Sixty-one athletes competed in the 1987 National Championship of the US Powerlifting Federation; all were surveyed to obtain information on anabolic-androgenic steroids regarding attitudes, patterns of use, and health effects. Of the 45 who responded to the survey, 15 admitted having used steroids. In a follow-up telephone interview of 20 of the competitors, 11 reported previous steroids use. The reason given most often for using steroids was improved athletic performance; the most common side effects reported were heightened libido, acne, and increased body hair. The small number of admitted users suggests that underreporting took place; this level of use probably represents the lower bound of steroid use among power lifters.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation