Sex and geilder differences in tobacco smoking among adolescents in French secondary schools

S. Kalaboka, J. P. Piau, Gary King, D. Moreau, M. Choquet, Isabella Annesi-Maesano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim. We investigated the relationship between sex (genetic/biological) and gender (environmental/cultural) factors in relation to adolescent tobacco smoking. Methods. A representative sample of 11,582 students from French secondary public schools participated in the study by completing a self-administered, standardised questionnaire. Results. Using the WHO classification for smoking in the youth, 15.6% of the adolescents were regular smokers, 7.7% occasional smokers, 17.9% experimental smokers and 4.8% ex-smokers, with no statistically significant gender difference. Taking non-smoking as a reference, puberty had a much greater effect on the likelihood of being a regular smoker [OR=18.0 (95% Confidence Interval: 9.6-32)] than of being an experimental/occasional smoker [OR=3.7 (2.9-4.6)] among girls. For boys, the effect of puberty was not as great [OR=4.7 (3.5-6.5)] for regular vs. [OR=2.1 (1.8-2.5)] for experimental/occasional smokers). Similarly, illicit drug use had a larger effect on the likelihood of being regular smoker vs. non-smoker [OR=15.0 (12.0-20.0) in boys and 12 (8.8-16.0) in girls] than of being experimental/occasional smoker vs. a non-smoker [OR=4.8 (3.7-6.1) and 2.9 (2.1-3.9) respectively]. Other factors related to regular smoking were exposure to passive smoking and regular alcohol consumption. Living with both parents was a protective factor for life and regular smoking in both genders. Conclusions. Our results show that influential factors of sex-related (puberty), gender-specific (environmental tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, drug abuse) or sex/gender (regular sexual intercourse) are related to the smoking behaviour in French adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)142-151
Number of pages10
JournalMonaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Pulmonary Series
Volume69
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008

Fingerprint

Sex Characteristics
Smoking
Puberty
Alcohol Drinking
Sex Factors
Tobacco Smoke Pollution
Coitus
Street Drugs
Substance-Related Disorders
Parents
Confidence Intervals
Students

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Kalaboka, S. ; Piau, J. P. ; King, Gary ; Moreau, D. ; Choquet, M. ; Annesi-Maesano, Isabella. / Sex and geilder differences in tobacco smoking among adolescents in French secondary schools. In: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Pulmonary Series. 2008 ; Vol. 69, No. 3. pp. 142-151.
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abstract = "Aim. We investigated the relationship between sex (genetic/biological) and gender (environmental/cultural) factors in relation to adolescent tobacco smoking. Methods. A representative sample of 11,582 students from French secondary public schools participated in the study by completing a self-administered, standardised questionnaire. Results. Using the WHO classification for smoking in the youth, 15.6{\%} of the adolescents were regular smokers, 7.7{\%} occasional smokers, 17.9{\%} experimental smokers and 4.8{\%} ex-smokers, with no statistically significant gender difference. Taking non-smoking as a reference, puberty had a much greater effect on the likelihood of being a regular smoker [OR=18.0 (95{\%} Confidence Interval: 9.6-32)] than of being an experimental/occasional smoker [OR=3.7 (2.9-4.6)] among girls. For boys, the effect of puberty was not as great [OR=4.7 (3.5-6.5)] for regular vs. [OR=2.1 (1.8-2.5)] for experimental/occasional smokers). Similarly, illicit drug use had a larger effect on the likelihood of being regular smoker vs. non-smoker [OR=15.0 (12.0-20.0) in boys and 12 (8.8-16.0) in girls] than of being experimental/occasional smoker vs. a non-smoker [OR=4.8 (3.7-6.1) and 2.9 (2.1-3.9) respectively]. Other factors related to regular smoking were exposure to passive smoking and regular alcohol consumption. Living with both parents was a protective factor for life and regular smoking in both genders. Conclusions. Our results show that influential factors of sex-related (puberty), gender-specific (environmental tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, drug abuse) or sex/gender (regular sexual intercourse) are related to the smoking behaviour in French adolescents.",
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Kalaboka, S, Piau, JP, King, G, Moreau, D, Choquet, M & Annesi-Maesano, I 2008, 'Sex and geilder differences in tobacco smoking among adolescents in French secondary schools', Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Pulmonary Series, vol. 69, no. 3, pp. 142-151.

Sex and geilder differences in tobacco smoking among adolescents in French secondary schools. / Kalaboka, S.; Piau, J. P.; King, Gary; Moreau, D.; Choquet, M.; Annesi-Maesano, Isabella.

In: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Pulmonary Series, Vol. 69, No. 3, 01.01.2008, p. 142-151.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Aim. We investigated the relationship between sex (genetic/biological) and gender (environmental/cultural) factors in relation to adolescent tobacco smoking. Methods. A representative sample of 11,582 students from French secondary public schools participated in the study by completing a self-administered, standardised questionnaire. Results. Using the WHO classification for smoking in the youth, 15.6% of the adolescents were regular smokers, 7.7% occasional smokers, 17.9% experimental smokers and 4.8% ex-smokers, with no statistically significant gender difference. Taking non-smoking as a reference, puberty had a much greater effect on the likelihood of being a regular smoker [OR=18.0 (95% Confidence Interval: 9.6-32)] than of being an experimental/occasional smoker [OR=3.7 (2.9-4.6)] among girls. For boys, the effect of puberty was not as great [OR=4.7 (3.5-6.5)] for regular vs. [OR=2.1 (1.8-2.5)] for experimental/occasional smokers). Similarly, illicit drug use had a larger effect on the likelihood of being regular smoker vs. non-smoker [OR=15.0 (12.0-20.0) in boys and 12 (8.8-16.0) in girls] than of being experimental/occasional smoker vs. a non-smoker [OR=4.8 (3.7-6.1) and 2.9 (2.1-3.9) respectively]. Other factors related to regular smoking were exposure to passive smoking and regular alcohol consumption. Living with both parents was a protective factor for life and regular smoking in both genders. Conclusions. Our results show that influential factors of sex-related (puberty), gender-specific (environmental tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, drug abuse) or sex/gender (regular sexual intercourse) are related to the smoking behaviour in French adolescents.

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