Secondary ion mass spectrometry/X‐ray photoelectron spectroscopy study of CO adsorption on Ni and of Fischer–Tropsch synthesis on FeRu alloys

T. Fleisch, W. N. Delgass, Nicholas Winograd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The adsorption of CO on a Ni(100) single crystal surface has been investigated by X‐ray photoelectron spectroscopy and static secondary ion mass spectrometry. At room temperature CO chemisorbs molecularly on Ni. A saturation coverage of about 0.5 monolayer is reached after 2 L CO exposure. The NiCO+/Ni2CO+ ratio increases from very low values at low coverage to a saturation value of about 4.5. Dynamic studies of Ni+ and NiCO+ yields during exposure to 1.3 × 10−6 to 1.3 × 10−5 Pa of CO show reversible pressure and temperature dependent changes in addition to chemisorption. We ascribe these effects to CO weakly adsorbed on both the clean and CO‐covered Ni surface. The interaction of CO and H2 with FeRu alloy surfaces has been studied by XPS and SIMS as well as by kinetic measurements. Fe surface enrichment is observed which explains the catalytic behavior of the alloys in Fischer–Tropsch synthesis (FTS). Ru rich surfaces remain unchanged during FTS but an extensive and rapid carbon build‐up is found on the alloy surfaces. Silica supported alloys coke more slowly. The carbon build up on pure Fe is preceded by a carbide formation that coincides with a maximum in hydrocarbon synthesis activity. Potassium promoted Fe exhibits a faster carbon deposition than pure Fe, but the potassium appears to stay on the uppermost surface by diffusing through the carbon layers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-28
Number of pages6
JournalSurface and Interface Analysis
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1981

Fingerprint

Carbon Monoxide
Photoelectron spectroscopy
Secondary ion mass spectrometry
secondary ion mass spectrometry
photoelectron spectroscopy
Adsorption
adsorption
Carbon
synthesis
carbon
Potassium
potassium
Single crystal surfaces
saturation
coke
Chemisorption
Hydrocarbons
guy wires
crystal surfaces
Coke

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Secondary ion mass spectrometry/X‐ray photoelectron spectroscopy study of CO adsorption on Ni and of Fischer–Tropsch synthesis on FeRu alloys",
abstract = "The adsorption of CO on a Ni(100) single crystal surface has been investigated by X‐ray photoelectron spectroscopy and static secondary ion mass spectrometry. At room temperature CO chemisorbs molecularly on Ni. A saturation coverage of about 0.5 monolayer is reached after 2 L CO exposure. The NiCO+/Ni2CO+ ratio increases from very low values at low coverage to a saturation value of about 4.5. Dynamic studies of Ni+ and NiCO+ yields during exposure to 1.3 × 10−6 to 1.3 × 10−5 Pa of CO show reversible pressure and temperature dependent changes in addition to chemisorption. We ascribe these effects to CO weakly adsorbed on both the clean and CO‐covered Ni surface. The interaction of CO and H2 with FeRu alloy surfaces has been studied by XPS and SIMS as well as by kinetic measurements. Fe surface enrichment is observed which explains the catalytic behavior of the alloys in Fischer–Tropsch synthesis (FTS). Ru rich surfaces remain unchanged during FTS but an extensive and rapid carbon build‐up is found on the alloy surfaces. Silica supported alloys coke more slowly. The carbon build up on pure Fe is preceded by a carbide formation that coincides with a maximum in hydrocarbon synthesis activity. Potassium promoted Fe exhibits a faster carbon deposition than pure Fe, but the potassium appears to stay on the uppermost surface by diffusing through the carbon layers.",
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T1 - Secondary ion mass spectrometry/X‐ray photoelectron spectroscopy study of CO adsorption on Ni and of Fischer–Tropsch synthesis on FeRu alloys

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AU - Winograd, Nicholas

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Y1 - 1981/1/1

N2 - The adsorption of CO on a Ni(100) single crystal surface has been investigated by X‐ray photoelectron spectroscopy and static secondary ion mass spectrometry. At room temperature CO chemisorbs molecularly on Ni. A saturation coverage of about 0.5 monolayer is reached after 2 L CO exposure. The NiCO+/Ni2CO+ ratio increases from very low values at low coverage to a saturation value of about 4.5. Dynamic studies of Ni+ and NiCO+ yields during exposure to 1.3 × 10−6 to 1.3 × 10−5 Pa of CO show reversible pressure and temperature dependent changes in addition to chemisorption. We ascribe these effects to CO weakly adsorbed on both the clean and CO‐covered Ni surface. The interaction of CO and H2 with FeRu alloy surfaces has been studied by XPS and SIMS as well as by kinetic measurements. Fe surface enrichment is observed which explains the catalytic behavior of the alloys in Fischer–Tropsch synthesis (FTS). Ru rich surfaces remain unchanged during FTS but an extensive and rapid carbon build‐up is found on the alloy surfaces. Silica supported alloys coke more slowly. The carbon build up on pure Fe is preceded by a carbide formation that coincides with a maximum in hydrocarbon synthesis activity. Potassium promoted Fe exhibits a faster carbon deposition than pure Fe, but the potassium appears to stay on the uppermost surface by diffusing through the carbon layers.

AB - The adsorption of CO on a Ni(100) single crystal surface has been investigated by X‐ray photoelectron spectroscopy and static secondary ion mass spectrometry. At room temperature CO chemisorbs molecularly on Ni. A saturation coverage of about 0.5 monolayer is reached after 2 L CO exposure. The NiCO+/Ni2CO+ ratio increases from very low values at low coverage to a saturation value of about 4.5. Dynamic studies of Ni+ and NiCO+ yields during exposure to 1.3 × 10−6 to 1.3 × 10−5 Pa of CO show reversible pressure and temperature dependent changes in addition to chemisorption. We ascribe these effects to CO weakly adsorbed on both the clean and CO‐covered Ni surface. The interaction of CO and H2 with FeRu alloy surfaces has been studied by XPS and SIMS as well as by kinetic measurements. Fe surface enrichment is observed which explains the catalytic behavior of the alloys in Fischer–Tropsch synthesis (FTS). Ru rich surfaces remain unchanged during FTS but an extensive and rapid carbon build‐up is found on the alloy surfaces. Silica supported alloys coke more slowly. The carbon build up on pure Fe is preceded by a carbide formation that coincides with a maximum in hydrocarbon synthesis activity. Potassium promoted Fe exhibits a faster carbon deposition than pure Fe, but the potassium appears to stay on the uppermost surface by diffusing through the carbon layers.

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