Searching for neutral hydrogen halos around z ∼ 2.1 and z ∼ 3.1 Lyα emitting galaxies

John J. Feldmeier, Alex Hagen, Robin Ciardullo, Caryl Gronwall, Eric Gawiser, Lucia Guaita, Lea M.Z. Hagen, Nicholas A. Bond, Viviana Acquaviva, Guillermo A. Blanc, Alvaro Orsi, Peter Kurczynski

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36 Scopus citations

Abstract

We search for evidence of diffuse Lyα emission from extended neutral hydrogen surrounding Lyα emitting galaxies (LAEs) using deep narrow-band images of the Extended Chandra Deep Field South. By stacking the profiles of 187 LAEs at z = 2.06, 241 LAEs at z = 3.10, and 179 LAEs at z = 3.12, and carefully performing low-surface brightness photometry, we obtain mean surface brightness maps that reach 9.9, 8.7, and 6.2 × 10-19 erg cm-2 s-1 arcsec-2 in the emission line. We undertake a thorough investigation of systematic uncertainties in our surface brightness measurements and find that our limits are 5-10 times larger than would be expected from Poisson background fluctuations; these uncertainties are often underestimated in the literature. At z 3.1, we find evidence for extended halos with small-scale lengths of 5-8 kpc in some but not all of our sub-samples. We demonstrate that sub-samples of LAEs with low equivalent widths and brighter continuum magnitudes are more likely to possess such halos. At z 2.1, we find no evidence of extended Lyα emission down to our detection limits. Through Monte-Carlo simulations, we also show that we would have detected large diffuse LAE halos if they were present in our data sets. We compare these findings to other measurements in the literature and discuss possible instrumental and astrophysical reasons for the discrepancies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number75
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume776
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 20 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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