Seasonality of ecosystem respiration and gross primary production as derived from FLUXNET measurements

Eva Falge, Dennis Baldocchi, John Tenhunen, Marc Aubinet, Peter Bakwin, Paul Berbigier, Christian Bernhofer, George Burba, Robert Clement, Kenneth J. Davis, Jan A. Elbers, Allen H. Goldstein, Achim Grelle, André Granier, Jón Gumundsson, David Hollinger, Andrew S. Kowalski, Gabriel Katul, Beverly E. Law, Yadvinder MalhiTilden Meyers, Russell K. Monson, J. William Munger, Walt Oechel, Kyaw Tha Paw U, Kim Pilegaard, Üllar Rannik, Corinna Rebmann, Andrew Suyker, Riccardo Valentini, Kell Wilson, Steve Wofsy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

473 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Differences in the seasonal pattern of assimilatory and respiratory processes are responsible for divergences in seasonal net carbon exchange among ecosystems. Using FLUXNET data (http://www.eosdis.ornl.gov/FLUXNET) we have analyzed seasonal patterns of gross primary productivity (FGPP), and ecosystem respiration (FRE) of boreal and temperate, deciduous and coniferous forests, Mediterranean evergreen systems, a rainforest, temperate grasslands, and C3 and C4 crops. Based on generalized seasonal patterns classifications of ecosystems into vegetation functional types can be evaluated for use in global productivity and climate change models. The results of this study contribute to our understanding of respiratory costs of assimilated carbon in various ecosystems. Seasonal variability of FGPP and FRE of the investigated sites increased in the order tropical < Mediterranean < temperate coniferous < temperate deciduous < boreal forests. Together with the boreal forest sites, the managed grasslands and crops show the largest seasonal variability. In the temperate coniferous forests, seasonal patterns of FGPP and FRE are in phase, in the temperate deciduous and boreal coniferous forests FRE was delayed compared to FGPP, resulting in the greatest imbalance between respiratory and assimilatory fluxes early in the growing season. FGPP adjusted for the length of the carbon uptake period decreased at the sampling sites across functional types in the order C4 crops, temperate and boreal deciduous forests (7.5-8.3 g C m-2 per day) > temperate conifers, C3 grassland and crops (5.7-6.9 g C m-2 per day) > boreal conifers (4.6 g C m-2 per day). Annual FGPP and net ecosystem productivity (FNEP) decreased across climate zones in the order tropical > temperate > boreal. However, the decrease in FNEP with latitude was greater than the decrease in FGPP, indicating a larger contribution of respiratory (especially heterotrophic) processes in boreal systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-74
Number of pages22
JournalAgricultural and Forest Meteorology
Volume113
Issue number1-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2 2002

Fingerprint

ecosystem respiration
seasonality
primary production
primary productivity
respiration
seasonal variation
net ecosystem production
ecosystem
conifers
ecosystems
grasslands
productivity
carbon
crops
coniferous tree
temperate forests
deciduous forests
coniferous forests
rain forests
grassland

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Forestry
  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Falge, E., Baldocchi, D., Tenhunen, J., Aubinet, M., Bakwin, P., Berbigier, P., ... Wofsy, S. (2002). Seasonality of ecosystem respiration and gross primary production as derived from FLUXNET measurements. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 113(1-4), 53-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-1923(02)00102-8
Falge, Eva ; Baldocchi, Dennis ; Tenhunen, John ; Aubinet, Marc ; Bakwin, Peter ; Berbigier, Paul ; Bernhofer, Christian ; Burba, George ; Clement, Robert ; Davis, Kenneth J. ; Elbers, Jan A. ; Goldstein, Allen H. ; Grelle, Achim ; Granier, André ; Gumundsson, Jón ; Hollinger, David ; Kowalski, Andrew S. ; Katul, Gabriel ; Law, Beverly E. ; Malhi, Yadvinder ; Meyers, Tilden ; Monson, Russell K. ; Munger, J. William ; Oechel, Walt ; Paw U, Kyaw Tha ; Pilegaard, Kim ; Rannik, Üllar ; Rebmann, Corinna ; Suyker, Andrew ; Valentini, Riccardo ; Wilson, Kell ; Wofsy, Steve. / Seasonality of ecosystem respiration and gross primary production as derived from FLUXNET measurements. In: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 2002 ; Vol. 113, No. 1-4. pp. 53-74.
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abstract = "Differences in the seasonal pattern of assimilatory and respiratory processes are responsible for divergences in seasonal net carbon exchange among ecosystems. Using FLUXNET data (http://www.eosdis.ornl.gov/FLUXNET) we have analyzed seasonal patterns of gross primary productivity (FGPP), and ecosystem respiration (FRE) of boreal and temperate, deciduous and coniferous forests, Mediterranean evergreen systems, a rainforest, temperate grasslands, and C3 and C4 crops. Based on generalized seasonal patterns classifications of ecosystems into vegetation functional types can be evaluated for use in global productivity and climate change models. The results of this study contribute to our understanding of respiratory costs of assimilated carbon in various ecosystems. Seasonal variability of FGPP and FRE of the investigated sites increased in the order tropical < Mediterranean < temperate coniferous < temperate deciduous < boreal forests. Together with the boreal forest sites, the managed grasslands and crops show the largest seasonal variability. In the temperate coniferous forests, seasonal patterns of FGPP and FRE are in phase, in the temperate deciduous and boreal coniferous forests FRE was delayed compared to FGPP, resulting in the greatest imbalance between respiratory and assimilatory fluxes early in the growing season. FGPP adjusted for the length of the carbon uptake period decreased at the sampling sites across functional types in the order C4 crops, temperate and boreal deciduous forests (7.5-8.3 g C m-2 per day) > temperate conifers, C3 grassland and crops (5.7-6.9 g C m-2 per day) > boreal conifers (4.6 g C m-2 per day). Annual FGPP and net ecosystem productivity (FNEP) decreased across climate zones in the order tropical > temperate > boreal. However, the decrease in FNEP with latitude was greater than the decrease in FGPP, indicating a larger contribution of respiratory (especially heterotrophic) processes in boreal systems.",
author = "Eva Falge and Dennis Baldocchi and John Tenhunen and Marc Aubinet and Peter Bakwin and Paul Berbigier and Christian Bernhofer and George Burba and Robert Clement and Davis, {Kenneth J.} and Elbers, {Jan A.} and Goldstein, {Allen H.} and Achim Grelle and Andr{\'e} Granier and J{\'o}n Gumundsson and David Hollinger and Kowalski, {Andrew S.} and Gabriel Katul and Law, {Beverly E.} and Yadvinder Malhi and Tilden Meyers and Monson, {Russell K.} and Munger, {J. William} and Walt Oechel and {Paw U}, {Kyaw Tha} and Kim Pilegaard and {\"U}llar Rannik and Corinna Rebmann and Andrew Suyker and Riccardo Valentini and Kell Wilson and Steve Wofsy",
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Falge, E, Baldocchi, D, Tenhunen, J, Aubinet, M, Bakwin, P, Berbigier, P, Bernhofer, C, Burba, G, Clement, R, Davis, KJ, Elbers, JA, Goldstein, AH, Grelle, A, Granier, A, Gumundsson, J, Hollinger, D, Kowalski, AS, Katul, G, Law, BE, Malhi, Y, Meyers, T, Monson, RK, Munger, JW, Oechel, W, Paw U, KT, Pilegaard, K, Rannik, Ü, Rebmann, C, Suyker, A, Valentini, R, Wilson, K & Wofsy, S 2002, 'Seasonality of ecosystem respiration and gross primary production as derived from FLUXNET measurements', Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol. 113, no. 1-4, pp. 53-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-1923(02)00102-8

Seasonality of ecosystem respiration and gross primary production as derived from FLUXNET measurements. / Falge, Eva; Baldocchi, Dennis; Tenhunen, John; Aubinet, Marc; Bakwin, Peter; Berbigier, Paul; Bernhofer, Christian; Burba, George; Clement, Robert; Davis, Kenneth J.; Elbers, Jan A.; Goldstein, Allen H.; Grelle, Achim; Granier, André; Gumundsson, Jón; Hollinger, David; Kowalski, Andrew S.; Katul, Gabriel; Law, Beverly E.; Malhi, Yadvinder; Meyers, Tilden; Monson, Russell K.; Munger, J. William; Oechel, Walt; Paw U, Kyaw Tha; Pilegaard, Kim; Rannik, Üllar; Rebmann, Corinna; Suyker, Andrew; Valentini, Riccardo; Wilson, Kell; Wofsy, Steve.

In: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 113, No. 1-4, 02.12.2002, p. 53-74.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Seasonality of ecosystem respiration and gross primary production as derived from FLUXNET measurements

AU - Falge, Eva

AU - Baldocchi, Dennis

AU - Tenhunen, John

AU - Aubinet, Marc

AU - Bakwin, Peter

AU - Berbigier, Paul

AU - Bernhofer, Christian

AU - Burba, George

AU - Clement, Robert

AU - Davis, Kenneth J.

AU - Elbers, Jan A.

AU - Goldstein, Allen H.

AU - Grelle, Achim

AU - Granier, André

AU - Gumundsson, Jón

AU - Hollinger, David

AU - Kowalski, Andrew S.

AU - Katul, Gabriel

AU - Law, Beverly E.

AU - Malhi, Yadvinder

AU - Meyers, Tilden

AU - Monson, Russell K.

AU - Munger, J. William

AU - Oechel, Walt

AU - Paw U, Kyaw Tha

AU - Pilegaard, Kim

AU - Rannik, Üllar

AU - Rebmann, Corinna

AU - Suyker, Andrew

AU - Valentini, Riccardo

AU - Wilson, Kell

AU - Wofsy, Steve

PY - 2002/12/2

Y1 - 2002/12/2

N2 - Differences in the seasonal pattern of assimilatory and respiratory processes are responsible for divergences in seasonal net carbon exchange among ecosystems. Using FLUXNET data (http://www.eosdis.ornl.gov/FLUXNET) we have analyzed seasonal patterns of gross primary productivity (FGPP), and ecosystem respiration (FRE) of boreal and temperate, deciduous and coniferous forests, Mediterranean evergreen systems, a rainforest, temperate grasslands, and C3 and C4 crops. Based on generalized seasonal patterns classifications of ecosystems into vegetation functional types can be evaluated for use in global productivity and climate change models. The results of this study contribute to our understanding of respiratory costs of assimilated carbon in various ecosystems. Seasonal variability of FGPP and FRE of the investigated sites increased in the order tropical < Mediterranean < temperate coniferous < temperate deciduous < boreal forests. Together with the boreal forest sites, the managed grasslands and crops show the largest seasonal variability. In the temperate coniferous forests, seasonal patterns of FGPP and FRE are in phase, in the temperate deciduous and boreal coniferous forests FRE was delayed compared to FGPP, resulting in the greatest imbalance between respiratory and assimilatory fluxes early in the growing season. FGPP adjusted for the length of the carbon uptake period decreased at the sampling sites across functional types in the order C4 crops, temperate and boreal deciduous forests (7.5-8.3 g C m-2 per day) > temperate conifers, C3 grassland and crops (5.7-6.9 g C m-2 per day) > boreal conifers (4.6 g C m-2 per day). Annual FGPP and net ecosystem productivity (FNEP) decreased across climate zones in the order tropical > temperate > boreal. However, the decrease in FNEP with latitude was greater than the decrease in FGPP, indicating a larger contribution of respiratory (especially heterotrophic) processes in boreal systems.

AB - Differences in the seasonal pattern of assimilatory and respiratory processes are responsible for divergences in seasonal net carbon exchange among ecosystems. Using FLUXNET data (http://www.eosdis.ornl.gov/FLUXNET) we have analyzed seasonal patterns of gross primary productivity (FGPP), and ecosystem respiration (FRE) of boreal and temperate, deciduous and coniferous forests, Mediterranean evergreen systems, a rainforest, temperate grasslands, and C3 and C4 crops. Based on generalized seasonal patterns classifications of ecosystems into vegetation functional types can be evaluated for use in global productivity and climate change models. The results of this study contribute to our understanding of respiratory costs of assimilated carbon in various ecosystems. Seasonal variability of FGPP and FRE of the investigated sites increased in the order tropical < Mediterranean < temperate coniferous < temperate deciduous < boreal forests. Together with the boreal forest sites, the managed grasslands and crops show the largest seasonal variability. In the temperate coniferous forests, seasonal patterns of FGPP and FRE are in phase, in the temperate deciduous and boreal coniferous forests FRE was delayed compared to FGPP, resulting in the greatest imbalance between respiratory and assimilatory fluxes early in the growing season. FGPP adjusted for the length of the carbon uptake period decreased at the sampling sites across functional types in the order C4 crops, temperate and boreal deciduous forests (7.5-8.3 g C m-2 per day) > temperate conifers, C3 grassland and crops (5.7-6.9 g C m-2 per day) > boreal conifers (4.6 g C m-2 per day). Annual FGPP and net ecosystem productivity (FNEP) decreased across climate zones in the order tropical > temperate > boreal. However, the decrease in FNEP with latitude was greater than the decrease in FGPP, indicating a larger contribution of respiratory (especially heterotrophic) processes in boreal systems.

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