Purpose: Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a novel secreted member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily. In vitro, OPG blocks osteoclastogenesis in a dose-dependent manner. Serum OPG levels were assayed in cancer patients and healthy control subjects using an ELISA. Results: OPG levels in healthy controls were significantly higher in sera (0.17 ng/ml) than in plasma (0.14 ng/ml). OPG levels did not differ by age in either control group. Serum was available from patients with solid tumors (n = 145), hematological malignancies (n = 111), benign hematological disorders (n = 35), and rheumatologic diseases (n = 60). When adjusted for age and sex, there was no significant OPG elevation in the sera of patients with solid tumors compared with controls (0.2 versus 0.18 ng/ml). When analyzed by site of primary malignancy within the solid tumor patient group, serum OPG elevations were observed only in patients with colorectal cancer (0.29 ng/ml; P < 0.0001) and pancreatic cancer (0.35 ng/ml; P < 0.0001). When analyzed by site of metastasis within the solid tumor patient group, significant elevations in serum OPG were observed only in patients with liver metastases (0.29 ng/ml) and soft tissue metastases (0.21 ng/ml) but not in patients with bone or lung metastases. Within the hematological malignancy group, serum levels of OPG were significantly lower in patients with multiple myeloma (0.12 ng/ml) but were elevated in patients with Hodgkin's disease (0.29 ng/ ml) and Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (0.24 ng/ml; P = 0.048). Conclusions: Although some patients with malignancy have significant elevations of circulating OPG, these concentrations do not approach the level that would be expected to suppress osteoclast function.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2002|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research