Secure spread spectrum communication using ultrawideband random noise signals

Jack Chuang, Matthew W. DeMay, Ram Mohan Narayanan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ultrawideband (UWB) random noise signals provide secure communications because they cannot, in general, be detected using conventional receivers and are jam-resistant. We describe the theoretical underpinnings of a novel spread spectrum technique that can be used for covert communications using transmissions over orthogonal polarization channels. The technique is based on the use of heterodyne correlation techniques to inject coherence in a random noise signal. The transmitted signal is featureless and appears unpolarized and noise-like; thus linearly polarized receivers are unable to identify, detect, or otherwise extract useful information from the signal. The system is immune from interference caused by high power linearly polarized signals. Dispersive effects caused by the atmosphere and other factors are significantly reduced since both polarization channels operate over the same frequency band. Our results indicate that the proposed scheme can recover voice and data signals with superior fidelity. Simulations show that we can achieve BER values of 10'4 at an SNR of around -6 dB without channel coding and BER values sufficient for data and video at much lower SNRs when channel coding is employed, which indicates excellent performance under covert conditions such as operating under the enemy receiver's thermal noise floor. We also show preliminary field test results with the baseband processing implemented within a software defined radio architecture that clearly validate the system concept.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMilitary Communications Conference 2006, MILCOM 2006
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Print)1424406188, 9781424406180
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006
EventMilitary Communications Conference 2006, MILCOM 2006 - Washington, D.C., United States
Duration: Oct 23 2006Oct 25 2006

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE Military Communications Conference MILCOM

Other

OtherMilitary Communications Conference 2006, MILCOM 2006
CountryUnited States
CityWashington, D.C.
Period10/23/0610/25/06

Fingerprint

Spread spectrum communication
Channel coding
Ultra-wideband (UWB)
Polarization
Thermal noise
Immune system
Frequency bands
Communication
Processing
Secure communication

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Chuang, J., DeMay, M. W., & Narayanan, R. M. (2006). Secure spread spectrum communication using ultrawideband random noise signals. In Military Communications Conference 2006, MILCOM 2006 [4086414] (Proceedings - IEEE Military Communications Conference MILCOM). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/MILCOM.2006.301984
Chuang, Jack ; DeMay, Matthew W. ; Narayanan, Ram Mohan. / Secure spread spectrum communication using ultrawideband random noise signals. Military Communications Conference 2006, MILCOM 2006. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2006. (Proceedings - IEEE Military Communications Conference MILCOM).
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Chuang, J, DeMay, MW & Narayanan, RM 2006, Secure spread spectrum communication using ultrawideband random noise signals. in Military Communications Conference 2006, MILCOM 2006., 4086414, Proceedings - IEEE Military Communications Conference MILCOM, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., Military Communications Conference 2006, MILCOM 2006, Washington, D.C., United States, 10/23/06. https://doi.org/10.1109/MILCOM.2006.301984

Secure spread spectrum communication using ultrawideband random noise signals. / Chuang, Jack; DeMay, Matthew W.; Narayanan, Ram Mohan.

Military Communications Conference 2006, MILCOM 2006. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2006. 4086414 (Proceedings - IEEE Military Communications Conference MILCOM).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Chuang J, DeMay MW, Narayanan RM. Secure spread spectrum communication using ultrawideband random noise signals. In Military Communications Conference 2006, MILCOM 2006. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2006. 4086414. (Proceedings - IEEE Military Communications Conference MILCOM). https://doi.org/10.1109/MILCOM.2006.301984