Self-attenuation corrections for radium measurements of oil and gas solids by gamma spectroscopy

Moses A. Ajemigbitse, Yingchi Cheng, Fred Scott Cannon, Nathaniel Richard Warner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Beneficial reuse and resource recovery of produced water often require treatment to remove radium before valuable products are extracted. The radium content of the treatment waste solids and beneficial products must be accurately determined when evaluating the efficacy and social validity of such treatments. While gamma spectroscopy remains the recommended method for radium measurements, these measurements can be impacted by the composition/mineralogy of the solids, which influence the attenuation of the gamma decay energy – with denser sediments incurring greater degrees of attenuation. This self-attenuation must be accounted for when accurately measuring radium, otherwise radium measurements are found to be inaccurate, sometimes by as much as 50%. To meet industry needs, measurements should be both accurate and rapid, even for small sample sizes. Consequently, we propose a rapid method for accurate radium measurements with an empirical technique to account for sample attenuation in well-detector gamma spectroscopy. This technique utilizes the sample density and sample volume in the measuring vial. These corrections are relevant to a wide range of solid samples and sediment densities that may be encountered during treatment and management of oil and gas solids, including clays, environmental sediment samples, sand grains, and precipitated salts. These corrections can also be applied for situations were low volumes of material are present, as in bench scale studies, thereby rendering this technique applicable to a wider range of scenarios.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106070
JournalJournal of Environmental Radioactivity
Volume211
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

Fingerprint

Radium
radium
Spectrum Analysis
Oils
Gases
spectroscopy
Spectroscopy
oil
gas
Sediments
sediment
Solid Waste
Waste treatment
Mineralogy
waste treatment
Solid wastes
Sample Size
solid waste
Industry
Clay

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

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Self-attenuation corrections for radium measurements of oil and gas solids by gamma spectroscopy. / Ajemigbitse, Moses A.; Cheng, Yingchi; Cannon, Fred Scott; Warner, Nathaniel Richard.

In: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, Vol. 211, 106070, 01.01.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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