Self-competence mediates earlier and later anxiety in adolescent mothers: A 3-year longitudinal perspective

Virginia L. Schiefelbein, Elizabeth J. Susman, Lorah D. Dorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Anxiety is prevalent in adolescents and may be particularly problematic in pregnant adolescents. The purpose of this structural equation modeling analysis was to test a biobehavioral model in which postpartum self-competence mediated pathways from anxiety and cortisol during pregnancy to anxiety 3 years later. Self-reports of anxiety and self-competence and salivary cortisol samples were obtained from 78 healthy primiparous and 57 nonpregnant comparison adolescent girls matched for age and socio-economic status. Assessments were done during the first half of pregnancy, 3-4 weeks after childbirth, and at a 3-year follow up. For pregnant girls, linkages from initial anxiety to self-competence to follow-up anxiety were significant and negative, as hypothesized. Direct and indirect pathways between initial and follow-up anxiety were significant. Cortisol levels did not predict self-competence or anxiety. For nonpregnant adolescents, the model fit poorly. Findings suggest self-competence may play a mediating role in young mothers' anxiety across time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)625-655
Number of pages31
JournalJournal of Research on Adolescence
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005

Fingerprint

Mental Competency
Anxiety
Mothers
anxiety
adolescent
Hydrocortisone
pregnancy
Pregnancy
Self Report
Postpartum Period
Economics
Parturition
economics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cultural Studies
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

@article{c1d484e985a0462f98bab59917993fbc,
title = "Self-competence mediates earlier and later anxiety in adolescent mothers: A 3-year longitudinal perspective",
abstract = "Anxiety is prevalent in adolescents and may be particularly problematic in pregnant adolescents. The purpose of this structural equation modeling analysis was to test a biobehavioral model in which postpartum self-competence mediated pathways from anxiety and cortisol during pregnancy to anxiety 3 years later. Self-reports of anxiety and self-competence and salivary cortisol samples were obtained from 78 healthy primiparous and 57 nonpregnant comparison adolescent girls matched for age and socio-economic status. Assessments were done during the first half of pregnancy, 3-4 weeks after childbirth, and at a 3-year follow up. For pregnant girls, linkages from initial anxiety to self-competence to follow-up anxiety were significant and negative, as hypothesized. Direct and indirect pathways between initial and follow-up anxiety were significant. Cortisol levels did not predict self-competence or anxiety. For nonpregnant adolescents, the model fit poorly. Findings suggest self-competence may play a mediating role in young mothers' anxiety across time.",
author = "Schiefelbein, {Virginia L.} and Susman, {Elizabeth J.} and Dorn, {Lorah D.}",
year = "2005",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1532-7795.2005.00114.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "15",
pages = "625--655",
journal = "Journal of Research on Adolescence",
issn = "1050-8392",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "4",

}

Self-competence mediates earlier and later anxiety in adolescent mothers : A 3-year longitudinal perspective. / Schiefelbein, Virginia L.; Susman, Elizabeth J.; Dorn, Lorah D.

In: Journal of Research on Adolescence, Vol. 15, No. 4, 01.12.2005, p. 625-655.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Self-competence mediates earlier and later anxiety in adolescent mothers

T2 - A 3-year longitudinal perspective

AU - Schiefelbein, Virginia L.

AU - Susman, Elizabeth J.

AU - Dorn, Lorah D.

PY - 2005/12/1

Y1 - 2005/12/1

N2 - Anxiety is prevalent in adolescents and may be particularly problematic in pregnant adolescents. The purpose of this structural equation modeling analysis was to test a biobehavioral model in which postpartum self-competence mediated pathways from anxiety and cortisol during pregnancy to anxiety 3 years later. Self-reports of anxiety and self-competence and salivary cortisol samples were obtained from 78 healthy primiparous and 57 nonpregnant comparison adolescent girls matched for age and socio-economic status. Assessments were done during the first half of pregnancy, 3-4 weeks after childbirth, and at a 3-year follow up. For pregnant girls, linkages from initial anxiety to self-competence to follow-up anxiety were significant and negative, as hypothesized. Direct and indirect pathways between initial and follow-up anxiety were significant. Cortisol levels did not predict self-competence or anxiety. For nonpregnant adolescents, the model fit poorly. Findings suggest self-competence may play a mediating role in young mothers' anxiety across time.

AB - Anxiety is prevalent in adolescents and may be particularly problematic in pregnant adolescents. The purpose of this structural equation modeling analysis was to test a biobehavioral model in which postpartum self-competence mediated pathways from anxiety and cortisol during pregnancy to anxiety 3 years later. Self-reports of anxiety and self-competence and salivary cortisol samples were obtained from 78 healthy primiparous and 57 nonpregnant comparison adolescent girls matched for age and socio-economic status. Assessments were done during the first half of pregnancy, 3-4 weeks after childbirth, and at a 3-year follow up. For pregnant girls, linkages from initial anxiety to self-competence to follow-up anxiety were significant and negative, as hypothesized. Direct and indirect pathways between initial and follow-up anxiety were significant. Cortisol levels did not predict self-competence or anxiety. For nonpregnant adolescents, the model fit poorly. Findings suggest self-competence may play a mediating role in young mothers' anxiety across time.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=30444448190&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=30444448190&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2005.00114.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2005.00114.x

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:30444448190

VL - 15

SP - 625

EP - 655

JO - Journal of Research on Adolescence

JF - Journal of Research on Adolescence

SN - 1050-8392

IS - 4

ER -