Sequential vs concurrent chemoradiation for stage iii non-small cell lung cancer: Randomized phase III trial RTOG 9410

Walter J. Curran, Rebecca Paulus, Corey J. Langer, Ritsuko Komaki, Jin S. Lee, Stephen Hauser, Benjamin Movsas, Todd Wasserman, Seth A. Rosenthal, Elizabeth Gore, Mitchell MacHtay, William Sause, James D. Cox

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734 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background The combination of chemotherapy with thoracic radiotherapy (TRT) compared with TRT alone has been shown to confer a survival advantage for good performance status patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer. However, it is not known whether sequential or concurrent delivery of these therapies is the optimal combination strategy. Methods A total of 610 patients were randomly assigned to two concurrent regimens and one sequential chemotherapy and TRT regimen in a three-arm phase III trial. The sequential arm included cisplatin at 100 mg/m2 on days 1 and 29 and vinblastine at 5 mg/m2 per week for 5 weeks with 60 Gy TRT beginning on day 50. Arm 2 used the same chemotherapy regimen as arm 1 with 60 Gy TRT once daily beginning on day 1. Arm 3 used cisplatin at 50 mg/m2 on days 1, 8, 29, and 36 with oral etoposide at 50 mg twice daily for 10 weeks on days 1, 2, 5, and 6 with 69.6 Gy delivered as 1.2 Gy twice-daily fractions beginning on day 1. The primary endpoint was overall survival, and secondary endpoints included tumor response and time to tumor progression. Kaplan-Meier analyses were used to assess survival, and toxic effects were examined using the Wilcoxon rank sum test. All statistical tests were two-sided.ResultsMedian survival times were 14.6, 17.0, and 15.6 months for arms 1-3, respectively. Five-year survival was statistically significantly higher for patients treated with the concurrent regimen with once-daily TRT compared with the sequential treatment (5-year survival: sequential, arm 1, 10% [20 patients], 95% confidence interval [CI] = 7% to 15%; concurrent, arm 2, 16% [31 patients], 95% CI = 11% to 22%, P =. 046; concurrent, arm 3, 13% [22 patients], 95% CI = 9% to 18%). With a median follow-up time of 11 years, the rates of acute grade 3-5 nonhematologic toxic effects were higher with concurrent than sequential therapy, but late toxic effects were similar.ConclusionConcurrent delivery of cisplatin-based chemotherapy with TRT confers a long-term survival benefit compared with the sequential delivery of these therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1452-1460
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the National Cancer Institute
Volume103
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 5 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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