Nucleic acid detection methods are crucial for many fields such as pathogen detection and genotyping. Solid-state nanopore sensors represent a promising platform for nucleic acid detection due to its unique single molecule sensitivity and label-free electronic sensing. Here, we demonstrated the use of the glass nanopore for highly sensitive quantification of single-stranded circular DNAs (reporters), which could be degraded under the trans-cleavage activity of the target-specific CRISPR-Cas12a. We developed and optimized the Cas12a assay for HIV-1 analysis. We validated the concept of the solid-state CRISPR-Cas12a-assisted nanopores (SCAN) to specifically detect the HIV-1 DNAs. We showed that the glass nanopore sensor is effective in monitoring the cleavage activity of the target DNA-activated Cas12a. We developed a model to predict the total experimental time needed for making a statistically confident positive/negative call in a qualitative test. The SCAN concept combines the much-needed specificity and sensitivity into a single platform, and we anticipate that the SCAN would provide a compact, rapid, and low-cost method for nucleic acid detection at the point of care.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes