The present paper investigates the feasibility of the application of stainless steel (SS) in the seismic design of braced frames, either concentrically (CBFs) or eccentrically (EBFs) braced. A sample of regular multi-storey CBFs and EBFs was designed in compliance with modern seismic standards based on capacity-design rules. The results of pushover and inelastic response history analyses demonstrate that systems employing SSs exhibit enhanced plastic deformations and excellent energy absorbing capacity with respect to mild steel braced frames. The augmented strain hardening of SS, which is nearly twice that of carbon steels, is beneficial to prevent local buckling in steel members, especially those subjected to high axial compression. The performed analyses also demonstrate that in CBFs with SS braces and columns the increase in overstrength is about 40% with respect to the configuration in mild steel. For EBFs, the use of SS in the diagonals or in braces and links increases the global overstrength of the lateral resisting system by 20%. When the EBFs employ braces and columns in SS the increase can be as high as 50%.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction
- Mechanics of Materials
- Metals and Alloys