Individual long-chain fatty acid esters of retinol can be resolved by high-performance liquid chromatography using an octyl- or phenyl-substituted reverse-phase column and mixtures of acetonitrile with water as mobile phase. This simple procedure provides good resolution of biologically important retinyl esters including retinyl palmitate and retinyl oleate. Using an isocratic elution system, it is shown that nine synthetic esters of retinol, ranging in fatty acyl chain length from 12 to 20 carbons, each elute with a unique elution volume and produce an absorbance signal at 340 nm proportional to molar concentration. The method is suitable for analysis of various esters of retinol in biological samples including lymph chylomicrons and blood plasma. The octyl-substituted reverse-phase column can also be used to separate more polar neutral retinoids including retinol and retinaldehyde.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology