Self-Image-Guided Ultrasonic Wireless Power Transmission to Millimeter-Sized Biomedical Implants

Miao Meng, Mehdi Kiani

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper introduces the concept of self-image-guided ultrasonic (SIG-US) wireless power transmission (WPT) for robust and efficient WPT to millimeter-sized biomedical implants distributed inside the body. In SIG-US WPT, a sharp pulse is transmitted periodically by the implant to create short ringing with relatively various delays across an array of external (wearable) ultrasonic transducers. These relative delays are used to drive the external array as in phased-array beamforming, generating a highly focused ultrasound intensity at the implant's location due to the reciprocity. Therefore, regardless of implant's misalignment, orientation, and medium (i.e., without any prior knowledge) optimal parameters for beamforming is found by the SIG-US technique without the need for a conventional imaging system, suffering from high power consumption, size, cost, and complexity. In our proof-of-concept simulation setup with a linear transducer array (11 transducers), the SIG-US technique improved delivered power to a 1 mm3 implant with 6 mm misalignment (powering distance of 30 mm) by 95.7 times compared with conventional beamforming. In addition, for up to 6 mm implant's misalignment, the received power with the SIG-US technique only varied by 1.2 times compared with 156.3 times variation in the received power in conventional beamforming.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages364-367
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781538613115
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2019
Event41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019 - Berlin, Germany
Duration: Jul 23 2019Jul 27 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019
CountryGermany
CityBerlin
Period7/23/197/27/19

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Self-Image-Guided Ultrasonic Wireless Power Transmission to Millimeter-Sized Biomedical Implants'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this