Sex and gender differences in tobacco smoking among adolescents in French secondary schools.

S. Kalaboka, J. P. Piau, G. King, D. Moreau, M. Choquet, I. Annesi-Maesano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

AIM: We investigated the relationship between sex (genetic/biological) and gender (environmental/cultural) factors in relation to adolescent tobacco smoking. METHODS: A representative sample of 11,582 students from French secondary public schools participated in the study by completing a self-administered, standardised questionnaire. RESULTS: Using the WHO classification for smoking in the youth, 15.6% of the adolescents were regular smokers, 7.7% occasional smokers, 17.9% experimental smokers and 4.8% ex-smokers, with no statistically significant gender difference. Taking non-smoking as a reference, puberty had a much greater effect on the likelihood of being a regular smoker [OR = 18.0 (95% Confidence Interval: 9.6-32)] than of being an experimental/occasional smoker [OR = 3.7 (2.9-4.6)] among girls. For boys, the effect of puberty was not as great [OR = 4.7 (3.5-6.5)] for regular vs. [OR = 2.1 (1.8-2.5)] for experimental/occasional smokers). Similarly, illicit drug use had a larger effect on the likelihood of being regular smoker vs. non-smoker [OR = 15.0 (12.0-20.0) in boys and 12 (8.8-16.0) in girls] than of being experimental/occasional smoker vs. a non-smoker [OR = 4.8 (3.7-6.1) and 2.9 (2.1-3.9) respectively]. Other factors related to regular smoking were exposure to passive smoking and regular alcohol consumption. Living with both parents was a protective factor for life and regular smoking in both genders. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that influential factors of sex-related (puberty), gender-specific (environmental tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, drug abuse) or sex/gender (regular sexual intercourse) are related to the smoking behaviour in French adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)142-151
Number of pages10
JournalMonaldi Archives for Chest Disease
Volume69
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2008

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Sex Characteristics
Smoking
Puberty
Alcohol Drinking
Sex Factors
Tobacco Smoke Pollution
Coitus
Street Drugs
Substance-Related Disorders
Parents
Confidence Intervals
Students

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Kalaboka, S., Piau, J. P., King, G., Moreau, D., Choquet, M., & Annesi-Maesano, I. (2008). Sex and gender differences in tobacco smoking among adolescents in French secondary schools. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, 69(3), 142-151.
Kalaboka, S. ; Piau, J. P. ; King, G. ; Moreau, D. ; Choquet, M. ; Annesi-Maesano, I. / Sex and gender differences in tobacco smoking among adolescents in French secondary schools. In: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease. 2008 ; Vol. 69, No. 3. pp. 142-151.
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abstract = "AIM: We investigated the relationship between sex (genetic/biological) and gender (environmental/cultural) factors in relation to adolescent tobacco smoking. METHODS: A representative sample of 11,582 students from French secondary public schools participated in the study by completing a self-administered, standardised questionnaire. RESULTS: Using the WHO classification for smoking in the youth, 15.6{\%} of the adolescents were regular smokers, 7.7{\%} occasional smokers, 17.9{\%} experimental smokers and 4.8{\%} ex-smokers, with no statistically significant gender difference. Taking non-smoking as a reference, puberty had a much greater effect on the likelihood of being a regular smoker [OR = 18.0 (95{\%} Confidence Interval: 9.6-32)] than of being an experimental/occasional smoker [OR = 3.7 (2.9-4.6)] among girls. For boys, the effect of puberty was not as great [OR = 4.7 (3.5-6.5)] for regular vs. [OR = 2.1 (1.8-2.5)] for experimental/occasional smokers). Similarly, illicit drug use had a larger effect on the likelihood of being regular smoker vs. non-smoker [OR = 15.0 (12.0-20.0) in boys and 12 (8.8-16.0) in girls] than of being experimental/occasional smoker vs. a non-smoker [OR = 4.8 (3.7-6.1) and 2.9 (2.1-3.9) respectively]. Other factors related to regular smoking were exposure to passive smoking and regular alcohol consumption. Living with both parents was a protective factor for life and regular smoking in both genders. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that influential factors of sex-related (puberty), gender-specific (environmental tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, drug abuse) or sex/gender (regular sexual intercourse) are related to the smoking behaviour in French adolescents.",
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Kalaboka, S, Piau, JP, King, G, Moreau, D, Choquet, M & Annesi-Maesano, I 2008, 'Sex and gender differences in tobacco smoking among adolescents in French secondary schools.', Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, vol. 69, no. 3, pp. 142-151.

Sex and gender differences in tobacco smoking among adolescents in French secondary schools. / Kalaboka, S.; Piau, J. P.; King, G.; Moreau, D.; Choquet, M.; Annesi-Maesano, I.

In: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Vol. 69, No. 3, 09.2008, p. 142-151.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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