Sensorless rotor position estimation of PMSM by full-order and sliding mode EMF observers with speed estimate

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Abstract

The paper discusses the problem of rotor position estimation for the nonsalient PMSM and presents a Full-Order (FO) observer and a Sliding Mode (SM) observer; both are constructed using a speed estimate. The observers are developed using the PMSM model in the stationary reference frame and use the motor voltages, currents and speed as inputs. The PMSM is treated as a time-varying plant. Convergence is analysed assuming that the speed signal is inaccurate - this corresponds to the situation when a speed estimate is used to obtain a sensorless observer. Under improper speed, the FO observer gives errors; however, the SM observer can be forced to converge by increasing the gains. The SM structure proposed allows design of a variety of sensorless observers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-189
Number of pages33
JournalInternational Journal of Vehicle Autonomous Systems
Volume11
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 20 2013

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Rotors
Electric potential

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Sensorless rotor position estimation of PMSM by full-order and sliding mode EMF observers with speed estimate",
abstract = "The paper discusses the problem of rotor position estimation for the nonsalient PMSM and presents a Full-Order (FO) observer and a Sliding Mode (SM) observer; both are constructed using a speed estimate. The observers are developed using the PMSM model in the stationary reference frame and use the motor voltages, currents and speed as inputs. The PMSM is treated as a time-varying plant. Convergence is analysed assuming that the speed signal is inaccurate - this corresponds to the situation when a speed estimate is used to obtain a sensorless observer. Under improper speed, the FO observer gives errors; however, the SM observer can be forced to converge by increasing the gains. The SM structure proposed allows design of a variety of sensorless observers.",
author = "Mihai Comanescu",
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AB - The paper discusses the problem of rotor position estimation for the nonsalient PMSM and presents a Full-Order (FO) observer and a Sliding Mode (SM) observer; both are constructed using a speed estimate. The observers are developed using the PMSM model in the stationary reference frame and use the motor voltages, currents and speed as inputs. The PMSM is treated as a time-varying plant. Convergence is analysed assuming that the speed signal is inaccurate - this corresponds to the situation when a speed estimate is used to obtain a sensorless observer. Under improper speed, the FO observer gives errors; however, the SM observer can be forced to converge by increasing the gains. The SM structure proposed allows design of a variety of sensorless observers.

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