Searching for fast extragalactic X-ray transients in Chandra surveys

G. Yang, W. N. Brandt, S. F. Zhu, F. E. Bauer, B. Luo, Y. Q. Xue, X. C. Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent works have discovered two fast (≈10 ks) extragalactic X-ray transients in the Chandra Deep Field-South (CDF-S XT1 and XT2). These findings suggest that a large population of similar extragalactic transients might exist in archival X-ray observations. We develop a method that can effectively detect such transients in a single Chandra exposure, and systematically apply it to Chandra surveys of CDF-S, CDF-N, DEEP2, UDS, COSMOS, and E-CDF-S, totaling 19 Ms of exposure. We find 13 transient candidates, including CDF-S XT1 and XT2. With the aid of available excellent multiwavelength observations, we identify the physical nature of all these candidates. Aside from CDF-S XT1 and XT2, the other 11 sources are all stellar objects, and all of them have z-band magnitudes brighter than 20. We estimate an event rate of {59+77-38} for CDF-S XT-like transients with 0.5-7 keV peak fluxes log Fpeak -12.6 (erg cm-2 s-1). This event rate translates to {15+20-10} transients existing among Chandra archival observations at Galactic latitudes |b| > 20°, which can be probed in future work. Future missions such as Athena and the Einstein Probe with large grasps (effective area × field of view) are needed to discover a large sample (∼thousands) of fast extragalactic X-ray transients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4721-4736
Number of pages16
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume487
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 25 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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