Sequential four-ball study of some lubricating oils

Joseph M. Perez, David E. Weller, J. Larry Duda

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

10 Scopus citations


A study of several oils was conducted using the Sequential Four-Ball Test (SQFBT). The SQFBT was developed to simulate results obtained in a full-scale hydraulic pump stand test and off-highway vehicle field tests. The Δ scar, the increase in wear over the Hertz elastic indentation value, was used to evaluate wear and scuffing characteristics of the fluids tested. A series of ASTM round-robin hydraulic test fluids were evaluated and the results of the SQFBT agreed with pump stand test results. In addition, several commercial oils and some base fluids were evaluated to demonstrate the ability of the SQFBT test to be used as a research or screening tool. The base fluids evaluated included synthetic fluids, natural oils, and mineral oils. Some friction and wear data were evaluated statistically to obtain repeatability and reproducibility of the SQFBT. Differences in chemical structure are shown to affect friction and wear results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages5
Specialist publicationLubrication Engineering
StatePublished - Sep 1 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Sequential four-ball study of some lubricating oils'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this