Seasonal patterns of root growth in relation to shoot phenology in grape and apple

David Eissenstat, T. L. Bauerle, L. H. Comas, D. Neilsen, G. H. Neilsen, A. N. Lakso, D. R. Smart

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Growers plan many of their horticultural activities around certain shoot phenological stages such as bloom and veraison. Timing of root growth in relation to these stages of the shoot is of interest in fertilization scheduling and understanding carbon allocation demands of the root system. With the recent use of minirhizotron root observation tubes, a much greater understanding of patterns of root growth has been made possible. In this paper some published work and present data from ongoing studies on timing of root production are reviewed. Studies discussed include ongoing work in grape vineyards in Fredonia, New York, USA (Vitis lambruscana), and Oakville, California, USA (V. vinifera), and in apple orchards (Malus × domestica) in Summerland, British Columbia, Canada. Root production mainly occurs in the summer, but the specific timing varies widely between bloom and harvest from year to year. Usually there is little root growth in the few weeks prior to harvest and when the vines are dormant. Cultural practices may affect root production, usually from a combination of changes in the soil environment (moisture, temperature) and changes in photosynthetic capacity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Fifth International Symposium Mineral Nutrition of Fruit Plants
PublisherInternational Society for Horticultural Science
Pages21-26
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9066056398, 9789066056398
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
Volume721
ISSN (Print)0567-7572

Fingerprint

phenology
grapes
root growth
apples
seasonal variation
shoots
Vitis
edaphic factors
Malus domestica
plant cultural practices
vineyards
Vitis vinifera
British Columbia
vines
root systems
growers
orchards
Canada
carbon
summer

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Horticulture

Cite this

Eissenstat, D., Bauerle, T. L., Comas, L. H., Neilsen, D., Neilsen, G. H., Lakso, A. N., & Smart, D. R. (2006). Seasonal patterns of root growth in relation to shoot phenology in grape and apple. In Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium Mineral Nutrition of Fruit Plants (pp. 21-26). (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 721). International Society for Horticultural Science. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2006.721.1
Eissenstat, David ; Bauerle, T. L. ; Comas, L. H. ; Neilsen, D. ; Neilsen, G. H. ; Lakso, A. N. ; Smart, D. R. / Seasonal patterns of root growth in relation to shoot phenology in grape and apple. Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium Mineral Nutrition of Fruit Plants. International Society for Horticultural Science, 2006. pp. 21-26 (Acta Horticulturae).
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Eissenstat, D, Bauerle, TL, Comas, LH, Neilsen, D, Neilsen, GH, Lakso, AN & Smart, DR 2006, Seasonal patterns of root growth in relation to shoot phenology in grape and apple. in Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium Mineral Nutrition of Fruit Plants. Acta Horticulturae, vol. 721, International Society for Horticultural Science, pp. 21-26. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2006.721.1

Seasonal patterns of root growth in relation to shoot phenology in grape and apple. / Eissenstat, David; Bauerle, T. L.; Comas, L. H.; Neilsen, D.; Neilsen, G. H.; Lakso, A. N.; Smart, D. R.

Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium Mineral Nutrition of Fruit Plants. International Society for Horticultural Science, 2006. p. 21-26 (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 721).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Eissenstat D, Bauerle TL, Comas LH, Neilsen D, Neilsen GH, Lakso AN et al. Seasonal patterns of root growth in relation to shoot phenology in grape and apple. In Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium Mineral Nutrition of Fruit Plants. International Society for Horticultural Science. 2006. p. 21-26. (Acta Horticulturae). https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2006.721.1