Secondary earner strategies and family poverty: immigrant-native differentials, 1960-1980

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Since the mid-1960s, the US has witnessed a new wave of immigration that has been characterized by dramatic increases in both the number of new arrivals entering to be reunited with kin and the flows from Asian and Latin American countries. The new immigration has given rise to concern that the US is welcoming far too many people destined for the bottom of the socioeconomic ladder. These fears run contrary to the traditional image of immigrants as being willing to make sacrifices via labor force commitment in order to prosper economically. To address these issues, this article studies immigrant-native differentials in the ability of secondary earners to lift families out of poverty. Using both descriptive and multivariate techniques to analyze the 1960, 1970 and 1980 US Census Public Use Samples, it compares immigrant and native families among four key race groups: white, black, Hispanic and Asian. It is shown that the ameliorative impact of secondary earners is greater for immigrant than native families; that this generalization holds for whites, blacks and Hispanics but not Asians; and that the immigrant advantage in ameliorative effects vis-a-vis natives declined noticeably over the 1960-1980 period for all but Asian families. -from Author

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-140
Number of pages28
JournalInternational Migration Review
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

Fingerprint

immigrant
poverty
immigration
labor force
census
Poverty
Immigrants
commitment
anxiety
ability
Asia
Group
Immigration

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Demography
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

@article{5ca4fcbe33764d86a9ad81e15d344e3c,
title = "Secondary earner strategies and family poverty: immigrant-native differentials, 1960-1980",
abstract = "Since the mid-1960s, the US has witnessed a new wave of immigration that has been characterized by dramatic increases in both the number of new arrivals entering to be reunited with kin and the flows from Asian and Latin American countries. The new immigration has given rise to concern that the US is welcoming far too many people destined for the bottom of the socioeconomic ladder. These fears run contrary to the traditional image of immigrants as being willing to make sacrifices via labor force commitment in order to prosper economically. To address these issues, this article studies immigrant-native differentials in the ability of secondary earners to lift families out of poverty. Using both descriptive and multivariate techniques to analyze the 1960, 1970 and 1980 US Census Public Use Samples, it compares immigrant and native families among four key race groups: white, black, Hispanic and Asian. It is shown that the ameliorative impact of secondary earners is greater for immigrant than native families; that this generalization holds for whites, blacks and Hispanics but not Asians; and that the immigrant advantage in ameliorative effects vis-a-vis natives declined noticeably over the 1960-1980 period for all but Asian families. -from Author",
author = "Leif Jensen",
year = "1991",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2307/2546236",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "25",
pages = "113--140",
journal = "International Migration Review",
issn = "0197-9183",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

Secondary earner strategies and family poverty : immigrant-native differentials, 1960-1980. / Jensen, Leif.

In: International Migration Review, Vol. 25, No. 1, 01.01.1991, p. 113-140.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Secondary earner strategies and family poverty

T2 - immigrant-native differentials, 1960-1980

AU - Jensen, Leif

PY - 1991/1/1

Y1 - 1991/1/1

N2 - Since the mid-1960s, the US has witnessed a new wave of immigration that has been characterized by dramatic increases in both the number of new arrivals entering to be reunited with kin and the flows from Asian and Latin American countries. The new immigration has given rise to concern that the US is welcoming far too many people destined for the bottom of the socioeconomic ladder. These fears run contrary to the traditional image of immigrants as being willing to make sacrifices via labor force commitment in order to prosper economically. To address these issues, this article studies immigrant-native differentials in the ability of secondary earners to lift families out of poverty. Using both descriptive and multivariate techniques to analyze the 1960, 1970 and 1980 US Census Public Use Samples, it compares immigrant and native families among four key race groups: white, black, Hispanic and Asian. It is shown that the ameliorative impact of secondary earners is greater for immigrant than native families; that this generalization holds for whites, blacks and Hispanics but not Asians; and that the immigrant advantage in ameliorative effects vis-a-vis natives declined noticeably over the 1960-1980 period for all but Asian families. -from Author

AB - Since the mid-1960s, the US has witnessed a new wave of immigration that has been characterized by dramatic increases in both the number of new arrivals entering to be reunited with kin and the flows from Asian and Latin American countries. The new immigration has given rise to concern that the US is welcoming far too many people destined for the bottom of the socioeconomic ladder. These fears run contrary to the traditional image of immigrants as being willing to make sacrifices via labor force commitment in order to prosper economically. To address these issues, this article studies immigrant-native differentials in the ability of secondary earners to lift families out of poverty. Using both descriptive and multivariate techniques to analyze the 1960, 1970 and 1980 US Census Public Use Samples, it compares immigrant and native families among four key race groups: white, black, Hispanic and Asian. It is shown that the ameliorative impact of secondary earners is greater for immigrant than native families; that this generalization holds for whites, blacks and Hispanics but not Asians; and that the immigrant advantage in ameliorative effects vis-a-vis natives declined noticeably over the 1960-1980 period for all but Asian families. -from Author

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0026359936&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0026359936&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2307/2546236

DO - 10.2307/2546236

M3 - Article

C2 - 12316773

AN - SCOPUS:0026359936

VL - 25

SP - 113

EP - 140

JO - International Migration Review

JF - International Migration Review

SN - 0197-9183

IS - 1

ER -