The accessibility of selenium from naturally enriched sources such as cereals crops can potentially be used as selenium supplements to support nutritional requirements. Dietary selenium supplementation, as Se-rich wheat extracts, on RAW264.7 macrophage cells enhanced the antioxidant capacity via augmentation of cellular selenoprotein glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPx-1) expression in the absence or presence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment. Cells were supplemented with Se in the form of sodium selenite (SS), seleniferous wheat extract (SeW) and seleniferous wheat extract with rMETase treatment (SeW + rMET) at three different concentrations. Cells supplemented with SS and SeW + rMET showed increase in GPx-1 expression as compared to SeW-treated cells. SeW + rMET, further, downregulated the LPS-induced expression of cyclooxygenase-2, microsomal PGE synthase-1 and inducible nitric oxide synthase w.r.t. Se-deficient cells, while the expression of haematopoietic PGD synthase was upregulated. This demonstrates SeSup effectively modulates the expression of inflammatory responses, indicating the potential benefits of dietary selenium supplementation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science
- Agronomy and Crop Science