Sensitivity studies for third-generation gravitational wave observatories

S. Hild, M. Abernathy, F. Acernese, P. Amaro-Seoane, N. Andersson, K. Arun, F. Barone, B. Barr, M. Barsuglia, M. Beker, N. Beveridge, S. Birindelli, S. Bose, L. Bosi, S. Braccini, C. Bradaschia, T. Bulik, E. Calloni, G. Cella, E. Chassande MottinS. Chelkowski, A. Chincarini, J. Clark, E. Coccia, C. Colacino, J. Colas, A. Cumming, L. Cunningham, E. Cuoco, S. Danilishin, K. Danzmann, R. De Salvo, T. Dent, R. De Rosa, L. Di Fiore, A. Di Virgilio, M. Doets, V. Fafone, P. Falferi, R. Flaminio, J. Franc, F. Frasconi, A. Freise, D. Friedrich, P. Fulda, J. Gair, G. Gemme, E. Genin, A. Gennai, A. Giazotto, K. Glampedakis, C. Gräf, M. Granata, H. Grote, G. Guidi, A. Gurkovsky, G. Hammond, M. Hannam, J. Harms, D. Heinert, M. Hendry, I. Heng, E. Hennes, J. Hough, S. Husa, S. Huttner, G. Jones, F. Khalili, K. Kokeyama, K. Kokkotas, B. Krishnan, T. G.F. Li, M. Lorenzini, H. Lück, E. Majorana, I. Mandel, V. Mandic, M. Mantovani, I. Martin, C. Michel, Y. Minenkov, N. Morgado, S. Mosca, B. Mours, H. MüllerEbhardt, P. Murray, R. Nawrodt, J. Nelson, R. Oshaughnessy, C. D. Ott, C. Palomba, A. Paoli, G. Parguez, A. Pasqualetti, R. Passaquieti, D. Passuello, L. Pinard, W. Plastino, R. Poggiani, P. Popolizio, M. Prato, M. Punturo, P. Puppo, D. Rabeling, P. Rapagnani, J. Read, T. Regimbau, H. Rehbein, S. Reid, F. Ricci, F. Richard, A. Rocchi, S. Rowan, A. Rüdiger, L. Santamaría, B. Sassolas, B. Sathyaprakash, R. Schnabel, C. Schwarz, P. Seidel, A. Sintes, K. Somiya, F. Speirits, K. Strain, S. Strigin, P. Sutton, S. Tarabrin, A. Thüring, J. Van Den Brand, M. Van Veggel, C. Van Den Broeck, A. Vecchio, J. Veitch, F. Vetrano, A. Vicere, S. Vyatchanin, B. Willke, G. Woan, K. Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

188 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Advanced gravitational wave detectors, currently under construction, are expected to directly observe gravitational wave signals of astrophysical origin. The Einstein Telescope (ET), a third-generation gravitational wave detector, has been proposed in order to fully open up the emerging field of gravitational wave astronomy. In this paper we describe sensitivity models for ET and investigate potential limits imposed by fundamental noise sources. A special focus is set on evaluating the frequency band below 10 Hz where a complex mixture of seismic, gravity gradient, suspension thermal and radiation pressure noise dominates. We develop the most accurate sensitivity model, referred to as ET-D, for a third-generation detector so far, including the most relevant fundamental noise contributions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number094013
JournalClassical and Quantum Gravity
Volume28
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 7 2011

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gravitational waves
observatories
sensitivity
telescopes
detectors
radiation pressure
astronomy
emerging
astrophysics
gravitation
gradients

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Hild, S., Abernathy, M., Acernese, F., Amaro-Seoane, P., Andersson, N., Arun, K., ... Yamamoto, K. (2011). Sensitivity studies for third-generation gravitational wave observatories. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 28(9), [094013]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0264-9381/28/9/094013
Hild, S. ; Abernathy, M. ; Acernese, F. ; Amaro-Seoane, P. ; Andersson, N. ; Arun, K. ; Barone, F. ; Barr, B. ; Barsuglia, M. ; Beker, M. ; Beveridge, N. ; Birindelli, S. ; Bose, S. ; Bosi, L. ; Braccini, S. ; Bradaschia, C. ; Bulik, T. ; Calloni, E. ; Cella, G. ; Chassande Mottin, E. ; Chelkowski, S. ; Chincarini, A. ; Clark, J. ; Coccia, E. ; Colacino, C. ; Colas, J. ; Cumming, A. ; Cunningham, L. ; Cuoco, E. ; Danilishin, S. ; Danzmann, K. ; De Salvo, R. ; Dent, T. ; De Rosa, R. ; Di Fiore, L. ; Di Virgilio, A. ; Doets, M. ; Fafone, V. ; Falferi, P. ; Flaminio, R. ; Franc, J. ; Frasconi, F. ; Freise, A. ; Friedrich, D. ; Fulda, P. ; Gair, J. ; Gemme, G. ; Genin, E. ; Gennai, A. ; Giazotto, A. ; Glampedakis, K. ; Gräf, C. ; Granata, M. ; Grote, H. ; Guidi, G. ; Gurkovsky, A. ; Hammond, G. ; Hannam, M. ; Harms, J. ; Heinert, D. ; Hendry, M. ; Heng, I. ; Hennes, E. ; Hough, J. ; Husa, S. ; Huttner, S. ; Jones, G. ; Khalili, F. ; Kokeyama, K. ; Kokkotas, K. ; Krishnan, B. ; Li, T. G.F. ; Lorenzini, M. ; Lück, H. ; Majorana, E. ; Mandel, I. ; Mandic, V. ; Mantovani, M. ; Martin, I. ; Michel, C. ; Minenkov, Y. ; Morgado, N. ; Mosca, S. ; Mours, B. ; MüllerEbhardt, H. ; Murray, P. ; Nawrodt, R. ; Nelson, J. ; Oshaughnessy, R. ; Ott, C. D. ; Palomba, C. ; Paoli, A. ; Parguez, G. ; Pasqualetti, A. ; Passaquieti, R. ; Passuello, D. ; Pinard, L. ; Plastino, W. ; Poggiani, R. ; Popolizio, P. ; Prato, M. ; Punturo, M. ; Puppo, P. ; Rabeling, D. ; Rapagnani, P. ; Read, J. ; Regimbau, T. ; Rehbein, H. ; Reid, S. ; Ricci, F. ; Richard, F. ; Rocchi, A. ; Rowan, S. ; Rüdiger, A. ; Santamaría, L. ; Sassolas, B. ; Sathyaprakash, B. ; Schnabel, R. ; Schwarz, C. ; Seidel, P. ; Sintes, A. ; Somiya, K. ; Speirits, F. ; Strain, K. ; Strigin, S. ; Sutton, P. ; Tarabrin, S. ; Thüring, A. ; Van Den Brand, J. ; Van Veggel, M. ; Van Den Broeck, C. ; Vecchio, A. ; Veitch, J. ; Vetrano, F. ; Vicere, A. ; Vyatchanin, S. ; Willke, B. ; Woan, G. ; Yamamoto, K. / Sensitivity studies for third-generation gravitational wave observatories. In: Classical and Quantum Gravity. 2011 ; Vol. 28, No. 9.
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Hild, S, Abernathy, M, Acernese, F, Amaro-Seoane, P, Andersson, N, Arun, K, Barone, F, Barr, B, Barsuglia, M, Beker, M, Beveridge, N, Birindelli, S, Bose, S, Bosi, L, Braccini, S, Bradaschia, C, Bulik, T, Calloni, E, Cella, G, Chassande Mottin, E, Chelkowski, S, Chincarini, A, Clark, J, Coccia, E, Colacino, C, Colas, J, Cumming, A, Cunningham, L, Cuoco, E, Danilishin, S, Danzmann, K, De Salvo, R, Dent, T, De Rosa, R, Di Fiore, L, Di Virgilio, A, Doets, M, Fafone, V, Falferi, P, Flaminio, R, Franc, J, Frasconi, F, Freise, A, Friedrich, D, Fulda, P, Gair, J, Gemme, G, Genin, E, Gennai, A, Giazotto, A, Glampedakis, K, Gräf, C, Granata, M, Grote, H, Guidi, G, Gurkovsky, A, Hammond, G, Hannam, M, Harms, J, Heinert, D, Hendry, M, Heng, I, Hennes, E, Hough, J, Husa, S, Huttner, S, Jones, G, Khalili, F, Kokeyama, K, Kokkotas, K, Krishnan, B, Li, TGF, Lorenzini, M, Lück, H, Majorana, E, Mandel, I, Mandic, V, Mantovani, M, Martin, I, Michel, C, Minenkov, Y, Morgado, N, Mosca, S, Mours, B, MüllerEbhardt, H, Murray, P, Nawrodt, R, Nelson, J, Oshaughnessy, R, Ott, CD, Palomba, C, Paoli, A, Parguez, G, Pasqualetti, A, Passaquieti, R, Passuello, D, Pinard, L, Plastino, W, Poggiani, R, Popolizio, P, Prato, M, Punturo, M, Puppo, P, Rabeling, D, Rapagnani, P, Read, J, Regimbau, T, Rehbein, H, Reid, S, Ricci, F, Richard, F, Rocchi, A, Rowan, S, Rüdiger, A, Santamaría, L, Sassolas, B, Sathyaprakash, B, Schnabel, R, Schwarz, C, Seidel, P, Sintes, A, Somiya, K, Speirits, F, Strain, K, Strigin, S, Sutton, P, Tarabrin, S, Thüring, A, Van Den Brand, J, Van Veggel, M, Van Den Broeck, C, Vecchio, A, Veitch, J, Vetrano, F, Vicere, A, Vyatchanin, S, Willke, B, Woan, G & Yamamoto, K 2011, 'Sensitivity studies for third-generation gravitational wave observatories', Classical and Quantum Gravity, vol. 28, no. 9, 094013. https://doi.org/10.1088/0264-9381/28/9/094013

Sensitivity studies for third-generation gravitational wave observatories. / Hild, S.; Abernathy, M.; Acernese, F.; Amaro-Seoane, P.; Andersson, N.; Arun, K.; Barone, F.; Barr, B.; Barsuglia, M.; Beker, M.; Beveridge, N.; Birindelli, S.; Bose, S.; Bosi, L.; Braccini, S.; Bradaschia, C.; Bulik, T.; Calloni, E.; Cella, G.; Chassande Mottin, E.; Chelkowski, S.; Chincarini, A.; Clark, J.; Coccia, E.; Colacino, C.; Colas, J.; Cumming, A.; Cunningham, L.; Cuoco, E.; Danilishin, S.; Danzmann, K.; De Salvo, R.; Dent, T.; De Rosa, R.; Di Fiore, L.; Di Virgilio, A.; Doets, M.; Fafone, V.; Falferi, P.; Flaminio, R.; Franc, J.; Frasconi, F.; Freise, A.; Friedrich, D.; Fulda, P.; Gair, J.; Gemme, G.; Genin, E.; Gennai, A.; Giazotto, A.; Glampedakis, K.; Gräf, C.; Granata, M.; Grote, H.; Guidi, G.; Gurkovsky, A.; Hammond, G.; Hannam, M.; Harms, J.; Heinert, D.; Hendry, M.; Heng, I.; Hennes, E.; Hough, J.; Husa, S.; Huttner, S.; Jones, G.; Khalili, F.; Kokeyama, K.; Kokkotas, K.; Krishnan, B.; Li, T. G.F.; Lorenzini, M.; Lück, H.; Majorana, E.; Mandel, I.; Mandic, V.; Mantovani, M.; Martin, I.; Michel, C.; Minenkov, Y.; Morgado, N.; Mosca, S.; Mours, B.; MüllerEbhardt, H.; Murray, P.; Nawrodt, R.; Nelson, J.; Oshaughnessy, R.; Ott, C. D.; Palomba, C.; Paoli, A.; Parguez, G.; Pasqualetti, A.; Passaquieti, R.; Passuello, D.; Pinard, L.; Plastino, W.; Poggiani, R.; Popolizio, P.; Prato, M.; Punturo, M.; Puppo, P.; Rabeling, D.; Rapagnani, P.; Read, J.; Regimbau, T.; Rehbein, H.; Reid, S.; Ricci, F.; Richard, F.; Rocchi, A.; Rowan, S.; Rüdiger, A.; Santamaría, L.; Sassolas, B.; Sathyaprakash, B.; Schnabel, R.; Schwarz, C.; Seidel, P.; Sintes, A.; Somiya, K.; Speirits, F.; Strain, K.; Strigin, S.; Sutton, P.; Tarabrin, S.; Thüring, A.; Van Den Brand, J.; Van Veggel, M.; Van Den Broeck, C.; Vecchio, A.; Veitch, J.; Vetrano, F.; Vicere, A.; Vyatchanin, S.; Willke, B.; Woan, G.; Yamamoto, K.

In: Classical and Quantum Gravity, Vol. 28, No. 9, 094013, 07.05.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sensitivity studies for third-generation gravitational wave observatories

AU - Hild, S.

AU - Abernathy, M.

AU - Acernese, F.

AU - Amaro-Seoane, P.

AU - Andersson, N.

AU - Arun, K.

AU - Barone, F.

AU - Barr, B.

AU - Barsuglia, M.

AU - Beker, M.

AU - Beveridge, N.

AU - Birindelli, S.

AU - Bose, S.

AU - Bosi, L.

AU - Braccini, S.

AU - Bradaschia, C.

AU - Bulik, T.

AU - Calloni, E.

AU - Cella, G.

AU - Chassande Mottin, E.

AU - Chelkowski, S.

AU - Chincarini, A.

AU - Clark, J.

AU - Coccia, E.

AU - Colacino, C.

AU - Colas, J.

AU - Cumming, A.

AU - Cunningham, L.

AU - Cuoco, E.

AU - Danilishin, S.

AU - Danzmann, K.

AU - De Salvo, R.

AU - Dent, T.

AU - De Rosa, R.

AU - Di Fiore, L.

AU - Di Virgilio, A.

AU - Doets, M.

AU - Fafone, V.

AU - Falferi, P.

AU - Flaminio, R.

AU - Franc, J.

AU - Frasconi, F.

AU - Freise, A.

AU - Friedrich, D.

AU - Fulda, P.

AU - Gair, J.

AU - Gemme, G.

AU - Genin, E.

AU - Gennai, A.

AU - Giazotto, A.

AU - Glampedakis, K.

AU - Gräf, C.

AU - Granata, M.

AU - Grote, H.

AU - Guidi, G.

AU - Gurkovsky, A.

AU - Hammond, G.

AU - Hannam, M.

AU - Harms, J.

AU - Heinert, D.

AU - Hendry, M.

AU - Heng, I.

AU - Hennes, E.

AU - Hough, J.

AU - Husa, S.

AU - Huttner, S.

AU - Jones, G.

AU - Khalili, F.

AU - Kokeyama, K.

AU - Kokkotas, K.

AU - Krishnan, B.

AU - Li, T. G.F.

AU - Lorenzini, M.

AU - Lück, H.

AU - Majorana, E.

AU - Mandel, I.

AU - Mandic, V.

AU - Mantovani, M.

AU - Martin, I.

AU - Michel, C.

AU - Minenkov, Y.

AU - Morgado, N.

AU - Mosca, S.

AU - Mours, B.

AU - MüllerEbhardt, H.

AU - Murray, P.

AU - Nawrodt, R.

AU - Nelson, J.

AU - Oshaughnessy, R.

AU - Ott, C. D.

AU - Palomba, C.

AU - Paoli, A.

AU - Parguez, G.

AU - Pasqualetti, A.

AU - Passaquieti, R.

AU - Passuello, D.

AU - Pinard, L.

AU - Plastino, W.

AU - Poggiani, R.

AU - Popolizio, P.

AU - Prato, M.

AU - Punturo, M.

AU - Puppo, P.

AU - Rabeling, D.

AU - Rapagnani, P.

AU - Read, J.

AU - Regimbau, T.

AU - Rehbein, H.

AU - Reid, S.

AU - Ricci, F.

AU - Richard, F.

AU - Rocchi, A.

AU - Rowan, S.

AU - Rüdiger, A.

AU - Santamaría, L.

AU - Sassolas, B.

AU - Sathyaprakash, B.

AU - Schnabel, R.

AU - Schwarz, C.

AU - Seidel, P.

AU - Sintes, A.

AU - Somiya, K.

AU - Speirits, F.

AU - Strain, K.

AU - Strigin, S.

AU - Sutton, P.

AU - Tarabrin, S.

AU - Thüring, A.

AU - Van Den Brand, J.

AU - Van Veggel, M.

AU - Van Den Broeck, C.

AU - Vecchio, A.

AU - Veitch, J.

AU - Vetrano, F.

AU - Vicere, A.

AU - Vyatchanin, S.

AU - Willke, B.

AU - Woan, G.

AU - Yamamoto, K.

PY - 2011/5/7

Y1 - 2011/5/7

N2 - Advanced gravitational wave detectors, currently under construction, are expected to directly observe gravitational wave signals of astrophysical origin. The Einstein Telescope (ET), a third-generation gravitational wave detector, has been proposed in order to fully open up the emerging field of gravitational wave astronomy. In this paper we describe sensitivity models for ET and investigate potential limits imposed by fundamental noise sources. A special focus is set on evaluating the frequency band below 10 Hz where a complex mixture of seismic, gravity gradient, suspension thermal and radiation pressure noise dominates. We develop the most accurate sensitivity model, referred to as ET-D, for a third-generation detector so far, including the most relevant fundamental noise contributions.

AB - Advanced gravitational wave detectors, currently under construction, are expected to directly observe gravitational wave signals of astrophysical origin. The Einstein Telescope (ET), a third-generation gravitational wave detector, has been proposed in order to fully open up the emerging field of gravitational wave astronomy. In this paper we describe sensitivity models for ET and investigate potential limits imposed by fundamental noise sources. A special focus is set on evaluating the frequency band below 10 Hz where a complex mixture of seismic, gravity gradient, suspension thermal and radiation pressure noise dominates. We develop the most accurate sensitivity model, referred to as ET-D, for a third-generation detector so far, including the most relevant fundamental noise contributions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79955779579&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79955779579&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/0264-9381/28/9/094013

DO - 10.1088/0264-9381/28/9/094013

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:79955779579

VL - 28

JO - Classical and Quantum Gravity

JF - Classical and Quantum Gravity

SN - 0264-9381

IS - 9

M1 - 094013

ER -

Hild S, Abernathy M, Acernese F, Amaro-Seoane P, Andersson N, Arun K et al. Sensitivity studies for third-generation gravitational wave observatories. Classical and Quantum Gravity. 2011 May 7;28(9). 094013. https://doi.org/10.1088/0264-9381/28/9/094013