A number of transformation systems have been developed to insert foreign DNA into the appropriate plant genome (nuclear or plastid) (discussed in Chap. 3). However, only a small fraction of the treated cells become transgenic, while the majority of the cells remain untransformed using any of these methods. Thus, effective selection and screening strategies are needed to pick up the rare transgenic lines from a pool of nontransformed cells or plants. To date, more than 50 marker genes and a few molecular techniques have been developed to serve this essential purpose.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)