Self-clearing of metalized electrodes and its impact on electroactive polymer (EAP) based actuators

Saad Ahmed, Zoubeida Ounaies

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Put abstract text here. EAP based actuator technologies are extensively studied to design smart/intelligent systems ranging from deployable space structures, morphing wings, to medical devices and artificial muscles. Despite the extensive research on electroactive polymers (EAP), practical implementation of this technology is slow because of low induced forces and defect-driven premature electrical breakdown. Multilayered or stacked configuration can address the low induced force issue. However, construction procedure of multilayered sample is susceptible to more defects, which can further aggravate defect-driven premature breakdown of EAP actuators. Reducing the number of defects using self-clearing concept can improve the EAP actuators' ability to withstand high electric fields. Self-clearing refers to the partial local breakdown of dielectric medium due to the presence of impurities, which in turn results in the evaporation of some of the metalized electrodes. After this evaporation, the impurity is cleared and any current path would be safely cut off, which means the actuator continues to perform, albeit with a reduced actuation area due to electrode evaporation. In this paper we study the impact of self-clearing metalized silver electrodes on the electrical and electromechanical behavior of EAPs, more specifically P(VDF-TrFE-CTFE) terpolymer. First, we use Weibull statistics to systematically estimate the self-clearing/preconditioning field needed to clear the defects. Then electrical breakdown experiments are conducted with and without preconditioning the samples to investigate their effects on the breakdown strength of the EAP. Finally, we implement this self-clearing/preconditioning field on single and multilayered P (VDF-TrFE-CTFE) unimorph actuators and investigate the resulting electromechanical performance. Due to preconditioning of the actuators using self-clearing concept, the actuators endure higher electric fields compared to a control sample. Loss of capacitance occurs during self-clearing, which in turn affects the electromechanical performance of the actuator. For that reason, we also report on the blocked force of preconditioned and controlled actuators to evaluate and compare their electromechanical performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMultifunctional Materials; Mechanics and Behavior of Active Materials; Integrated System Design and Implementation; Structural Health Monitoring
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
ISBN (Electronic)9780791850480
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
EventASME 2016 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS 2016 - Stowe, United States
Duration: Sep 28 2016Sep 30 2016

Publication series

NameASME 2016 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS 2016
Volume1

Other

OtherASME 2016 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS 2016
CountryUnited States
CityStowe
Period9/28/169/30/16

Fingerprint

Actuators
Electrodes
Polymers
Electroactive polymer actuators
Defects
Evaporation
Electric fields
Impurities
Terpolymers
Intelligent systems
Muscle
Silver
Capacitance
Statistics
Experiments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

Ahmed, S., & Ounaies, Z. (2016). Self-clearing of metalized electrodes and its impact on electroactive polymer (EAP) based actuators. In Multifunctional Materials; Mechanics and Behavior of Active Materials; Integrated System Design and Implementation; Structural Health Monitoring [V001T01A006] (ASME 2016 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS 2016; Vol. 1). American Society of Mechanical Engineers. https://doi.org/10.1115/SMASIS2016-9107
Ahmed, Saad ; Ounaies, Zoubeida. / Self-clearing of metalized electrodes and its impact on electroactive polymer (EAP) based actuators. Multifunctional Materials; Mechanics and Behavior of Active Materials; Integrated System Design and Implementation; Structural Health Monitoring. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2016. (ASME 2016 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS 2016).
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Ahmed, S & Ounaies, Z 2016, Self-clearing of metalized electrodes and its impact on electroactive polymer (EAP) based actuators. in Multifunctional Materials; Mechanics and Behavior of Active Materials; Integrated System Design and Implementation; Structural Health Monitoring., V001T01A006, ASME 2016 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS 2016, vol. 1, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, ASME 2016 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS 2016, Stowe, United States, 9/28/16. https://doi.org/10.1115/SMASIS2016-9107

Self-clearing of metalized electrodes and its impact on electroactive polymer (EAP) based actuators. / Ahmed, Saad; Ounaies, Zoubeida.

Multifunctional Materials; Mechanics and Behavior of Active Materials; Integrated System Design and Implementation; Structural Health Monitoring. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2016. V001T01A006 (ASME 2016 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS 2016; Vol. 1).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - Put abstract text here. EAP based actuator technologies are extensively studied to design smart/intelligent systems ranging from deployable space structures, morphing wings, to medical devices and artificial muscles. Despite the extensive research on electroactive polymers (EAP), practical implementation of this technology is slow because of low induced forces and defect-driven premature electrical breakdown. Multilayered or stacked configuration can address the low induced force issue. However, construction procedure of multilayered sample is susceptible to more defects, which can further aggravate defect-driven premature breakdown of EAP actuators. Reducing the number of defects using self-clearing concept can improve the EAP actuators' ability to withstand high electric fields. Self-clearing refers to the partial local breakdown of dielectric medium due to the presence of impurities, which in turn results in the evaporation of some of the metalized electrodes. After this evaporation, the impurity is cleared and any current path would be safely cut off, which means the actuator continues to perform, albeit with a reduced actuation area due to electrode evaporation. In this paper we study the impact of self-clearing metalized silver electrodes on the electrical and electromechanical behavior of EAPs, more specifically P(VDF-TrFE-CTFE) terpolymer. First, we use Weibull statistics to systematically estimate the self-clearing/preconditioning field needed to clear the defects. Then electrical breakdown experiments are conducted with and without preconditioning the samples to investigate their effects on the breakdown strength of the EAP. Finally, we implement this self-clearing/preconditioning field on single and multilayered P (VDF-TrFE-CTFE) unimorph actuators and investigate the resulting electromechanical performance. Due to preconditioning of the actuators using self-clearing concept, the actuators endure higher electric fields compared to a control sample. Loss of capacitance occurs during self-clearing, which in turn affects the electromechanical performance of the actuator. For that reason, we also report on the blocked force of preconditioned and controlled actuators to evaluate and compare their electromechanical performance.

AB - Put abstract text here. EAP based actuator technologies are extensively studied to design smart/intelligent systems ranging from deployable space structures, morphing wings, to medical devices and artificial muscles. Despite the extensive research on electroactive polymers (EAP), practical implementation of this technology is slow because of low induced forces and defect-driven premature electrical breakdown. Multilayered or stacked configuration can address the low induced force issue. However, construction procedure of multilayered sample is susceptible to more defects, which can further aggravate defect-driven premature breakdown of EAP actuators. Reducing the number of defects using self-clearing concept can improve the EAP actuators' ability to withstand high electric fields. Self-clearing refers to the partial local breakdown of dielectric medium due to the presence of impurities, which in turn results in the evaporation of some of the metalized electrodes. After this evaporation, the impurity is cleared and any current path would be safely cut off, which means the actuator continues to perform, albeit with a reduced actuation area due to electrode evaporation. In this paper we study the impact of self-clearing metalized silver electrodes on the electrical and electromechanical behavior of EAPs, more specifically P(VDF-TrFE-CTFE) terpolymer. First, we use Weibull statistics to systematically estimate the self-clearing/preconditioning field needed to clear the defects. Then electrical breakdown experiments are conducted with and without preconditioning the samples to investigate their effects on the breakdown strength of the EAP. Finally, we implement this self-clearing/preconditioning field on single and multilayered P (VDF-TrFE-CTFE) unimorph actuators and investigate the resulting electromechanical performance. Due to preconditioning of the actuators using self-clearing concept, the actuators endure higher electric fields compared to a control sample. Loss of capacitance occurs during self-clearing, which in turn affects the electromechanical performance of the actuator. For that reason, we also report on the blocked force of preconditioned and controlled actuators to evaluate and compare their electromechanical performance.

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Ahmed S, Ounaies Z. Self-clearing of metalized electrodes and its impact on electroactive polymer (EAP) based actuators. In Multifunctional Materials; Mechanics and Behavior of Active Materials; Integrated System Design and Implementation; Structural Health Monitoring. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 2016. V001T01A006. (ASME 2016 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS 2016). https://doi.org/10.1115/SMASIS2016-9107