SelSA, selenium analogs of SAHA as potent histone deacetylase inhibitors

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Abstract

Cancer treatment and therapy has moved from conventional chemotherapeutics to more mechanism-based targeted approach. Disturbances in the balance of histone acetyltransferase (HAT) and deacetylase (HDAC) leads to a change in cell morphology, cell cycle, differentiation, and carcinogenesis. In particular, HDAC plays an important role in carcinogenesis and therefore it has been a target for cancer therapy. Structurally diverse group of HDAC inhibitors are known. The broadest class of HDAC inhibitor belongs to hydroxamic acid derivatives that have been shown to inhibit both class I and II HDACs. Suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) and Trichostatin A (TSA), which chelate the zinc ions, fall into this group. In particular, SAHA, second generation HDAC inhibitor, is in several cancer clinical trials including solid tumors and hematological malignancy, advanced refractory leukemia, metastatic head and neck cancers, and advanced cancers. To our knowledge, selenium-containing HDAC inhibitors are not reported in the literature. In order to find novel HDAC inhibitors, two selenium based-compounds modeled after SAHA were synthesized. We have compared two selenium-containing compounds; namely, SelSA-1 and SelSA-2 for their inhibitory HDAC activities against SAHA. Both, SelSA-1 and SelSA-2 were potent HDAC inhibitors; SelSA-2 having IC50 values of 8.9 nM whereas SAHA showed HDAC IC50 values of 196 nM. These results provided novel selenium-containing potent HDAC inhibitors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2044-2047
Number of pages4
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Volume20
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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