Sedimentary noise modeling of lake-level change in the Late Triassic Newark Basin of North America

Meng Wang, Mingsong Li, David B. Kemp, Slah Boulila, James G. Ogg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Two different hypotheses, glacioeustasy and groundwater aquifer eustasy, have been proposed to explain short-term, high-amplitude sea-level oscillations during past greenhouse-dominated intervals. However, the veracity of aquifer eustasy on long-term, high amplitude sea level has never been rigorously tested. We evaluate these competing hypotheses using the objective approach of sedimentary noise modeling for lake-level reconstruction. Statistical tuning and astronomical calibration of paleoclimate and paleoenvironment proxies (depth rank, rock color, gamma ray, and sonic velocity) from the lacustrine Newark Basin enable the construction of a 31.55-Myr long astronomical time scale (ATS) for the Late Triassic that is comparable to the classic Newark ATS previously presented. Using this timescale, sedimentary noise modeling in the lacustrine Newark Basin is carried out through the Late Triassic. Lake level fluctuations reconstructed by sedimentary noise modeling and principal component analysis reveal that million-year scale lake-level variations were linked to astronomical forcing with periods of ~3.3 Myr, ~1.8 Myr, and ~1.2 Myr. Our results demonstrate that astronomical forcing, as a driver of groundwater dynamics, may have had an impact on global sea-level changes during the Late Triassic. This study thus emphasizes the importance of high-resolution, objective reconstruction of sea- and lake-levels for further testing the hypotheses of glacioeustasy and aquifer eustasy under warm conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103706
JournalGlobal and Planetary Change
Volume208
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Oceanography

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