Green roofs are a best management practice for urban areas where land for traditional stormwater practices is unavailable. The two primary research objectives are the following: (1) To develop an effective media for green roofs that will improve roof runoff quality while maintaining the known water retention benefits of green roofs, and (2) To demonstrate that green roofing will generate lesser pollutant loadings into urban runoff than traditional roofing materials. In Phase I (currently ongoing), several green roof media (formulated from commonly-used expanded minerals, stormwater filter media, and organic matter) are being evaluated for their abilities to retain the pollutants from a synthetic acid rain. The samples are being analyzed for metals, nutrients, pH, and conductivity. The hypothesis is that one media will be "better" at pollutant removal and permanent retention. In Phase II, once the optimized media has been selected, it will be field-tested on a green roof. The water quality of the runoff from the green roof will be compared with the runoff quality from a traditional roof. Phase I results on the mineral portion of the future media mix demonstrates all media were able to neutralize the acid rain. Comparing the media for pollutant removal and retention, the expanded shale was best able to retain phosphorus, ammonia, and metals from the synthetic acid rain. Phase I results on the mineral and additive combinations show the expanded shale and granulated activated carbon mix to be the most effective at pollutant removal and retention.