Sevoflurane and Isoflurane—Pharmacokinetics, Hemodynamic Stability, and Cardioprotective Effects During Cardiopulmonary Bypass

David Freiermuth, Berend Mets, Daniel Bolliger, Oliver Reuthebuch, Thomas Doebele, Markus Scholz, Michael Gregor, Matthias Haschke, Manfred Daniel Seeberger, Jens Fassl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives This study aimed to evaluate the pharmacokinetic profiles of sevoflurane and isoflurane during use of minimized extracorporeal circulation to perform coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Furthermore, cardiovascular stability during bypass and the postoperative release of troponins were evaluated. Design Prospective, randomized study. Setting University hospital. Participants The study comprised 31 adult patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Interventions The pharmacokinetic measurements of the concentration of the volatile anesthetics in the arterial and venous blood, air inlet, air outlet, and gas exhaust of the extracorporeal circulation were recorded. Secondary end-points were cardiovascular stability during bypass, amount of postoperative release of troponin, time to extubation, time to discharge from the intensive care unit and the hospital, and 30-day mortality. Measurements and Main Results Thirty patients completed the protocol. The pharmacokinetics of isoflurane and sevoflurane were almost identical, with a rapid wash-in (time to reach 50% of arterial steady state) concentration of 0.87±0.97 minutes and 1.14±0.35 minutes for isoflurane and sevoflurane, respectively, and a biphasic venous elimination with a terminal half-life of approximately 10 minutes for both compounds. There was a correlation between the gas inlet and the gas exhaust of the extracorporeal circulation. No difference in cardiovascular stability was found. High-sensitivity troponin concentrations on the first postoperative morning were 0.355±0.312 µg/mL and 0.225±0.111 µg/mL in the isoflurane and sevoflurane groups, respectively (p = 0.147). Conclusions The study found similar pharmacokinetics regarding wash-in and wash-out for sevoflurane and isoflurane. In addition, no difference in cardiovascular stability was found. The markers of cardiac damage were not different between the two anesthetics. Based on these data, sevoflurane and isoflurane might be used equivalently in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery with extracorporeal circulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1494-1501
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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