Sequential extraction method for determination of Fe(II/III) and U(IV/VI) in suspensions of iron-bearing phyllosilicates and uranium

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Abstract

Iron-bearing phyllosilicates strongly influence the redox state and mobility of uranium because of their limited hydraulic conductivity, high specific surface area, and redox reactivity. Standard extraction procedures cannot be accurately applied for the determination of clay-Fe(II/III) and U(IV/VI) in clay mineral-U suspensions such that advanced spectroscopic techniques are required. Instead, we developed and validated a sequential extraction method for determination of clay-Fe(II/III) and U(IV/VI) in clay-U suspensions. In our so-called "H3PO4-HF-H 2SO4 sequential extraction" method, H 3PO4-H2SO4 is used first to solubilize and remove U, and the remaining clay pellet is subject to HF-H 2SO4 digestion. Physical separation of U and clay eliminates valence cycling between U(IV/VI) and clay-Fe(II/III) that otherwise occurred in the extraction solutions and caused analytical discrepancies. We further developed an "automated anoxic KPA" method to measure soluble U(VI) and total U (calculate U(IV) by difference) and modified the conventional HF-H2SO4 digestion method to eliminate a series of time-consuming weighing steps. We measured the kinetics of uraninite oxidation by nontronite using this sequential extraction method and anoxic KPA method and measured a stoichiometric ratio of 2.19 ± 0.05 mol clay-Fe(II) produced per mol U(VI) produced (theoretical value of 2.0). We found that we were able to recover 98.0-98.5% of the clay Fe and 98.1-98.5% of the U through the sequential extractions. Compared to the theoretical stoichiometric ratio of 2.0, the parallel extractions of 0.5 M HCl for clay-Fe(II) and 1 M NaHCO3 for U(VI) leached two-times more Fe(II) than U(VI). The parallel extractions of HF-H2SO4 for clay Fe(II) and 1 M NaHCO3 for U(VI) leached six-times more Fe(II) than U(VI).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11995-12002
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume46
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 6 2012

Fingerprint

Bearings (structural)
Uranium
phyllosilicate
extraction method
uranium
Suspensions
Iron
iron
clay
digestion
sequential extraction
nontronite
uraninite
Hydraulic conductivity
Weighing
Clay minerals
Specific surface area
clay mineral
hydraulic conductivity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Sequential extraction method for determination of Fe(II/III) and U(IV/VI) in suspensions of iron-bearing phyllosilicates and uranium",
abstract = "Iron-bearing phyllosilicates strongly influence the redox state and mobility of uranium because of their limited hydraulic conductivity, high specific surface area, and redox reactivity. Standard extraction procedures cannot be accurately applied for the determination of clay-Fe(II/III) and U(IV/VI) in clay mineral-U suspensions such that advanced spectroscopic techniques are required. Instead, we developed and validated a sequential extraction method for determination of clay-Fe(II/III) and U(IV/VI) in clay-U suspensions. In our so-called {"}H3PO4-HF-H 2SO4 sequential extraction{"} method, H 3PO4-H2SO4 is used first to solubilize and remove U, and the remaining clay pellet is subject to HF-H 2SO4 digestion. Physical separation of U and clay eliminates valence cycling between U(IV/VI) and clay-Fe(II/III) that otherwise occurred in the extraction solutions and caused analytical discrepancies. We further developed an {"}automated anoxic KPA{"} method to measure soluble U(VI) and total U (calculate U(IV) by difference) and modified the conventional HF-H2SO4 digestion method to eliminate a series of time-consuming weighing steps. We measured the kinetics of uraninite oxidation by nontronite using this sequential extraction method and anoxic KPA method and measured a stoichiometric ratio of 2.19 ± 0.05 mol clay-Fe(II) produced per mol U(VI) produced (theoretical value of 2.0). We found that we were able to recover 98.0-98.5{\%} of the clay Fe and 98.1-98.5{\%} of the U through the sequential extractions. Compared to the theoretical stoichiometric ratio of 2.0, the parallel extractions of 0.5 M HCl for clay-Fe(II) and 1 M NaHCO3 for U(VI) leached two-times more Fe(II) than U(VI). The parallel extractions of HF-H2SO4 for clay Fe(II) and 1 M NaHCO3 for U(VI) leached six-times more Fe(II) than U(VI).",
author = "Fubo Luan and Burgos, {William D.}",
year = "2012",
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doi = "10.1021/es303306f",
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N2 - Iron-bearing phyllosilicates strongly influence the redox state and mobility of uranium because of their limited hydraulic conductivity, high specific surface area, and redox reactivity. Standard extraction procedures cannot be accurately applied for the determination of clay-Fe(II/III) and U(IV/VI) in clay mineral-U suspensions such that advanced spectroscopic techniques are required. Instead, we developed and validated a sequential extraction method for determination of clay-Fe(II/III) and U(IV/VI) in clay-U suspensions. In our so-called "H3PO4-HF-H 2SO4 sequential extraction" method, H 3PO4-H2SO4 is used first to solubilize and remove U, and the remaining clay pellet is subject to HF-H 2SO4 digestion. Physical separation of U and clay eliminates valence cycling between U(IV/VI) and clay-Fe(II/III) that otherwise occurred in the extraction solutions and caused analytical discrepancies. We further developed an "automated anoxic KPA" method to measure soluble U(VI) and total U (calculate U(IV) by difference) and modified the conventional HF-H2SO4 digestion method to eliminate a series of time-consuming weighing steps. We measured the kinetics of uraninite oxidation by nontronite using this sequential extraction method and anoxic KPA method and measured a stoichiometric ratio of 2.19 ± 0.05 mol clay-Fe(II) produced per mol U(VI) produced (theoretical value of 2.0). We found that we were able to recover 98.0-98.5% of the clay Fe and 98.1-98.5% of the U through the sequential extractions. Compared to the theoretical stoichiometric ratio of 2.0, the parallel extractions of 0.5 M HCl for clay-Fe(II) and 1 M NaHCO3 for U(VI) leached two-times more Fe(II) than U(VI). The parallel extractions of HF-H2SO4 for clay Fe(II) and 1 M NaHCO3 for U(VI) leached six-times more Fe(II) than U(VI).

AB - Iron-bearing phyllosilicates strongly influence the redox state and mobility of uranium because of their limited hydraulic conductivity, high specific surface area, and redox reactivity. Standard extraction procedures cannot be accurately applied for the determination of clay-Fe(II/III) and U(IV/VI) in clay mineral-U suspensions such that advanced spectroscopic techniques are required. Instead, we developed and validated a sequential extraction method for determination of clay-Fe(II/III) and U(IV/VI) in clay-U suspensions. In our so-called "H3PO4-HF-H 2SO4 sequential extraction" method, H 3PO4-H2SO4 is used first to solubilize and remove U, and the remaining clay pellet is subject to HF-H 2SO4 digestion. Physical separation of U and clay eliminates valence cycling between U(IV/VI) and clay-Fe(II/III) that otherwise occurred in the extraction solutions and caused analytical discrepancies. We further developed an "automated anoxic KPA" method to measure soluble U(VI) and total U (calculate U(IV) by difference) and modified the conventional HF-H2SO4 digestion method to eliminate a series of time-consuming weighing steps. We measured the kinetics of uraninite oxidation by nontronite using this sequential extraction method and anoxic KPA method and measured a stoichiometric ratio of 2.19 ± 0.05 mol clay-Fe(II) produced per mol U(VI) produced (theoretical value of 2.0). We found that we were able to recover 98.0-98.5% of the clay Fe and 98.1-98.5% of the U through the sequential extractions. Compared to the theoretical stoichiometric ratio of 2.0, the parallel extractions of 0.5 M HCl for clay-Fe(II) and 1 M NaHCO3 for U(VI) leached two-times more Fe(II) than U(VI). The parallel extractions of HF-H2SO4 for clay Fe(II) and 1 M NaHCO3 for U(VI) leached six-times more Fe(II) than U(VI).

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