Background: Women with coronary artery disease are less likely to be revascularized than men based on angiography alone. Recent studies have shown that female patients have higher fractional flow reserve (FFR) values for a given severity of coronary stenosis. However, gender differences in coronary revascularization rates following FFR assessment are unknown. Methods: The nationwide inpatient sample database was used to identify all patients who underwent FFR in the United States between January 2009 and December 2010. We used propensity score matching to compare revascularization rates and in-hospital outcomes among men and women undergoing FFR measurements. Results: Among 3712 patients who underwent FFR during the study period, 1235 matched pairs of men and women were identified. The overall revascularization rates were lower in women than men (40.1% vs. 52.8%, p < 0.01). Women were less likely to undergo either percutaneous (35.2% vs. 45.6%, p < 0.01) or surgical revascularization following FFR than men (5.2% vs. 7.4%, p = 0.03). Women had a nonsignificant trend toward higher in-hospital mortality (0.8% vs. 0.5%, p = 0.32) and significantly higher rates of access site hematoma formation (2.7% vs. 0.8%, p < 0.01) compared to men. Conclusion: In conclusion, this large nationwide study reveals that coronary revascularization rates are significantly lower in women than in men even after functional assessment with FFR.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes