Semi-active vibration control of smart isolated highway bridge structures using replicator dynamics

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Abstract

In the past two decades, passive control strategies using isolation and fluid dampers have been employed for the seismic protection of bridge highway structures. The isolation vibration control, however, lacks the adaptability to react in real-time for changes during unpredictable earthquake loadings. This research advances the idea of combining the conventional passive control (base isolation) with a semi-active or active control system to create the next generation of smart bridge structures. A novel control algorithm based on the evoluationary game theory concept of replicator dynamics is investigated for vibration reduction of highway bridge structures equipped with both a passive isolation system and semi-active control devices subjected to earthquake loadings. The proposed methodology is evaluated by application to a benchmark example based on Interstate 5 overcrossing California State Route 91 (abbreviated as 91/5) bridge in southern California subjected to near-field historical earthquake excitations. Substantial reduction in mid-span displacement is achieved compared with the conventional base-isolated bridge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)536-552
Number of pages17
JournalEngineering Structures
Volume186
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering

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