Sensing for monitoring of the laser-GMAW hybrid welding process

D. Travis, G. Dearden, K. G. Watkins, E. W. Reutzel, R. P. Martukanitz, J. F. Tressler

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Laser-GMAW hybrid welding is an increasingly accepted technology for a variety of commercial applications, from industries as diverse as shipbuilding to automobile manufacture. As applications become more widespread, there will be a growing need to cost-effectively monitor the process in order to ensure consistent high quality. To address this growing need, a suite of sensors were used to monitor the laser-GMAW hybrid welding process, while intentionally introducing a variety of process perturbations. Process outputs that were monitored include the GMAW voltage and current, as well as the arc-plasma electromagnetic emissions in both the ultraviolet and infrared regions. Intentionally induced process perturbations included fluctuations in GMAW voltage and wire speed, laser angle of incidence, and laser/GMAW separation distance. The sensor data were collected, analyzed, and correlated with macroscopic evaluations of the weld bead geometry and heat-affected-zone. The data reveal a strong correlation between process variation and sensor readings, suggesting a quality control scheme for laser-GMAW hybrid welding that could rely on relatively inexpensive sensors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationICALEO 2004 - 23rd International Congress on Applications of Laser and Electro-Optics, Congress Proceedings
PublisherLaser Institute of America
ISBN (Print)0912035773, 9780912035772
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004
EventICALEO 2004 - 23rd International Congress on Applications of Laser and Electro-Optics - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Oct 4 2004Oct 7 2004

Publication series

NameICALEO 2004 - 23rd International Congress on Applications of Laser and Electro-Optics, Congress Proceedings

Other

OtherICALEO 2004 - 23rd International Congress on Applications of Laser and Electro-Optics
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period10/4/0410/7/04

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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