Self-modeling: Influence on psychological responses and physical performance

Nilam Ram, Penny McCullagh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Although self-modeling has been effective in modifying behaviors in a variety of settings, little research has been completed in the physical domain. The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of self-modeling on performance and self-efficacy using a sport skill and to explore the cognitive processes underlying self-modeling. A multiple baseline single-subject design was used wherein five intermediate level Volleyball players were given a self-modeling intervention. Performance outcome results indicated that self-modeling may contribute to increases in serve accuracy. Performance form and self-efficacy results were inconclusive. Using a think-aloud protocol, it was noted that although the participants found the images of themselves "shocking," the images command cognitive resources. Postintervention interviews revealed that participants found the self-modeling intervention useful and that it led to changes in behavior and motivation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)220-241
Number of pages22
JournalSport Psychologist
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology


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