1. In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2019 ; Vol. 626.
@article{54f97a80c882468d865fedea4c39b77b,
title = "Search for transient optical counterparts to high-energy IceCube neutrinos with Pan-STARRS1",
abstract = "In order to identify the sources of the observed diffuse high-energy neutrino flux, it is crucial to discover their electromagnetic counterparts. To increase the sensitivity of detecting counterparts of transient or variable sources by telescopes with a limited field of view, IceCube began releasing alerts for single high-energy (Eν{\^a}> {\^a}60 TeV) neutrino detections with sky localisation regions of order 1° radius in 2016. We used Pan-STARRS1 to follow-up five of these alerts during 2016-2017 to search for any optical transients that may be related to the neutrinos. Typically 10-20 faint (miP1{\^a}{\^a}{\^a}22.5 mag) extragalactic transients are found within the Pan-STARRS1 footprints and are generally consistent with being unrelated field supernovae (SNe) and AGN. We looked for unusual properties of the detected transients, such as temporal coincidence of explosion epoch with the IceCube timestamp, or other peculiar light curve and physical properties. We found only one transient that had properties worthy of a specific follow-up. In the Pan-STARRS1 imaging for IceCube-160427A (probability to be of astrophysical origin of ∼50{\%}), we found a SN PS16cgx, located at 10.0′ from the nominal IceCube direction. Spectroscopic observations of PS16cgx showed that it was an H-poor SN at redshift z{\^a}={\^a}0.2895{\^a} ±{\^a} 0.0001. The spectra and light curve resemble some high-energy Type Ic SNe, raising the possibility of a jet driven SN with an explosion epoch temporally coincident with the neutrino detection. However, distinguishing Type Ia and Type Ic SNe at this redshift is notoriously difficult. Based on all available data we conclude that the transient is more likely to be a Type Ia with relatively weak Si{\^a}» II absorption and a fairly normal rest-frame r-band light curve. If, as predicted, there is no high-energy neutrino emission from Type Ia SNe, then PS16cgx must be a random coincidence, and unrelated to the IceCube-160427A. We find no other plausible optical transient for any of the five IceCube events observed down to a 5σ limiting magnitude of miP1{\^a}≈{\^a}22 mag, between 1 day and 25 days after detection.",
author = "E. Kankare and M. Huber and Smartt, {S. J.} and K. Chambers and Smith, {K. W.} and O. McBrien and Chen, {T. W.} and H. Flewelling and T. Lowe and E. Magnier and A. Schultz and C. Waters and Wainscoat, {R. J.} and M. Willman and D. Wright and D. Young and Aartsen, {M. G.} and M. Ackermann and J. Adams and Aguilar, {J. A.} and M. Ahlers and M. Ahrens and C. Alispach and D. Altmann and K. Andeen and Anderson, {Tyler Brooks} and I. Ansseau and G. Anton and C. Arg{\"u}elles and J. Auffenberg and S. Axani and P. Backes and H. Bagherpour and X. Bai and A. Barbano and Barwick, {S. W.} and V. Baum and R. Bay and Beatty, {J. J.} and Becker, {K. H.} and {Becker Tjus}, J. and S. Benzvi and D. Berley and E. Bernardini and Besson, {D. Z.} and G. Binder and D. Bindig and E. Blaufuss and S. Blot and C. Bohm and M. B{\"o}rner and S. B{\"o}ser and O. Botner and E. Bourbeau and J. Bourbeau and F. Bradascio and J. Braun and Bretz, {H. P.} and S. Bron and J. Brostean-Kaiser and A. Burgman and Busse, {R. S.} and T. Carver and C. Chen and E. Cheung and D. Chirkin and K. Clark and L. Classen and Collin, {G. H.} and Conrad, {J. M.} and P. Coppin and P. Correa and Douglas Cowen and R. Cross and P. Dave and {De Andr{\'e}}, {J. P.A.M.} and {De Clercq}, C. and Delaunay, {J. J.} and H. Dembinski and K. Deoskar and {De Ridder}, S. and P. Desiati and {De Vries}, {K. D.} and {De Wasseige}, G. and {De With}, M. and T. Deyoung and D{\'i}az-V{\'e}lez, {J. C.} and H. Dujmovic and M. Dunkman and E. Dvorak and B. Eberhardt and T. Ehrhardt and P. Eller and Evenson, {P. A.} and S. Fahey and Fazely, {A. R.} and J. Felde and K. Filimonov and C. Finley and A. Franckowiak and E. Friedman and A. Fritz and Gaisser, {T. K.} and J. Gallagher and E. Ganster and S. Garrappa and L. Gerhardt and K. Ghorbani and T. Glauch and T. Gl{\"u}senkamp and A. Goldschmidt and Gonzalez, {J. G.} and D. Grant and Z. Griffith and M. G{\"u}nd{\"u}z and C. Haack and A. Hallgren and L. Halve and F. Halzen and K. Hanson and D. Hebecker and D. Heereman and K. Helbing and R. Hellauer and F. Henningsen and S. Hickford and J. Hignight and Hill, {G. C.} and Hoffman, {K. D.} and R. Hoffmann and T. Hoinka and B. Hokanson-Fasig and K. Hoshina and F. Huang and M. Huber and K. Hultqvist and M. H{\"u}nnefeld and R. Hussain and S. In and N. Iovine and A. Ishihara and E. Jacobi and Japaridze, {G. S.} and M. Jeong and K. Jero and Jones, {B. J.P.} and P. Kalaczynski and W. Kang and A. Kappes and D. Kappesser and T. Karg and M. Karl and A. Karle and U. Katz and M. Kauer and A. Keivani and Kelley, {J. L.} and A. Kheirandish and J. Kim and T. Kintscher and J. Kiryluk and T. Kittler and Klein, {S. R.} and R. Koirala and H. Kolanoski and L. K{\"o}pke and C. Kopper and S. Kopper and Koskinen, {D. J.} and M. Kowalski and K. Krings and G. Kr{\"u}ckl and N. Kulacz and S. Kunwar and N. Kurahashi and A. Kyriacou and M. Labare and Lanfranchi, {J. L.} and Larson, {M. J.} and F. Lauber and Lazar, {J. P.} and K. Leonard and M. Leuermann and Liu, {Q. R.} and E. Lohfink and {Lozano Mariscal}, {C. J.} and L. Lu and F. Lucarelli and J. L{\"u}nemann and W. Luszczak and J. Madsen and G. Maggi and Mahn, {K. B.M.} and Y. Makino and K. Mallot and S. Mancina and Mariş, {I. C.} and R. Maruyama and K. Mase and R. Maunu and K. Meagher and M. Medici and A. Medina and M. Meier and S. Meighen-Berger and T. Menne and G. Merino and T. Meures and S. Miarecki and J. Micallef and G. Moment{\'e} and T. Montaruli and Moore, {R. W.} and M. Moulai and R. Nagai and R. Nahnhauer and P. Nakarmi and U. Naumann and G. Neer and H. Niederhausen and Nowicki, {S. C.} and Nygren, {D. R.} and {Obertacke Pollmann}, A. and A. Olivas and A. O'Murchadha and E. O'Sullivan and T. Palczewski and H. Pandya and Pankova, {D. V.} and N. Park and P. Peiffer and {P{\'e}rez De Los Heros}, C. and D. Pieloth and E. Pinat and A. Pizzuto and M. Plum and Price, {P. B.} and Przybylski, {G. T.} and C. Raab and A. Raissi and M. Rameez and L. Rauch and K. Rawlins and Rea, {I. C.} and R. Reimann and B. Relethford and G. Renzi and E. Resconi and W. Rhode and M. Richman and S. Robertson and M. Rongen and C. Rott and T. Ruhe and D. Ryckbosch and D. Rysewyk and I. Safa and {Sanchez Herrera}, {S. E.} and A. Sandrock and J. Sandroos and M. Santander and S. Sarkar and S. Sarkar and K. Satalecka and M. Schaufel and P. Schlunder and T. Schmidt and A. Schneider and J. Schneider and L. Schumacher and S. Sclafani and D. Seckel and S. Seunarine and M. Silva and R. Snihur and J. Soedingrekso and D. Soldin and M. Song and Spiczak, {G. M.} and C. Spiering and J. Stachurska and M. Stamatikos and T. Stanev and A. Stasik and R. Stein and J. Stettner and A. Steuer and T. Stezelberger and Stokstad, {R. G.} and A. St{\"o}{\ss}l and Strotjohann, {N. L.} and T. Stuttard and Sullivan, {G. W.} and M. Sutherland and I. Taboada and F. Tenholt and S. Ter-Antonyan and A. Terliuk and S. Tilav and L. Tomankova and C. T{\"o}nnis and S. Toscano and D. Tosi and M. Tselengidou and Tung, {C. F.} and A. Turcati and R. Turcotte and Turley, {C. F.} and B. Ty and E. Unger and {Unland Elorrieta}, {M. A.} and M. Usner and J. Vandenbroucke and {Van Driessche}, W. and {Van Eijk}, D. and {Van Eijndhoven}, N. and S. Vanheule and {Van Santen}, J. and M. Vraeghe and C. Walck and A. Wallace and M. Wallraff and N. Wandkowsky and Watson, {T. B.} and C. Weaver and Weiss, {M. J.} and J. Weldert and C. Wendt and J. Werthebach and S. Westerhoff and Whelan, {B. J.} and N. Whitehorn and K. Wiebe and Wiebusch, {C. H.} and L. Wille and Williams, {D. R.} and L. Wills and M. Wolf and J. Wood and Wood, {T. R.} and K. Woschnagg and G. Wrede and Xu, {D. L.} and Xu, {X. W.} and Y. Xu and Yanez, {J. P.} and G. Yodh and S. Yoshida and T. Yuan and J. Nordin",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1051/0004-6361/201935171",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "626",
journal = "Astronomy and Astrophysics",
issn = "0004-6361",
publisher = "EDP Sciences",

}

Kankare, E, Huber, M, Smartt, SJ, Chambers, K, Smith, KW, McBrien, O, Chen, TW, Flewelling, H, Lowe, T, Magnier, E, Schultz, A, Waters, C, Wainscoat, RJ, Willman, M, Wright, D, Young, D, Aartsen, MG, Ackermann, M, Adams, J, Aguilar, JA, Ahlers, M, Ahrens, M, Alispach, C, Altmann, D, Andeen, K, Anderson, TB, Ansseau, I, Anton, G, Argüelles, C, Auffenberg, J, Axani, S, Backes, P, Bagherpour, H, Bai, X, Barbano, A, Barwick, SW, Baum, V, Bay, R, Beatty, JJ, Becker, KH, Becker Tjus, J, Benzvi, S, Berley, D, Bernardini, E, Besson, DZ, Binder, G, Bindig, D, Blaufuss, E, Blot, S, Bohm, C, Börner, M, Böser, S, Botner, O, Bourbeau, E, Bourbeau, J, Bradascio, F, Braun, J, Bretz, HP, Bron, S, Brostean-Kaiser, J, Burgman, A, Busse, RS, Carver, T, Chen, C, Cheung, E, Chirkin, D, Clark, K, Classen, L, Collin, GH, Conrad, JM, Coppin, P, Correa, P, Cowen, D, Cross, R, Dave, P, De André, JPAM, De Clercq, C, Delaunay, JJ, Dembinski, H, Deoskar, K, De Ridder, S, Desiati, P, De Vries, KD, De Wasseige, G, De With, M, Deyoung, T, Díaz-Vélez, JC, Dujmovic, H, Dunkman, M, Dvorak, E, Eberhardt, B, Ehrhardt, T, Eller, P, Evenson, PA, Fahey, S, Fazely, AR, Felde, J, Filimonov, K, Finley, C, Franckowiak, A, Friedman, E, Fritz, A, Gaisser, TK, Gallagher, J, Ganster, E, Garrappa, S, Gerhardt, L, Ghorbani, K, Glauch, T, Glüsenkamp, T, Goldschmidt, A, Gonzalez, JG, Grant, D, Griffith, Z, Gündüz, M, Haack, C, Hallgren, A, Halve, L, Halzen, F, Hanson, K, Hebecker, D, Heereman, D, Helbing, K, Hellauer, R, Henningsen, F, Hickford, S, Hignight, J, Hill, GC, Hoffman, KD, Hoffmann, R, Hoinka, T, Hokanson-Fasig, B, Hoshina, K, Huang, F, Huber, M, Hultqvist, K, Hünnefeld, M, Hussain, R, In, S, Iovine, N, Ishihara, A, Jacobi, E, Japaridze, GS, Jeong, M, Jero, K, Jones, BJP, Kalaczynski, P, Kang, W, Kappes, A, Kappesser, D, Karg, T, Karl, M, Karle, A, Katz, U, Kauer, M, Keivani, A, Kelley, JL, Kheirandish, A, Kim, J, Kintscher, T, Kiryluk, J, Kittler, T, Klein, SR, Koirala, R, Kolanoski, H, Köpke, L, Kopper, C, Kopper, S, Koskinen, DJ, Kowalski, M, Krings, K, Krückl, G, Kulacz, N, Kunwar, S, Kurahashi, N, Kyriacou, A, Labare, M, Lanfranchi, JL, Larson, MJ, Lauber, F, Lazar, JP, Leonard, K, Leuermann, M, Liu, QR, Lohfink, E, Lozano Mariscal, CJ, Lu, L, Lucarelli, F, Lünemann, J, Luszczak, W, Madsen, J, Maggi, G, Mahn, KBM, Makino, Y, Mallot, K, Mancina, S, Mariş, IC, Maruyama, R, Mase, K, Maunu, R, Meagher, K, Medici, M, Medina, A, Meier, M, Meighen-Berger, S, Menne, T, Merino, G, Meures, T, Miarecki, S, Micallef, J, Momenté, G, Montaruli, T, Moore, RW, Moulai, M, Nagai, R, Nahnhauer, R, Nakarmi, P, Naumann, U, Neer, G, Niederhausen, H, Nowicki, SC, Nygren, DR, Obertacke Pollmann, A, Olivas, A, O'Murchadha, A, O'Sullivan, E, Palczewski, T, Pandya, H, Pankova, DV, Park, N, Peiffer, P, Pérez De Los Heros, C, Pieloth, D, Pinat, E, Pizzuto, A, Plum, M, Price, PB, Przybylski, GT, Raab, C, Raissi, A, Rameez, M, Rauch, L, Rawlins, K, Rea, IC, Reimann, R, Relethford, B, Renzi, G, Resconi, E, Rhode, W, Richman, M, Robertson, S, Rongen, M, Rott, C, Ruhe, T, Ryckbosch, D, Rysewyk, D, Safa, I, Sanchez Herrera, SE, Sandrock, A, Sandroos, J, Santander, M, Sarkar, S, Sarkar, S, Satalecka, K, Schaufel, M, Schlunder, P, Schmidt, T, Schneider, A, Schneider, J, Schumacher, L, Sclafani, S, Seckel, D, Seunarine, S, Silva, M, Snihur, R, Soedingrekso, J, Soldin, D, Song, M, Spiczak, GM, Spiering, C, Stachurska, J, Stamatikos, M, Stanev, T, Stasik, A, Stein, R, Stettner, J, Steuer, A, Stezelberger, T, Stokstad, RG, Stößl, A, Strotjohann, NL, Stuttard, T, Sullivan, GW, Sutherland, M, Taboada, I, Tenholt, F, Ter-Antonyan, S, Terliuk, A, Tilav, S, Tomankova, L, Tönnis, C, Toscano, S, Tosi, D, Tselengidou, M, Tung, CF, Turcati, A, Turcotte, R, Turley, CF, Ty, B, Unger, E, Unland Elorrieta, MA, Usner, M, Vandenbroucke, J, Van Driessche, W, Van Eijk, D, Van Eijndhoven, N, Vanheule, S, Van Santen, J, Vraeghe, M, Walck, C, Wallace, A, Wallraff, M, Wandkowsky, N, Watson, TB, Weaver, C, Weiss, MJ, Weldert, J, Wendt, C, Werthebach, J, Westerhoff, S, Whelan, BJ, Whitehorn, N, Wiebe, K, Wiebusch, CH, Wille, L, Williams, DR, Wills, L, Wolf, M, Wood, J, Wood, TR, Woschnagg, K, Wrede, G, Xu, DL, Xu, XW, Xu, Y, Yanez, JP, Yodh, G, Yoshida, S, Yuan, T & Nordin, J 2019, 'Search for transient optical counterparts to high-energy IceCube neutrinos with Pan-STARRS1', Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 626, A117. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201935171

Search for transient optical counterparts to high-energy IceCube neutrinos with Pan-STARRS1. / Kankare, E.; Huber, M.; Smartt, S. J.; Chambers, K.; Smith, K. W.; McBrien, O.; Chen, T. W.; Flewelling, H.; Lowe, T.; Magnier, E.; Schultz, A.; Waters, C.; Wainscoat, R. J.; Willman, M.; Wright, D.; Young, D.; Aartsen, M. G.; Ackermann, M.; Adams, J.; Aguilar, J. A.; Ahlers, M.; Ahrens, M.; Alispach, C.; Altmann, D.; Andeen, K.; Anderson, Tyler Brooks; Ansseau, I.; Anton, G.; Argüelles, C.; Auffenberg, J.; Axani, S.; Backes, P.; Bagherpour, H.; Bai, X.; Barbano, A.; Barwick, S. W.; Baum, V.; Bay, R.; Beatty, J. J.; Becker, K. H.; Becker Tjus, J.; Benzvi, S.; Berley, D.; Bernardini, E.; Besson, D. Z.; Binder, G.; Bindig, D.; Blaufuss, E.; Blot, S.; Bohm, C.; Börner, M.; Böser, S.; Botner, O.; Bourbeau, E.; Bourbeau, J.; Bradascio, F.; Braun, J.; Bretz, H. P.; Bron, S.; Brostean-Kaiser, J.; Burgman, A.; Busse, R. S.; Carver, T.; Chen, C.; Cheung, E.; Chirkin, D.; Clark, K.; Classen, L.; Collin, G. H.; Conrad, J. M.; Coppin, P.; Correa, P.; Cowen, Douglas; Cross, R.; Dave, P.; De André, J. P.A.M.; De Clercq, C.; Delaunay, J. J.; Dembinski, H.; Deoskar, K.; De Ridder, S.; Desiati, P.; De Vries, K. D.; De Wasseige, G.; De With, M.; Deyoung, T.; Díaz-Vélez, J. C.; Dujmovic, H.; Dunkman, M.; Dvorak, E.; Eberhardt, B.; Ehrhardt, T.; Eller, P.; Evenson, P. A.; Fahey, S.; Fazely, A. R.; Felde, J.; Filimonov, K.; Finley, C.; Franckowiak, A.; Friedman, E.; Fritz, A.; Gaisser, T. K.; Gallagher, J.; Ganster, E.; Garrappa, S.; Gerhardt, L.; Ghorbani, K.; Glauch, T.; Glüsenkamp, T.; Goldschmidt, A.; Gonzalez, J. G.; Grant, D.; Griffith, Z.; Gündüz, M.; Haack, C.; Hallgren, A.; Halve, L.; Halzen, F.; Hanson, K.; Hebecker, D.; Heereman, D.; Helbing, K.; Hellauer, R.; Henningsen, F.; Hickford, S.; Hignight, J.; Hill, G. C.; Hoffman, K. D.; Hoffmann, R.; Hoinka, T.; Hokanson-Fasig, B.; Hoshina, K.; Huang, F.; Huber, M.; Hultqvist, K.; Hünnefeld, M.; Hussain, R.; In, S.; Iovine, N.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobi, E.; Japaridze, G. S.; Jeong, M.; Jero, K.; Jones, B. J.P.; Kalaczynski, P.; Kang, W.; Kappes, A.; Kappesser, D.; Karg, T.; Karl, M.; Karle, A.; Katz, U.; Kauer, M.; Keivani, A.; Kelley, J. L.; Kheirandish, A.; Kim, J.; Kintscher, T.; Kiryluk, J.; Kittler, T.; Klein, S. R.; Koirala, R.; Kolanoski, H.; Köpke, L.; Kopper, C.; Kopper, S.; Koskinen, D. J.; Kowalski, M.; Krings, K.; Krückl, G.; Kulacz, N.; Kunwar, S.; Kurahashi, N.; Kyriacou, A.; Labare, M.; Lanfranchi, J. L.; Larson, M. J.; Lauber, F.; Lazar, J. P.; Leonard, K.; Leuermann, M.; Liu, Q. R.; Lohfink, E.; Lozano Mariscal, C. J.; Lu, L.; Lucarelli, F.; Lünemann, J.; Luszczak, W.; Madsen, J.; Maggi, G.; Mahn, K. B.M.; Makino, Y.; Mallot, K.; Mancina, S.; Mariş, I. C.; Maruyama, R.; Mase, K.; Maunu, R.; Meagher, K.; Medici, M.; Medina, A.; Meier, M.; Meighen-Berger, S.; Menne, T.; Merino, G.; Meures, T.; Miarecki, S.; Micallef, J.; Momenté, G.; Montaruli, T.; Moore, R. W.; Moulai, M.; Nagai, R.; Nahnhauer, R.; Nakarmi, P.; Naumann, U.; Neer, G.; Niederhausen, H.; Nowicki, S. C.; Nygren, D. R.; Obertacke Pollmann, A.; Olivas, A.; O'Murchadha, A.; O'Sullivan, E.; Palczewski, T.; Pandya, H.; Pankova, D. V.; Park, N.; Peiffer, P.; Pérez De Los Heros, C.; Pieloth, D.; Pinat, E.; Pizzuto, A.; Plum, M.; Price, P. B.; Przybylski, G. T.; Raab, C.; Raissi, A.; Rameez, M.; Rauch, L.; Rawlins, K.; Rea, I. C.; Reimann, R.; Relethford, B.; Renzi, G.; Resconi, E.; Rhode, W.; Richman, M.; Robertson, S.; Rongen, M.; Rott, C.; Ruhe, T.; Ryckbosch, D.; Rysewyk, D.; Safa, I.; Sanchez Herrera, S. E.; Sandrock, A.; Sandroos, J.; Santander, M.; Sarkar, S.; Sarkar, S.; Satalecka, K.; Schaufel, M.; Schlunder, P.; Schmidt, T.; Schneider, A.; Schneider, J.; Schumacher, L.; Sclafani, S.; Seckel, D.; Seunarine, S.; Silva, M.; Snihur, R.; Soedingrekso, J.; Soldin, D.; Song, M.; Spiczak, G. M.; Spiering, C.; Stachurska, J.; Stamatikos, M.; Stanev, T.; Stasik, A.; Stein, R.; Stettner, J.; Steuer, A.; Stezelberger, T.; Stokstad, R. G.; Stößl, A.; Strotjohann, N. L.; Stuttard, T.; Sullivan, G. W.; Sutherland, M.; Taboada, I.; Tenholt, F.; Ter-Antonyan, S.; Terliuk, A.; Tilav, S.; Tomankova, L.; Tönnis, C.; Toscano, S.; Tosi, D.; Tselengidou, M.; Tung, C. F.; Turcati, A.; Turcotte, R.; Turley, C. F.; Ty, B.; Unger, E.; Unland Elorrieta, M. A.; Usner, M.; Vandenbroucke, J.; Van Driessche, W.; Van Eijk, D.; Van Eijndhoven, N.; Vanheule, S.; Van Santen, J.; Vraeghe, M.; Walck, C.; Wallace, A.; Wallraff, M.; Wandkowsky, N.; Watson, T. B.; Weaver, C.; Weiss, M. J.; Weldert, J.; Wendt, C.; Werthebach, J.; Westerhoff, S.; Whelan, B. J.; Whitehorn, N.; Wiebe, K.; Wiebusch, C. H.; Wille, L.; Williams, D. R.; Wills, L.; Wolf, M.; Wood, J.; Wood, T. R.; Woschnagg, K.; Wrede, G.; Xu, D. L.; Xu, X. W.; Xu, Y.; Yanez, J. P.; Yodh, G.; Yoshida, S.; Yuan, T.; Nordin, J.

In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 626, A117, 01.06.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Search for transient optical counterparts to high-energy IceCube neutrinos with Pan-STARRS1

AU - Kankare, E.

AU - Huber, M.

AU - Smartt, S. J.

AU - Chambers, K.

AU - Smith, K. W.

AU - McBrien, O.

AU - Chen, T. W.

AU - Flewelling, H.

AU - Lowe, T.

AU - Magnier, E.

AU - Schultz, A.

AU - Waters, C.

AU - Wainscoat, R. J.

AU - Willman, M.

AU - Wright, D.

AU - Young, D.

AU - Aartsen, M. G.

AU - Ackermann, M.

AU - Adams, J.

AU - Aguilar, J. A.

AU - Ahlers, M.

AU - Ahrens, M.

AU - Alispach, C.

AU - Altmann, D.

AU - Andeen, K.

AU - Anderson, Tyler Brooks

AU - Ansseau, I.

AU - Anton, G.

AU - Argüelles, C.

AU - Auffenberg, J.

AU - Axani, S.

AU - Backes, P.

AU - Bagherpour, H.

AU - Bai, X.

AU - Barbano, A.

AU - Barwick, S. W.

AU - Baum, V.

AU - Bay, R.

AU - Beatty, J. J.

AU - Becker, K. H.

AU - Becker Tjus, J.

AU - Benzvi, S.

AU - Berley, D.

AU - Bernardini, E.

AU - Besson, D. Z.

AU - Binder, G.

AU - Bindig, D.

AU - Blaufuss, E.

AU - Blot, S.

AU - Bohm, C.

AU - Börner, M.

AU - Böser, S.

AU - Botner, O.

AU - Bourbeau, E.

AU - Bourbeau, J.

AU - Bradascio, F.

AU - Braun, J.

AU - Bretz, H. P.

AU - Bron, S.

AU - Brostean-Kaiser, J.

AU - Burgman, A.

AU - Busse, R. S.

AU - Carver, T.

AU - Chen, C.

AU - Cheung, E.

AU - Chirkin, D.

AU - Clark, K.

AU - Classen, L.

AU - Collin, G. H.

AU - Conrad, J. M.

AU - Coppin, P.

AU - Correa, P.

AU - Cowen, Douglas

AU - Cross, R.

AU - Dave, P.

AU - De André, J. P.A.M.

AU - De Clercq, C.

AU - Delaunay, J. J.

AU - Dembinski, H.

AU - Deoskar, K.

AU - De Ridder, S.

AU - Desiati, P.

AU - De Vries, K. D.

AU - De Wasseige, G.

AU - De With, M.

AU - Deyoung, T.

AU - Díaz-Vélez, J. C.

AU - Dujmovic, H.

AU - Dunkman, M.

AU - Dvorak, E.

AU - Eberhardt, B.

AU - Ehrhardt, T.

AU - Eller, P.

AU - Evenson, P. A.

AU - Fahey, S.

AU - Fazely, A. R.

AU - Felde, J.

AU - Filimonov, K.

AU - Finley, C.

AU - Franckowiak, A.

AU - Friedman, E.

AU - Fritz, A.

AU - Gaisser, T. K.

AU - Gallagher, J.

AU - Ganster, E.

AU - Garrappa, S.

AU - Gerhardt, L.

AU - Ghorbani, K.

AU - Glauch, T.

AU - Glüsenkamp, T.

AU - Goldschmidt, A.

AU - Gonzalez, J. G.

AU - Grant, D.

AU - Griffith, Z.

AU - Gündüz, M.

AU - Haack, C.

AU - Hallgren, A.

AU - Halve, L.

AU - Halzen, F.

AU - Hanson, K.

AU - Hebecker, D.

AU - Heereman, D.

AU - Helbing, K.

AU - Hellauer, R.

AU - Henningsen, F.

AU - Hickford, S.

AU - Hignight, J.

AU - Hill, G. C.

AU - Hoffman, K. D.

AU - Hoffmann, R.

AU - Hoinka, T.

AU - Hokanson-Fasig, B.

AU - Hoshina, K.

AU - Huang, F.

AU - Huber, M.

AU - Hultqvist, K.

AU - Hünnefeld, M.

AU - Hussain, R.

AU - In, S.

AU - Iovine, N.

AU - Ishihara, A.

AU - Jacobi, E.

AU - Japaridze, G. S.

AU - Jeong, M.

AU - Jero, K.

AU - Jones, B. J.P.

AU - Kalaczynski, P.

AU - Kang, W.

AU - Kappes, A.

AU - Kappesser, D.

AU - Karg, T.

AU - Karl, M.

AU - Karle, A.

AU - Katz, U.

AU - Kauer, M.

AU - Keivani, A.

AU - Kelley, J. L.

AU - Kheirandish, A.

AU - Kim, J.

AU - Kintscher, T.

AU - Kiryluk, J.

AU - Kittler, T.

AU - Klein, S. R.

AU - Koirala, R.

AU - Kolanoski, H.

AU - Köpke, L.

AU - Kopper, C.

AU - Kopper, S.

AU - Koskinen, D. J.

AU - Kowalski, M.

AU - Krings, K.

AU - Krückl, G.

AU - Kulacz, N.

AU - Kunwar, S.

AU - Kurahashi, N.

AU - Kyriacou, A.

AU - Labare, M.

AU - Lanfranchi, J. L.

AU - Larson, M. J.

AU - Lauber, F.

AU - Lazar, J. P.

AU - Leonard, K.

AU - Leuermann, M.

AU - Liu, Q. R.

AU - Lohfink, E.

AU - Lozano Mariscal, C. J.

AU - Lu, L.

AU - Lucarelli, F.

AU - Lünemann, J.

AU - Luszczak, W.

AU - Madsen, J.

AU - Maggi, G.

AU - Mahn, K. B.M.

AU - Makino, Y.

AU - Mallot, K.

AU - Mancina, S.

AU - Mariş, I. C.

AU - Maruyama, R.

AU - Mase, K.

AU - Maunu, R.

AU - Meagher, K.

AU - Medici, M.

AU - Medina, A.

AU - Meier, M.

AU - Meighen-Berger, S.

AU - Menne, T.

AU - Merino, G.

AU - Meures, T.

AU - Miarecki, S.

AU - Micallef, J.

AU - Momenté, G.

AU - Montaruli, T.

AU - Moore, R. W.

AU - Moulai, M.

AU - Nagai, R.

AU - Nahnhauer, R.

AU - Nakarmi, P.

AU - Naumann, U.

AU - Neer, G.

AU - Niederhausen, H.

AU - Nowicki, S. C.

AU - Nygren, D. R.

AU - Obertacke Pollmann, A.

AU - Olivas, A.

AU - O'Murchadha, A.

AU - O'Sullivan, E.

AU - Palczewski, T.

AU - Pandya, H.

AU - Pankova, D. V.

AU - Park, N.

AU - Peiffer, P.

AU - Pérez De Los Heros, C.

AU - Pieloth, D.

AU - Pinat, E.

AU - Pizzuto, A.

AU - Plum, M.

AU - Price, P. B.

AU - Przybylski, G. T.

AU - Raab, C.

AU - Raissi, A.

AU - Rameez, M.

AU - Rauch, L.

AU - Rawlins, K.

AU - Rea, I. C.

AU - Reimann, R.

AU - Relethford, B.

AU - Renzi, G.

AU - Resconi, E.

AU - Rhode, W.

AU - Richman, M.

AU - Robertson, S.

AU - Rongen, M.

AU - Rott, C.

AU - Ruhe, T.

AU - Ryckbosch, D.

AU - Rysewyk, D.

AU - Safa, I.

AU - Sanchez Herrera, S. E.

AU - Sandrock, A.

AU - Sandroos, J.

AU - Santander, M.

AU - Sarkar, S.

AU - Sarkar, S.

AU - Satalecka, K.

AU - Schaufel, M.

AU - Schlunder, P.

AU - Schmidt, T.

AU - Schneider, A.

AU - Schneider, J.

AU - Schumacher, L.

AU - Sclafani, S.

AU - Seckel, D.

AU - Seunarine, S.

AU - Silva, M.

AU - Snihur, R.

AU - Soedingrekso, J.

AU - Soldin, D.

AU - Song, M.

AU - Spiczak, G. M.

AU - Spiering, C.

AU - Stachurska, J.

AU - Stamatikos, M.

AU - Stanev, T.

AU - Stasik, A.

AU - Stein, R.

AU - Stettner, J.

AU - Steuer, A.

AU - Stezelberger, T.

AU - Stokstad, R. G.

AU - Stößl, A.

AU - Strotjohann, N. L.

AU - Stuttard, T.

AU - Sullivan, G. W.

AU - Sutherland, M.

AU - Taboada, I.

AU - Tenholt, F.

AU - Ter-Antonyan, S.

AU - Terliuk, A.

AU - Tilav, S.

AU - Tomankova, L.

AU - Tönnis, C.

AU - Toscano, S.

AU - Tosi, D.

AU - Tselengidou, M.

AU - Tung, C. F.

AU - Turcati, A.

AU - Turcotte, R.

AU - Turley, C. F.

AU - Ty, B.

AU - Unger, E.

AU - Unland Elorrieta, M. A.

AU - Usner, M.

AU - Vandenbroucke, J.

AU - Van Driessche, W.

AU - Van Eijk, D.

AU - Van Eijndhoven, N.

AU - Vanheule, S.

AU - Van Santen, J.

AU - Vraeghe, M.

AU - Walck, C.

AU - Wallace, A.

AU - Wallraff, M.

AU - Wandkowsky, N.

AU - Watson, T. B.

AU - Weaver, C.

AU - Weiss, M. J.

AU - Weldert, J.

AU - Wendt, C.

AU - Werthebach, J.

AU - Westerhoff, S.

AU - Whelan, B. J.

AU - Whitehorn, N.

AU - Wiebe, K.

AU - Wiebusch, C. H.

AU - Wille, L.

AU - Williams, D. R.

AU - Wills, L.

AU - Wolf, M.

AU - Wood, J.

AU - Wood, T. R.

AU - Woschnagg, K.

AU - Wrede, G.

AU - Xu, D. L.

AU - Xu, X. W.

AU - Xu, Y.

AU - Yanez, J. P.

AU - Yodh, G.

AU - Yoshida, S.

AU - Yuan, T.

AU - Nordin, J.

PY - 2019/6/1

Y1 - 2019/6/1

N2 - In order to identify the sources of the observed diffuse high-energy neutrino flux, it is crucial to discover their electromagnetic counterparts. To increase the sensitivity of detecting counterparts of transient or variable sources by telescopes with a limited field of view, IceCube began releasing alerts for single high-energy (Eνâ> â60 TeV) neutrino detections with sky localisation regions of order 1° radius in 2016. We used Pan-STARRS1 to follow-up five of these alerts during 2016-2017 to search for any optical transients that may be related to the neutrinos. Typically 10-20 faint (miP1âââ22.5 mag) extragalactic transients are found within the Pan-STARRS1 footprints and are generally consistent with being unrelated field supernovae (SNe) and AGN. We looked for unusual properties of the detected transients, such as temporal coincidence of explosion epoch with the IceCube timestamp, or other peculiar light curve and physical properties. We found only one transient that had properties worthy of a specific follow-up. In the Pan-STARRS1 imaging for IceCube-160427A (probability to be of astrophysical origin of ∼50%), we found a SN PS16cgx, located at 10.0′ from the nominal IceCube direction. Spectroscopic observations of PS16cgx showed that it was an H-poor SN at redshift zâ=â0.2895â ±â 0.0001. The spectra and light curve resemble some high-energy Type Ic SNe, raising the possibility of a jet driven SN with an explosion epoch temporally coincident with the neutrino detection. However, distinguishing Type Ia and Type Ic SNe at this redshift is notoriously difficult. Based on all available data we conclude that the transient is more likely to be a Type Ia with relatively weak Siâ» II absorption and a fairly normal rest-frame r-band light curve. If, as predicted, there is no high-energy neutrino emission from Type Ia SNe, then PS16cgx must be a random coincidence, and unrelated to the IceCube-160427A. We find no other plausible optical transient for any of the five IceCube events observed down to a 5σ limiting magnitude of miP1â≈â22 mag, between 1 day and 25 days after detection.

AB - In order to identify the sources of the observed diffuse high-energy neutrino flux, it is crucial to discover their electromagnetic counterparts. To increase the sensitivity of detecting counterparts of transient or variable sources by telescopes with a limited field of view, IceCube began releasing alerts for single high-energy (Eνâ> â60 TeV) neutrino detections with sky localisation regions of order 1° radius in 2016. We used Pan-STARRS1 to follow-up five of these alerts during 2016-2017 to search for any optical transients that may be related to the neutrinos. Typically 10-20 faint (miP1âââ22.5 mag) extragalactic transients are found within the Pan-STARRS1 footprints and are generally consistent with being unrelated field supernovae (SNe) and AGN. We looked for unusual properties of the detected transients, such as temporal coincidence of explosion epoch with the IceCube timestamp, or other peculiar light curve and physical properties. We found only one transient that had properties worthy of a specific follow-up. In the Pan-STARRS1 imaging for IceCube-160427A (probability to be of astrophysical origin of ∼50%), we found a SN PS16cgx, located at 10.0′ from the nominal IceCube direction. Spectroscopic observations of PS16cgx showed that it was an H-poor SN at redshift zâ=â0.2895â ±â 0.0001. The spectra and light curve resemble some high-energy Type Ic SNe, raising the possibility of a jet driven SN with an explosion epoch temporally coincident with the neutrino detection. However, distinguishing Type Ia and Type Ic SNe at this redshift is notoriously difficult. Based on all available data we conclude that the transient is more likely to be a Type Ia with relatively weak Siâ» II absorption and a fairly normal rest-frame r-band light curve. If, as predicted, there is no high-energy neutrino emission from Type Ia SNe, then PS16cgx must be a random coincidence, and unrelated to the IceCube-160427A. We find no other plausible optical transient for any of the five IceCube events observed down to a 5σ limiting magnitude of miP1â≈â22 mag, between 1 day and 25 days after detection.

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U2 - 10.1051/0004-6361/201935171

DO - 10.1051/0004-6361/201935171

M3 - Article

VL - 626

JO - Astronomy and Astrophysics

JF - Astronomy and Astrophysics

SN - 0004-6361

M1 - A117

ER -