Self-selected diets of lactating women often fail to meet dietary recommendations

Amy D. Mackey, Mary Frances Picciano, Diane Crisman Mitchell, Helen Smiciklas-Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. To assess longitudinally nutrient intakes of lactating women during the postpartum period. Design. Dietary data from lactating women were collected by means of 2-day food records at 3 and 6 months postpartum. Intake of energy and selected nutrients was tabulated and compared with dietary standards. Subjects. The 52 lactating women enrolled in the study lived in a university community, were apparently healthy, had a body mass index within normal range, were successfully nursing a term infant, and planned to nurse for at least 6 months. Statistical analyses performed. Paired t tests and Stuart-Maxwell χ2 analyses. Results. Mean energy intakes were below the Recommended Dietary Allowance. Mean intakes of most nutrients met or exceeded recommended standards except for zinc and vitamins D and E at both 3 and 6 months postpartum. Calcium and folate intakes were also below standards at 6 months. Although mean iron intake exceeded the standard at both measurement times, there was a significant decline from 3 to 6 months. Relative frequencies of mothers meeting various percentages of standards differed significantly from 3 to 6 months for calcium; iron; folate; and vitamins E, D, and B-6. At 6 months, significant increases were noted in the number of women reporting calcium, folate, and vitamin B-6 intake at less than one half of the recommended amounts. Applications/conclusions. Guidance for lactating women should stress food sources of nutrients likely to be limited in their diets: calcium; zinc; folate; and vitamins E, D, and B-6.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-302
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Dietetic Association
Volume98
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

Fingerprint

lactating women
dietary recommendations
folic acid
Diet
vitamin E
Folic Acid
calcium
Food
Vitamin E
Vitamin D
diet
Postpartum Period
Calcium
energy intake
nutrients
zinc
iron
Energy Intake
Recommended Dietary Allowances
Zinc

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Mackey, Amy D. ; Picciano, Mary Frances ; Mitchell, Diane Crisman ; Smiciklas-Wright, Helen. / Self-selected diets of lactating women often fail to meet dietary recommendations. In: Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 1998 ; Vol. 98, No. 3. pp. 297-302.
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Self-selected diets of lactating women often fail to meet dietary recommendations. / Mackey, Amy D.; Picciano, Mary Frances; Mitchell, Diane Crisman; Smiciklas-Wright, Helen.

In: Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Vol. 98, No. 3, 01.01.1998, p. 297-302.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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