Searching for topological Fermi arcs via quasiparticle interference on a type-II Weyl semimetal MoTe 2

D. Iaia, G. Chang, T.-R. Chang, J. Hu, Z. Mao, H. Lin, S. Yan, V. Madhavan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Weyl semimetals display a novel topological phase of matter where the Weyl nodes emerge in pairs of opposite chirality and can be seen as either a source or a sink of Berry curvature. The exotic effects in Weyl semimetals, such as surface Fermi arcs and the chiral anomaly, make them a new playground for exploring novel functionalities. Further exploiting their potential applications requires clear understanding of their topological electronic properties. Here we report a Fourier transform scanning tunneling spectroscopy (FT-STS) study on a type-II Weyl semimetal candidate MoTe 2 whose Weyl points are predicated to be located above Fermi level. Although its electronic structure below the Fermi level has been identified by angle resolved photo emission spectroscopy, by comparing our experimental data with first-principles calculations, we are able to identify the origins of multiple scattering channels both below and above Fermi level. Our calculations also show the existence of both trivial and topological arc-like states above the Fermi energy. In the FT-STS experiments, we have observed strong signals from intra-arc scatterings as well as from the scattering between the arc-like surface states and the projected bulk states. A detailed comparison between our experimental observations and calculated results reveals the trivial and non-trivial scattering channels are difficult to distinguish in this compound. Interestingly, we find that the broken inversion symmetry changes the terminating states on the two inequivalent surfaces, which in turn changes the relative strength of the scattering channels observed in the FT-STS images on the two surfaces. \ 2018 The Author(s).
Original languageEnglish
Journalnpj Quantum Materials
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

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Metalloids
metalloids
Fermi level
arcs
Scattering
interference
Fourier transforms
Spectroscopy
Scanning
scattering
spectroscopy
scanning
Fermi surface
Chirality
Multiple scattering
Emission spectroscopy
Surface states
Electronic properties
Electronic structure
sinks

Cite this

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title = "Searching for topological Fermi arcs via quasiparticle interference on a type-II Weyl semimetal MoTe 2",
abstract = "Weyl semimetals display a novel topological phase of matter where the Weyl nodes emerge in pairs of opposite chirality and can be seen as either a source or a sink of Berry curvature. The exotic effects in Weyl semimetals, such as surface Fermi arcs and the chiral anomaly, make them a new playground for exploring novel functionalities. Further exploiting their potential applications requires clear understanding of their topological electronic properties. Here we report a Fourier transform scanning tunneling spectroscopy (FT-STS) study on a type-II Weyl semimetal candidate MoTe 2 whose Weyl points are predicated to be located above Fermi level. Although its electronic structure below the Fermi level has been identified by angle resolved photo emission spectroscopy, by comparing our experimental data with first-principles calculations, we are able to identify the origins of multiple scattering channels both below and above Fermi level. Our calculations also show the existence of both trivial and topological arc-like states above the Fermi energy. In the FT-STS experiments, we have observed strong signals from intra-arc scatterings as well as from the scattering between the arc-like surface states and the projected bulk states. A detailed comparison between our experimental observations and calculated results reveals the trivial and non-trivial scattering channels are difficult to distinguish in this compound. Interestingly, we find that the broken inversion symmetry changes the terminating states on the two inequivalent surfaces, which in turn changes the relative strength of the scattering channels observed in the FT-STS images on the two surfaces. \ 2018 The Author(s).",
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Searching for topological Fermi arcs via quasiparticle interference on a type-II Weyl semimetal MoTe 2. / Iaia, D.; Chang, G.; Chang, T.-R.; Hu, J.; Mao, Z.; Lin, H.; Yan, S.; Madhavan, V.

In: npj Quantum Materials, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Chang, G.

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AU - Mao, Z.

AU - Lin, H.

AU - Yan, S.

AU - Madhavan, V.

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AB - Weyl semimetals display a novel topological phase of matter where the Weyl nodes emerge in pairs of opposite chirality and can be seen as either a source or a sink of Berry curvature. The exotic effects in Weyl semimetals, such as surface Fermi arcs and the chiral anomaly, make them a new playground for exploring novel functionalities. Further exploiting their potential applications requires clear understanding of their topological electronic properties. Here we report a Fourier transform scanning tunneling spectroscopy (FT-STS) study on a type-II Weyl semimetal candidate MoTe 2 whose Weyl points are predicated to be located above Fermi level. Although its electronic structure below the Fermi level has been identified by angle resolved photo emission spectroscopy, by comparing our experimental data with first-principles calculations, we are able to identify the origins of multiple scattering channels both below and above Fermi level. Our calculations also show the existence of both trivial and topological arc-like states above the Fermi energy. In the FT-STS experiments, we have observed strong signals from intra-arc scatterings as well as from the scattering between the arc-like surface states and the projected bulk states. A detailed comparison between our experimental observations and calculated results reveals the trivial and non-trivial scattering channels are difficult to distinguish in this compound. Interestingly, we find that the broken inversion symmetry changes the terminating states on the two inequivalent surfaces, which in turn changes the relative strength of the scattering channels observed in the FT-STS images on the two surfaces. \ 2018 The Author(s).

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