Self-Schemas and Possible Selves as Predictors and Outcomes of Risky Behaviors in Adolescents

Karen Farchaus Stein, Robert Roeser, Hazel R. Markus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Although there is extensive evidence that the self-concept changes in many important ways during the adolescent years and that these changes influence behavioral choices, the majority of studies completed to date have been based on a static model in which the self-concept is viewed solely as an antecedent of the risky behaviors. Objectives: To investigate the pattern of relationships between three components of the self-concept - the popular, the conventional, and the deviant selves - and risky behaviors in a sample of middle adolescents during their transition from junior high to high school. Methods: A sample of 160 adolescents completed questionnaires measuring the content of their self-schemas and possible selves and involvement in four risky behaviors (tobacco and alcohol use, sexual intercourse, poor school performance) during the winter of eighth and ninth grades. Results: Popular self-schema score in the eighth grade positively predicted ninth grade risky behaviors. Risky behavior involvement in the eighth grade predicted ninth-grade deviant self-schema and possible self-scores. Conclusions: These findings suggest that the self-concept may not only play a role in the early stages of engagement in the risky behaviors but may also be one means through which the behaviors become structuralized into potentially enduring aspects of the self.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)96-106
Number of pages11
JournalNursing Research
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1998

Fingerprint

Adolescent Behavior
Ego
Self Concept
Coitus
Tobacco Use
Alcohols

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Stein, Karen Farchaus ; Roeser, Robert ; Markus, Hazel R. / Self-Schemas and Possible Selves as Predictors and Outcomes of Risky Behaviors in Adolescents. In: Nursing Research. 1998 ; Vol. 47, No. 2. pp. 96-106.
@article{1bd31932fbde4aa48fda734be833de63,
title = "Self-Schemas and Possible Selves as Predictors and Outcomes of Risky Behaviors in Adolescents",
abstract = "Background: Although there is extensive evidence that the self-concept changes in many important ways during the adolescent years and that these changes influence behavioral choices, the majority of studies completed to date have been based on a static model in which the self-concept is viewed solely as an antecedent of the risky behaviors. Objectives: To investigate the pattern of relationships between three components of the self-concept - the popular, the conventional, and the deviant selves - and risky behaviors in a sample of middle adolescents during their transition from junior high to high school. Methods: A sample of 160 adolescents completed questionnaires measuring the content of their self-schemas and possible selves and involvement in four risky behaviors (tobacco and alcohol use, sexual intercourse, poor school performance) during the winter of eighth and ninth grades. Results: Popular self-schema score in the eighth grade positively predicted ninth grade risky behaviors. Risky behavior involvement in the eighth grade predicted ninth-grade deviant self-schema and possible self-scores. Conclusions: These findings suggest that the self-concept may not only play a role in the early stages of engagement in the risky behaviors but may also be one means through which the behaviors become structuralized into potentially enduring aspects of the self.",
author = "Stein, {Karen Farchaus} and Robert Roeser and Markus, {Hazel R.}",
year = "1998",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1097/00006199-199803000-00008",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "47",
pages = "96--106",
journal = "Nursing Research",
issn = "0029-6562",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "2",

}

Self-Schemas and Possible Selves as Predictors and Outcomes of Risky Behaviors in Adolescents. / Stein, Karen Farchaus; Roeser, Robert; Markus, Hazel R.

In: Nursing Research, Vol. 47, No. 2, 04.1998, p. 96-106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Self-Schemas and Possible Selves as Predictors and Outcomes of Risky Behaviors in Adolescents

AU - Stein, Karen Farchaus

AU - Roeser, Robert

AU - Markus, Hazel R.

PY - 1998/4

Y1 - 1998/4

N2 - Background: Although there is extensive evidence that the self-concept changes in many important ways during the adolescent years and that these changes influence behavioral choices, the majority of studies completed to date have been based on a static model in which the self-concept is viewed solely as an antecedent of the risky behaviors. Objectives: To investigate the pattern of relationships between three components of the self-concept - the popular, the conventional, and the deviant selves - and risky behaviors in a sample of middle adolescents during their transition from junior high to high school. Methods: A sample of 160 adolescents completed questionnaires measuring the content of their self-schemas and possible selves and involvement in four risky behaviors (tobacco and alcohol use, sexual intercourse, poor school performance) during the winter of eighth and ninth grades. Results: Popular self-schema score in the eighth grade positively predicted ninth grade risky behaviors. Risky behavior involvement in the eighth grade predicted ninth-grade deviant self-schema and possible self-scores. Conclusions: These findings suggest that the self-concept may not only play a role in the early stages of engagement in the risky behaviors but may also be one means through which the behaviors become structuralized into potentially enduring aspects of the self.

AB - Background: Although there is extensive evidence that the self-concept changes in many important ways during the adolescent years and that these changes influence behavioral choices, the majority of studies completed to date have been based on a static model in which the self-concept is viewed solely as an antecedent of the risky behaviors. Objectives: To investigate the pattern of relationships between three components of the self-concept - the popular, the conventional, and the deviant selves - and risky behaviors in a sample of middle adolescents during their transition from junior high to high school. Methods: A sample of 160 adolescents completed questionnaires measuring the content of their self-schemas and possible selves and involvement in four risky behaviors (tobacco and alcohol use, sexual intercourse, poor school performance) during the winter of eighth and ninth grades. Results: Popular self-schema score in the eighth grade positively predicted ninth grade risky behaviors. Risky behavior involvement in the eighth grade predicted ninth-grade deviant self-schema and possible self-scores. Conclusions: These findings suggest that the self-concept may not only play a role in the early stages of engagement in the risky behaviors but may also be one means through which the behaviors become structuralized into potentially enduring aspects of the self.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032015091&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032015091&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/00006199-199803000-00008

DO - 10.1097/00006199-199803000-00008

M3 - Article

C2 - 9536193

AN - SCOPUS:0032015091

VL - 47

SP - 96

EP - 106

JO - Nursing Research

JF - Nursing Research

SN - 0029-6562

IS - 2

ER -