Narrowband photodetector (NB-PD) with selective light detection is critical for artificial vision and imaging. Intrinsic (optical-filter-free) NB-PDs using conjugated organics or halide perovskite materials have been developed for eliminating the current complex filtering systems in NB-PDs. However, the poor performance and external driving circuit of organic NB-PDs as well as complex doping and uncontrollable recombination reactions in typical perovskite NB-PDs have limited their applicational diversification. A p-type self-doped perovskite for intrinsic NB detection is reported which exhibits unique unbalanced electron–hole transfer kinetics. In conjunction with the optical field distribution, an unbalanced charge transport within the self-doped perovskite triggers a wavelength-dependent photo-carrier collection, resulting in a novel spontaneous internal quantum efficiency narrowing mechanism. As a result, by reverting the device architectural polarity, an NB detection at a monochromic light of either red or UV is observed. Using such a revertible asymmetric device design, self-powered NB-PDs are successfully achieved. Briefly, the corresponding NB-PDs exhibit excellent narrow response with a response window of ≈100 nm, high detectivity ≈1011 Jones, and fast response speed (f−3dB ≈ 60 kHz) at zero bias. These results demonstrate a new strategy of manipulating internal charge transport to realize power-free and filter-free intrinsic NB-PDs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics